Ibsen And Strindberg

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Class Notes for Ibsen and Strindberg

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Ibsen And Strindberg

  1. 1. Ibsen and Strindberg<br />
  2. 2. Henrik Ibsen<br />Founder of Modern Realism<br />Born in 1828 in Norway to wealthy parents<br />Family had financial problems in 1835 forcing them to move to a smaller house<br />
  3. 3. In 1851, Ibsen began work as an asst. stage manager - also began writing at this time.<br />Started out writing Romantic drama - early plays were written in verse and drawn from Norse folklore and myths<br />Realist dramas he wrote explored various problems in society. <br />At the end of his life he wrote abstract symbolist drama<br />
  4. 4. Plays by Ibsen<br />A Doll’s House <br />Ghosts<br />An Enemy of the People<br />HeddaGabler<br />
  5. 5. Banned Plays by Ibsen<br />A Doll’s House was banned in Britain ; additionally requests were made to “change the ending.” <br />Ghosts: banned on religious grounds for references to incest and sexually transmitted diseases<br />
  6. 6. August Strindberg<br />Born in 1849 in Stockholm, Sweden; father was a middle-class merchant, and mother was a servant<br />At the age of 4, his family went bankrupt. <br />Had several jobs as well as two unsuccessful attempts to become an actor<br />
  7. 7. Around this time, he began writing plays. His first two plays, Freethinker and In Rome, were poorly received<br />A reworking of his play Major Olaf finally brought some success<br />Gained more success with his dramas, including The Father and Miss Julie<br />He later began to experiment with more surrealistic plays, known as “dream plays”<br />
  8. 8. Miss Julie<br />One of Strindberg’s most famous plays, it shocked audiences with its frank portrayal of sexuality<br />It was banned throughout much of Europe and was not produced in Sweden until 1906 (Britain did not lift ban until 1932)<br />One important point about the play: it is the first play in which sex is separated from love<br />

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