Pannasastra University of CambodiaSubject: Introduction to HealthLecturer: Chhay LeakenaResearch Topic: Drug AbuseGroup: 101. Kaing Sokkheng 4. Mok Phanit2. Tan Muonphalika 5. Peng Chandara3. Sam Pisey
• Outline I. Introduction II. Definition III. Factors Cause to Drugs Addiction IV. Symptoms of Drugs Addiction V. Complications VI. Prevention VII. Treatment VIII. Conclusion
I. Introduction• Drugs are chemicals that change theway a persons body and brain works.• There are 2 kinds of drug Legal : medicines, cigarette, alcohol, etc. Illegal : marijuana, cocaine, crystal meth, heroin, etc.
II. Definition• Drug addiction, also called substance dependence or chemical dependency, is a disease that is characterized by a destructive pattern of drug abuse that leads to significant problems involving tolerance to or withdrawal from the substance, as well as other problems that use of the substance can cause for the sufferer, either socially or in terms of their work or school performance.
III. Factors Cause to Drugs Addiction Biological Psychological Drugs Addiction Social Factors
Biological Factors Family history Genetic predisposition Personality disorder, or a Medical disorder Bio-chemical factors Withdrawal effects and craving Reinforcing effects of drugs
Psychological Curiosity Social rebelliousness Poor control Poor stress management Sensation seeking (Feeling high) Low self-esteem (Anomie) To escape reality No interest in conventional goals Psychological distress Childhood loss or trauma
Social Factors Peer pressure Emulating role models Easy availability Lack of family support or even conflicts Overall social attitude cumulatively Initiated in a peer group
IV. Symptoms of Drugs Addiction• Using drug regularly and it can be daily or even several times a day.• Failing in stop using the drug.• Spending money on the drug even though you cannot afford it.• Doing things to obtain the drug that you would not do such as stealing.• Doing other risky activities when you’re under the influence of the drug.
• The individual significantly reduces or stops participating in important social, recreational, work, or school activities as a result of using the substance.• Extreme mood changes• Changes in energy• Pupils of the eyes seeming smaller or larger than usual• Secretiveness
V. Complications Mental • damage brain system problems Physical • get other diseases problems • some external organs cannot be use properly Family • lose happiness in whole family problems • work or school issuesSocial problems • Legal issues Financial • Lacking of money problems • poverty
VI. Prevention Communication First prevention Pay attention Be a good example Prevention Avoid high-risk situations Preventing a Back to Get help relapse school Stick with treatment plan
VII. Treatments• Find the right drug treatment program.• Get involved in some distracting activities such as reading books and doing exercises.• Yoga and meditation are excellent ways to bust stress and find balance.• Having the support of friends, family and counseling with psychologist or doctor.• challenging self-defeating thoughts.• Make a break from old drug buddies.• Avoid bars and clubs.
VIII. ConclusionDrug Abuse is using drug a lot that effectsto health, body, brain , feeling andbehavioral change in an individual.Especially, it damages property andmakes violence in the family and spendmuch money and times to treat it.Moreover, it effects seriously in society suchcrime, steal .
References• Dr. Chhay Leakhena, Dr. Leng Kuoy, Prof. Kieng Rotana. (n.d.). Health Education. Phnom Penh.• medicinenet.com. (n.d.). Retrieved October 27th, 2012, from http://www.medicinenet.com/drug_abuse/page3.htm#what_are_causes_and_risk_fact ors_for_drug_abuse_and_addiction• Melinda Smith, M.A., Jeanne Segal, Ph.D., Lawrence Robinson. (2012, July). Overcoming Drug Addiction. Retrieved October 29th, 2012, from helpguide.org: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/drug_abuse_addiction_rehab_treatment.htm• http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/WhoAmI/FindOutMore/Yourbrain/Howdodrugsaffe ctyourbrain/Whatisadrug.aspx• http://kidshealth.org/kid/grow/drugs_alcohol/know_drugs.html