Understanding the
Elements of Sound
and Moving Image
Moving Image Production
Moving Image:
A moving image production, could be classified as a film, television
programme, docu...
Soundtrack:
Since the beginning of film, moving image productions have been
accompanied with music (soundtrack), soundtrac...
Analysis of Musical Ingredients
Composers can use a number of different musical element to achieve a
certain mood or emoti...
The Role of Music: The Underscore acts as an
'unspoken language' and can take many forms,
including:
Illustrative Music
th...
To recording these sounds, composers use microphones, there are many
different types of microphones available for differen...
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Understanding the elements of sound and moving image

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Understanding the elements of sound and moving image

  1. 1. Understanding the Elements of Sound and Moving Image
  2. 2. Moving Image Production Moving Image: A moving image production, could be classified as a film, television programme, documentary, television advert, music video or any type of production that involves a sequence of images moving along to make a full production (similar to a flipbook). Every single year more than 323 new releases in theatres every year, it is important that they are organised in categories to suit every individual’s needs, these categories are called ‘Genres’. There are many different film genres including: Action Adventure Comedy Crime Erotica Faction Fantasy Historical Horror Mystery Paranoid Philosophical Political Romance Saga Satire Science fiction Slice of Life Speculative Thriller Urban
  3. 3. Soundtrack: Since the beginning of film, moving image productions have been accompanied with music (soundtrack), soundtrack is made for the moving image (film) as without the sound, a motion picture would quickly become confusing, boring and pointless. There are different kinds of sound used in film (moving image), and each kind of sound had its own use: Diegetic Sounds- Sounds from your location Non-Diegetic Sounds – Music added through editing (usually to express emotion) Foley Sounds- Pre-recorded natural sounds Digital sounds- sounds made using computer (used in fantasy movies and video games) Live broadcast These mechanisms of sounds are constantly used in the production and purpose of moving images. Soundtracks are usually added into the moving image, during the editing process, this is done in order to get a more accurate and high quality outcome. This means that the people who make soundtracks to moving images must be skilled in certain areas: Must be able to choose the correct equipment and use microphones professionally. Must be able to mix and edit audio correctly Must be able to prepare and create sound in a studio or filming location to a professional standard There are different types of sounds to be created, such as: Dialogue Ambient sounds Voice over Diegetic sounds Non diegetic Action code Underscore Sound effect Instrumental soundtrack
  4. 4. Analysis of Musical Ingredients Composers can use a number of different musical element to achieve a certain mood or emotion through a soundtrack, these can include: Instrumentation The composition of the instruments used in a track. Tempo Tempo is the speed an instrument or sequence should or is played in a track. Dynamics Dynamics is the contrast of the volume of instruments or vocals in a track. Rhythm a Sequence or flow of music through a certain duration Melody A melody is a sequence or a single note that is musically endearing Texture Texture is the feel of an instrument or vocal e.g. (whether it is rough or smooth). Harmony/Key The use of keys at the same time, a key sets the tone of the music Structure the basic layout or form of a track, like things that are repeated or contrasted Technology/SFX technology used to devise a track, like a keyboard
  5. 5. The Role of Music: The Underscore acts as an 'unspoken language' and can take many forms, including: Illustrative Music this is the kind of music that induces mood or experience e.g (fast up-tempo music for an action scene). Evocative Music This is music that has the power to evoke an emotion e.g (violins for sad scenes) Pastiche Music This is music that has been inspired or Interpreted by other artists or pieces e.g (Jason Derulo 'Don’twant to go home') Dramatic use to enhance tension This can be an accumulation of a certain instrument, instrumentals or even vocals that is played in a scene where tension is accumulating. Comic Music Literal Comic music is music that merges or contains elements that are comical to make a piece that has some comedy (this can be done with use of dialogue or sound effects, it is a popular strategy in musicals) Music To Enhance Emotional Impact This is music that adds on the emotional impact in an emotional scene. The Use Of Lietmotifs This is music that is specific to a character or theme, almost like a product with its logo e.g. (Star wars, Dark Vador Music). Diegetic Music This is music that occurs in a certain type of scene.
  6. 6. To recording these sounds, composers use microphones, there are many different types of microphones available for different uses. Dynamic Capacitor Electric Condenser Ribbon Carbon Crystal Tie Clip (Lavier) Rifle Boom Radio PZM (pressure zone microphone) Polar Patterns – Omni Cardioid Hyper Cardioid Figure of 8

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