Swine flu PPT


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Swine flu PPT

  2. 2. CONTENTS <ul><li>What is SWINE FLU? </li></ul><ul><li>2009 out break in humans </li></ul><ul><li>Transmissions </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Preventions </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Swine influenza virus ( SIV ) is any strain of the influenza family of Swine influenza (also called swine flu , hog flu , and pig flu ) is an infection by any one of several types of swine influenza virus. </li></ul>CLASSFICATION Influenza A subtypes H1N1, H1N2, H2N3, H3N1,and H3N2. Influenza C Influenza A WHAT IS SWINE FLU?
  4. 5. 2009 outbreak in humans <ul><ul><li>1918 pandemic in humans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1976 U.S. outbreak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1988 zoonosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998 US outbreak in swine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007 Philippine outbreak in swine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2009 outbreak in humans </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. TRANSMISSIONS Transmissions between pigs Transmissions from pigs to humans Transmissions between humans
  6. 8. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS COMMON Sore throat Head ache Chills Cough Running nose Vomiting Diarrhea CAUSES OF DEATH Respiratory failure Dehydration Electrolyte imbalance Pneumonia High fever
  8. 10. High accuracy screening for Swine Flu / H1 N1 virus
  9. 11. TOP 10 FLU PREVENTIONS METHODS <ul><li>Flu Sots </li></ul><ul><li>Getting your rest </li></ul><ul><li>Washings your hands </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid sudden temperature changes </li></ul><ul><li>Quit smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Keep tour immune systems strong </li></ul><ul><li>Being prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid physical exertion </li></ul><ul><li>Drink plenty of fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Take plenty of vitamin C </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>TAMIFLU is a prescription medication for flu prevention and treatment in adults and children aged 1 year and older . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TAMIFLU is available in pill form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TAMIFLU is also available in a fruit–flavored liquid form with a dosing dispenser for children 1 year and older and for adults who have difficulty swallowing the capsule. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TAMIFLU can be taken with or without food . As with many medicines, if you take TAMIFLU with a light snack, milk, or a meal, the potential for an upset stomach may be reduced. </li></ul></ul>TAMIFLU
  11. 13. MODE OF ACTION: Oseltamivir is a neuraminidase inhibitor, serving as a competitive inhibitor towards sialic acid, found on the surface proteins of normal host cells. By blocking the activity of the neuraminidase, Oseltamivir prevents new viral particles from being released by infected cells. ADVERS EFFECTS Common: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and headache. Rare ADRs include: hepatitis and elevated liver enzymes, rash, allergic reactions including anaphylaxis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome Various other ADRs have been reported in postmarketing surveillance including: toxic epidermal necrolysis, cardiac arrhythmia, seizure, confusion, aggravation of diabetes, and haemorrhagic colitis.
  12. 14. H1N1 VIRUS
  13. 15. TAMIFLU Dosing Schedule <ul><li>For Flu Treatment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take 1 dose, twice daily, for 5 days </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For Flu Prevention: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take 1 dose, once daily, for 10 days </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. TAMIFLU Dosage by Age and Weight 1 Dose= 75 mg 1 Dose= One 75 mg pill 89 lbs or more (41 kg or more) 1 Dose= 60 mg 1 Dose= Two 30 mg pills 52 lbs – 88 lbs (24 kg – 40 kg) 1 Dose= 45 mg 1 Dose= One 45 mg pill 34 lbs – 51 lbs (16 kg – 23 kg) 1 Dose= 30 mg 1 Dose= One 30 mg pill Children 1 – 12 yrs . 33 lbs. or less 1 Dose= 75 mg 1 Dose= One 75 mg pill Adults andChildren 13 yrs. and older Liquid Dosage (using oral dosing dispenser) Pill Dosage Age and Weight
  15. 17. Vaccination 1.Serum Institute of India -Pune  2.Bharat Biotech -Hyderabad   3.Panacea Biotech -New Delhi A single shot of swine flu vaccine protected healthy adults within eight to 10 days, according to a U.S. study that doubles anticipated stockpiles and may help people get immunized faster. Indian companies
  16. 18. Prevention through Complementary and Alternative Medicine     1.    Regular practice of Pranayama (Bastrika and Kapalabhati), will increase the lungs capacity and immunity against any infection especially swine flu.   2.    Home remedies for Swine Flu    a.    Juice of tulsi (basil) with honey  b.    Fresh ginger juice with honey  c.    Clove powder with milk  d.    Cinnamon bark powder with milk/ warm water  e.    Fresh juice of pepper mint / powder with warm water  f.    Cardamomum powder  g.    Turmeric powde r
  17. 19. Common Ayurvedic remedies for Swine Flu     1.    Dasamoola Katutryam Kashayam – An Ayurvedic, pure herbal formula, effective against all types of respiratory infections and poor immunity. It is also good for fever, cough, body pain, etc.  2.    Vyagradi Kashayam – An Ayurvedic, pure herbal formula effective against all types of respiratory infections and fever. This improves lung function, removes toxins from the body, and improves body metabolism.   3.    Kanchanara Guggulu – An herbal Ayurvedic formulation proven effective for improving immunity and lymph gland functions.  4.    Agasthya Rasayanam- Improves the respiratory function and ability.  5.    Chyavanaprash – Improves the general immunity and particularly prevents respiratory infections.   6.    Haridra Kanda – Ayurvedic formulations with turmeric and improves the immunity.   7.    Khadiradi Gutika - Improves the general immunity and particularly prevents respiratory infections.   8.    Ayurveda recommends regular detoxification therapies like purgation, emesis, and medicated smoking .
  18. 20. CONCLUSION Swine flu is a dreadful viral disease caused by H1N1 virus,which Has a greater outbreak in 2009. By effective measures we can prevent this disease and vaccination For this disease is under development. As a PHARMACIST we have to know the mode of spread of this Disease.
  19. 21. THANK U