List of Prohibited Pesticides
                Sustainable Agriculture Network



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Sustainable Agriculture Network                 -    Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009)




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Sustainable Agriculture Network                         -      Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009)



         The Sust...
Sustainable Agriculture Network                    -      Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009)


Pesticide Action Networ...
Sustainable Agriculture Network                 -   Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009)


                             ...
Sustainable Agriculture Network                 -   Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009)


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Sustainable Agriculture Network                      -   Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009)


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Sustainable Agriculture Network                           -     Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009)


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San prohibited pesticide list april 2009

  1. 1. List of Prohibited Pesticides Sustainable Agriculture Network April 2009 © Sustainable Agriculture Network Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN): Conservación y Desarrollo (C&D), Ecuador · Fundación Interamericana de Investigación Tropical (FIIT), Guatemala · Fundación Natura, Colombia · ICADE, Honduras · IMAFLORA, Brazil · Pronatura Sur, Mexico · Rainforest Alliance · SalvaNatura, El Salvador
  2. 2. Sustainable Agriculture Network - Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009) Copies of this document are available for free in electronic format at any Sustainable Agriculture Network member or at the Rainforest Alliance website: www.rainforest-alliance.org If you are not able to access electronically this document, you may write to us at the following address to get hard copies at a reasonable cost-covering price: Sustainable Agriculture Network Secretariat Rainforest Alliance P.O. Box 11029 1000 San José Costa Rica Please send your comments or suggestions concerning this Sustainable Agriculture Network Standards & Policy document to: agstandards@ra.org Or via regular mail to: Sustainable Agriculture Network Secretariat Rainforest Alliance P.O. Box 11029 1000 San José Costa Rica SAN Prohibited Pesticide List April 2009 2
  3. 3. Sustainable Agriculture Network - Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009) The Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) is a coalition of independent non-profit conservation organizations that promote the social and environmental sustainability of agricultural activities by developing standards. A Certification Body certifies farms that comply with SAN’s standards. Each inspection body - authorized by a Certification Body - provides audit services for farmers and agricultural companies in their respective countries. SAN members also offer their knowledge and experience in working towards the development of the Sustainable Agriculture Standard. Rainforest Alliance currently holds the Secretariat for the Sustainable Agriculture Network and coordinates the development and review of standards and related policies for the SAN. Rainforest Alliance also administers the Rainforest Alliance Certified™ trademark. The Sustainable Agriculture Standard (version April 2009, Sustainable Agriculture Network) prohibits the use of several pesticides on Rainforest Alliance Certified™ farms determined by international lists of reference. If use of these pesticides on Rainforest Alliance Certified™ farms is detected during audits, this consequently leads to the cancelling of Rainforest Alliance Certified™ certification as defined by SAN’s Farm Certification Policy (version April 2009). This SAN standards and policy document is binding for Rainforest Alliance Certified™ farm certification. It updates sources for critical criterion 8.4. It also provides a complete list of pesticides currently prohibited or to be phased out on Rainforest Alliance Certified™ farms. The wording of criterion 8.4 (version April 2009, Sustainable Agriculture Standard) is: 8.4 Critical Criterion. The following chemical or biological substances cannot be used on certified farms: a. Biological or organic substances that are not legally registered in the country for commercial use. b. Agrochemicals that are not registered officially in the country. c. Agrochemicals that are mentioned in the List of Banned and Severely Restricted Pesticides in the U.S. by its Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or pesticides banned or severely restricted in the European Union. d. Substances that have been banned globally under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). e. Substances listed in Annex III of the Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent (PIC), in relation to national bans or severe restrictions for documented health or environmental reasons in at least two regions of the World. f. All Pesticide Action Network Dirty Dozen substances. Updated respective references for 8.4.c, d, e & f are: European Commission. Health & Consumer Protection Directorate - General. Directive 79/117/EEC, Council Regulation 805/2004/EC, Directive 91/414/EEC and regulation (EC) of the European Parliament and of the Council No. 689/2008 http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/protection/evaluation/exist_subs_rep_en.htm European Commission Joint Research Centre. Institute for Health and Consumer Protection. http://edexim.jrc.it/ SAN Prohibited Pesticide List April 2009 3
  4. 4. Sustainable Agriculture Network - Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009) Pesticide Action Network. Dirty Dozen pesticides: http://www.pesticideinfo.org/Docs/ref_toxicity7.html#DirtyDozen Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade: http://www.pic.int/home.php?type=t&id=29&sid=30 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). http://www.pic.int/home.php?type=t&id=29&sid=30 United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Restricted and Canceled Uses of Pesticides. www.epa.gov/pesticides/regulating/restricted.htm#restricted The following table lists 98 active ingredients and the respective sources based on critical criterion 8.4 of the Sustainable Agriculture Standard. The SAN regulatory status is referenced in the last column on the right. Since the publication of the November 2005 SAN standard and additional criteria, 84 of these substances have not been permitted to be used on Rainforest Alliance Certified™ farms (Referenced as: Prohibited since November 2005). SAN’s International Standards Committee decided during its meeting in May 2008 to update some of the reference lists for criterion 8.4. The main reference list for pesticides prohibited by the European Commission is based on Directive 91/414/EEC reflected in Regulation (EC) of the European Parliament and of the Council No. 689/2008 – more specifically Annex’ I Parts 2 and 31. Pesticides included in Annex’ I Part 1 - but not listed in Annex’ I Parts 2 and 3 - are not mentioned in this document. Industrial Chemicals do not form part of this list either. This has led to an addition of 14 new substances in the following table in comparison with the first version of the list. Rainforest Alliance Certified™ farms have to phase-out the use of these 14 substances within the next three years, meaning that their use is not permitted after June 30, 2011 (Referenced as: 3-year phase-out (limit June 30, 2011)): European PAN6 Dirty SAN Regulatory Active Ingredient EPA2 POP4 PIC5 Union3 Dozen Status 1. 1,2-dibromoethane (ethylene Prohibited since dibromide) X X X X November 2005 2. 1,2-dichloroethane (ethylene Prohibited since dichloride) X X X November 2005 3. 2,3,4,5-bis(2-butylene) Prohibited since tetrahydro-2-furaldehyde X November 2005 [repellent-11] 4. 2,4,5-T (2,4,5- trichlorophenoxyacetic acid) Prohibited since and its salts and esters X X X November 2005 (dioxin contamination) 1 39 of the Annex’ I List 1 substances, which were included in the July 2008 version of SAN Prohibited Pesticide List are not longer included. 2 U.S. List of "Banned" or "Severely Restricted" Pesticides and U.N. PIC Pesticides 3 Pesticides banned or severely restricted in EU as a consequence of the application of Directive 79/117/EEC, Council Regulation 805/2004/EC and Directive 91/414/EEC 4 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants 5 Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent 6 Pesticide Action Network SAN Prohibited Pesticide List April 2009 4
  5. 5. Sustainable Agriculture Network - Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009) European PAN Dirty SAN Regulatory Active Ingredient EPA POP PIC Union Dozen Status 5. 2,4,5-TCP (potassium Prohibited since 2,4,5-trichlorophenate) X November 2005 Prohibited since 6. acephate X November 2005 3-year phase-out 7. alachlor X (limit June 30, 2011) Prohibited since 8. aldicarb X November 2005 Prohibited since 9. aldrin X X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 10. amitraz X November 2005 11. arsenic compounds (EPA: arsenic trioxide; calcium, Prohibited since copper, lead and sodium X X November 2005 arsenate; sodium arsenite) Prohibited since 12. atrazine X November 2005 Prohibited since 13. binapacryl X X November 2005 Prohibited since 14. bromoxynil X November 2005 Prohibited since 15. butylate X November 2005 16. cadmium and its Prohibited since compounds X November 2005 3-year phase-out 17. cadusafos (ebufos) X (limit June 30, 2011) X (gra- Prohibited since 18. captafol nular X November 2005 only) 3-year phase-out 19. carbaryl X (limit June 30, 2011) 3-year phase-out (limit June 30, 2011) for formulations other than 20. carbofuran X X granular ones (already Prohibited since November 2005) Prohibited since 21. carbon tetrachloride X November 2005 3-year phase-out (limit 22. carbosulfan X June 30, 2011) Prohibited since 23. chloranil X November 2005 Prohibited since 24. chlordane X X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 25. chlordecone (kepone) X November 2005 Prohibited since 26. chlordimeform X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 27. chlorfenapyr X November 2005 Prohibited since 28. chlorobenzilate X X X X November 2005 29. chloromethoxypropyl- Prohibited since mercuric-acetate (CPMA) X November 2005 Prohibited since 30. chlozolinate X November 2005 SAN Prohibited Pesticide List April 2009 5
  6. 6. Sustainable Agriculture Network - Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009) European PAN Dirty SAN Regulatory Active Ingredient EPA POP PIC Union Dozen Status 31. cyhalothrine (but not Prohibited since lambda isomers of X November 2005 cyhalothrin) Prohibited since 32. daminozide (alar) X November 2005 Prohibited since 33. DBCP X X November 2005 Prohibited since 34. DDT X X X X November 2005 35. dicofol containing less than 78% p,p*-Dicofol or >1 g/kg Prohibited since of DDT and DDT related X November 2005 compounds Prohibited since 36. dieldrin X X X X X November 2005 3-year phase-out 37. dimethenamid X (limit June 30, 2011) 38. dinoseb, its acetate and Prohibited since dinoseb salts X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 39. dinoterb X November 2005 40. di (phenylmercury) Prohibited since dodecenylsuccinate X November 2005 (PMDS) 41. DNOC (dinitro-ortho-cresol) Prohibited since and its salts (ammonium, X X X X November 2005 potassium, sodium) 42. Dustable powder formulations containing a combination of: benomyl at Prohibited since or above 7%, carbofuran at X X November 2005 or above 10%, thiram at or above 5% (PIC: 15%) 3-year phase-out 43. endosulfan X (limit June 30, 2011) Prohibited since 44. endrin X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 45. EPN X November 2005 Prohibited since 46. ethylene oxide (oxirane) X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 47. ethyl hexyleneglycol X November 2005 Prohibited since 48. fenthion X November 2005 Prohibited since 49. fentin acetate X November 2005 Prohibited since 50. fentin hydroxide X November 2005 Prohibited since 51. fenvalerate X November 2005 Prohibited since 52. ferbam X November 2005 Prohibited since 53. fluoroacetamide X X X November 2005 54. haloxyfop-R (haloxyfop-P- 3-year phase-out methyl-ester) X (limit June 30, 2011) SAN Prohibited Pesticide List April 2009 6
  7. 7. Sustainable Agriculture Network - Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009) European PAN Dirty SAN Regulatory Active Ingredient EPA POP PIC Union Dozen Status 55. HCH mixed isomers Prohibited since (containing less than 99.0% X X X November 2005 of the gamma isomer) Prohibited since 56. heptachlor X X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 57. hexachlorobenzene (HCB) X X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 58. leptophos X November 2005 Prohibited since 59. lindane (gamma-HCH) X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 60. malathion X November 2005 61. maleic hydrazide and its salts, other than choline, potassium and sodium salts; choline, potassium Prohibited since and sodium salts; maleic X November 2005 hydrazide containing more than 1 mg/kg of free hydrazine expressed on the basis of the acid equivalent 62. Mercury compounds (including mercuric oxide, mercurous chloride (calomel), phenylmercury acetate (PMA), Prohibited since phenylmercuric oleate X X X November 2005 (PMO) other inorganic mercury compounds: alkyl mercury, alkoxyalkyl and aryl mercury compounds) X (600 X (600 g/l (SL) g/l (SL) formu- formu- Prohibited since 63. methamidophos lation X lation November 2005 and and higher) higher) 64. methyl parathion (parathion Prohibited since methyl) X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 65. mevinphos X November 2005 Prohibited since 66. mirex X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 67. monocrotophos X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 68. monolinuron X November 2005 Prohibited since 69. monuron X November 2005 Prohibited since 70. nitrofen X X November 2005 3-year phase-out (limit 71. nonylphenol ethoxylates X June 30, 2011) 72. OMPA Prohibited since (octamethylpyrophosphoramide) X November 2005 3-year phase-out (limit 73. oxydemeton-methyl X June 30, 2011) SAN Prohibited Pesticide List April 2009 7
  8. 8. Sustainable Agriculture Network - Prohibited Pesticide List (April 2009) European PAN Dirty SAN Regulatory Active Ingredient EPA POP PIC Union Dozen Status Prohibited since 74. paraquat X November 2005 Prohibited since 75. parathion X X X X November 2005 76. pentachlorophenol, its salts Prohibited since and esters X X X X November 2005 Prohibited since 77. permethrin X November 2005 3-year phase-out (limit 78. phosalone X June 30, 2011) X X (1000 (1000 g/l (SL) g/l (SL) Prohibited since 79. phosphamidon formu- X formu- November 2005 lation lation and and higher) higher) 80. polychlorinated biphenyls Prohibited since PCB (except mono-and November 2005 dichlorinated) X Prohibited since 81. propham X November 2005 Prohibited since 82. pyrazophos X November 2005 Prohibited since 83. pyriminil (vacor) X November 2005 Prohibited since 84. quintozene X November 2005 Prohibited since 85. safrole X November 2005 Prohibited since 86. silvex X November 2005 Prohibited since 87. simazine X November 2005 Prohibited since 88. TDE X November 2005 Prohibited since 89. technazene X November 2005 90. terpene polychlorinates Prohibited since (strobane) X November 2005 Prohibited since 91. thallium sulphate X X November 2005 3-year phase-out (limit 92. thiodicarb X June 30, 2011) Prohibited since 93. toxaphene (camphechlor) X X X X X November 2005 3-year phase-out (limit 94. triazophos X June 30, 2011) 3-year phase-out (limit 95. trichlorfon X June 30, 2011) 96. triorganostannic Prohibited since compounds (tributyltin X X November 2005 compounds) Prohibited since 97. vinyl chloride X November 2005 Prohibited since 98. zineb X November 2005 The former table will be updated once a year implementing the respective decisions of the International Standards Committee. Newly added substances will be subject to a three-year phase out from the date of the SAN update. Once this phase-out period has ended the use of these substances is not permitted on Rainforest Alliance Certified™ farms. SAN Prohibited Pesticide List April 2009 8

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