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Ae bc ppt21

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Ae bc ppt21

  1. 1. Recap 1© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Recap In the previous lesson you learnt to: • Further practise telephoning phrasal verbs • Check the status of an order on the telephone • Complain about a delivery on the telephone For Aptech Centre Use Only
  2. 2. Step by Step For Aptech Centre Use Only
  3. 3. At the end of this lesson you will be able to: • Analyse the impact of globalisation and outsourcing and use appropriate vocabulary to give their opinions on the issues • Identify active and passive sentences and understand how to form passive sentences • Understand the role of the passive voice in describing processes 3© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Learning Objectives For Aptech Centre Use Only
  4. 4. • What do you understand by the terms globalisation and outsourcing? • Share some specific examples with your group. 4© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Globalisation and Outsourcing For Aptech Centre Use Only
  5. 5. Reading Skills 5© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Skim Reading Read the following short text quickly (skim the text) and see whether the ideas you discussed were mentioned. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  6. 6. Reading Skills 6© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Skim Reading Identify the information quickly and write the relevant paragraph number in the table below. Topic Paragraph no. future growth 4 social networking sites .... outsourcing .... countries being interdependent .... aims and objectives .... global warming and other crises .... Growth in infrastructure and technology .... world class brands and services .... job cuts and testing times .... social, cultural and political exchanges ....For Aptech Centre Use Only
  7. 7. Reading Skills 7© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Skim Reading Answers Topic Paragraph no. future growth 4 social networking sites 2 outsourcing 3 countries being interdependent 4 aims and objectives 1 global warming and other crises 2 Growth in infrastructure and technology 1 world class brands and services 2 job cuts and testing times 3 social, cultural and political exchanges 1For Aptech Centre Use Only
  8. 8. Read the sentences which present some key globalisation vocabulary in context. Choose the definition of the highlighted words from the list below. a. abundant wealth b. just beginning to exist or be noticed c. to use an event or a situation to help you to achieve something or to get an advantage d. the use of something such as fuel or energy, or the amount that people use e. relating to a country's money and to the systems that a country uses for controlling its money supply f. the process of combining with other things in a single larger unit or system g. never having happened or existed before h. move faster i. the situation of being successful and having a lot of money j. Very great 8© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Globalisation Vocabulary For Aptech Centre Use Only
  9. 9. Answers a. abundant wealth - affluence b. just beginning to exist or be noticed - emerging c. to use an event or a situation to help you to achieve something or to get an advantage - capitalise d. the use of something such as fuel or energy, or the amount that people use - consumption e. relating to a country's money and to the systems that a country uses for controlling its money supply - Monetary f. the process of combining with other things in a single larger unit or system - integration g. never having happened or existed before - unprecedented h. move faster - accelerating i. the situation of being successful and having a lot of money - prosperity j. Very great - profound 9© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Globalisation Vocabulary For Aptech Centre Use Only
  10. 10. Grammar 10© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Active and Passive Read these sentences from the text. Globalisation is described as the increase in economy The effect of globalisation can be seen in the dynamism… …ideas, views, opinions and thoughts are exchanged • The verbs in these sentences are all in the passive voice. This means that the subject of the sentence received rather than performed the action. • In the above examples, the subjects are underlined. • The agent (person who thing who performed the action) is not stated because it is understood, for example, globalisation is described by people in general or people who speak about globalisation.For Aptech Centre Use Only
  11. 11. Grammar 11© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Active and Passive The passive voice is formed as follows: • It is important to remember that the passive voice is NOT a tense. • We can make passive sentences in any tense just as we can make active sentences in any tense. Verb ‘to be’ in the relevant tense Past Participle Subject (by + agent)+ + For Aptech Centre Use Only
  12. 12. Change this sentence into the tense given. It is the verb ‘to be’ that changes, not the main verb, which stays in the past participle. Present Simple: Kites are made in this factory. Present Continuous: _____________________________________________________ Present Perfect: ________________________________________________________ Past Simple: ___________________________________________________________ Past Continuous: ________________________________________________________ Past Perfect: ___________________________________________________________ 12© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise For Aptech Centre Use Only
  13. 13. Answers Present Simple: Kites are made in this factory. Present Continuous: _____________________________________________________ Present Perfect: ________________________________________________________ Past Simple: ___________________________________________________________ Past Continuous: ________________________________________________________ Past Perfect: ___________________________________________________________ 13© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Kites are being made in this factory. Kites have been made in this factory. Kites were made in this factory. Kites were being made in this factory. Kites had been made in this factory. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  14. 14. A. Decide whether these sentences are in the active voice or passive voice. Write A or P next to each one. 1. The courtyard was built by Mr Shami. 2. The dog is always chasing the cat. 3. The report has been finalized. 4. Isabel was allowed to take the copies home. 5. The preparations for the wedding are being handled by Rima. 6. Heart disease is considered the leading cause of death in the United States. 7. The noise of the screeching car frightened the children. 8. The letters are written in French by Simone and translated into English by Rita. 9. She had spoken about the missing objects in her last conversation. 10. Someone stole Judy’s purse last night. 14© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise For Aptech Centre Use Only
  15. 15. A. Answers 1. The courtyard was built by Mr Shami. P 2. The dog is always chasing the cat. A 3. The report has been finalized. P 4. Isabel was allowed to take the copies home. P 5. The preparations for the wedding are being handled by Rima. P 6. Heart disease is considered the leading cause of death in the United States. P 7. The noise of the screeching car frightened the children. A 8. The letters are written in French by Simone and translated into English by Rita. P 9. She had spoken about the missing objects in her last conversation. A 10. Someone stole Judy’s purse last night. A 15© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise For Aptech Centre Use Only
  16. 16. B. Read the sentences again and write down which tense each sentence is in. 1. __________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________ 4. __________________________________________ 5. __________________________________________ 6. __________________________________________ 7. __________________________________________ 8. __________________________________________ 9. __________________________________________ 10. __________________________________________ 16© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise For Aptech Centre Use Only
  17. 17. B. Answers 1. __________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________ 4. __________________________________________ 5. __________________________________________ 6. __________________________________________ 7. __________________________________________ 8. __________________________________________ 9. __________________________________________ 10. __________________________________________ 17© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Past Simple Present Continuous Present Continuous Past Simple Present Continuous Present Simple Past Simple Present Simple Past Perfect Past Simple For Aptech Centre Use Only
  18. 18. C. Now change the sentences from exercise 21.3.2 A from active to passive or from passive to active. Do not change the tense. 1. _______________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________________ 5. _______________________________________________________________ 6. _______________________________________________________________ 7. _______________________________________________________________ 8. _______________________________________________________________ 9. _______________________________________________________________ 10. _______________________________________________________________ 18© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise For Aptech Centre Use Only
  19. 19. C. Answers 1. _______________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________________ 5. _______________________________________________________________ 6. _______________________________________________________________ 7. _______________________________________________________________ 8. _______________________________________________________________ 9. _______________________________________________________________ 10. _______________________________________________________________ 19© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Mr Shami built the courtyard. The cat is always being chased by the dog. Someone has finalized the report. They allowed Isabel to take the copies home. Rima is handling the preparations for the wedding. People consider heart disease the leading cause of death in the United States. The children were frightened by the noise of the screeching car. Simone writes the letters in French and Rita translates them into English. The missing objects were spoken about in her last conversation. Judy’s purse was stolen last night.For Aptech Centre Use Only
  20. 20. Reading Skills 20© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Describing Processes Read the description of the process of tea production. Underline TEN examples of the passive voice. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  21. 21. Listening Skills • Business Process Outsourcing has been a source of opportunity and prosperity for many people in countries like India. • You are going to listen to interviews with three people who work in BPO industries. 21© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Lifestyle Changes of a BPO Worker For Aptech Centre Use Only
  22. 22. Listening Skills • Before you listen, predict whether their lives have changed for the better or worse since joining the industry. 22© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Listening For Aptech Centre Use Only
  23. 23. Listening Skills Who …? (Write Su for Suzanne, Jo for Joanne or Ri for Richard) 1. Still does some work for a previous employer ___________ 2. Thinks people don’t know much about the BPO industry ___________ 3. Has found their current job allows them time to study ___________ 4. Has managed to buy their own house ___________ 5. Feels they have got more freedom now ___________ 6. Believes people should take every chance they get ___________ 7. Feels that there are many similarities between jobs ___________ 8. Talks about job security ___________ 9. Found it difficult to manage financially in their previous job ___________ 10. Emphasises the professionalism of the industry ___________ 23© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE While Listening… For Aptech Centre Use Only
  24. 24. Listening Skills Answers 1. Still does some work for a previous employer ___________ 2. Thinks people don’t know much about the BPO industry ___________ 3. Has found their current job allows them time to study ___________ 4. Has managed to buy their own house ___________ 5. Feels they have got more freedom now ___________ 6. Believes people should take every chance they get ___________ 7. Feels that there are many similarities between jobs ___________ 8. Talks about job security ___________ 9. Found it difficult to manage financially in their previous job ___________ 10. Emphasises the professionalism of the industry ___________ 24© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE While Listening… Jo Jo Jo Su Su Su Su Ri, Su Ri Ri For Aptech Centre Use Only
  25. 25. Listening Skills • Would you like to work in the BPO industry? Why? Why not? • If you or anyone you know is already working in the industry, share your experiences with the group. 25© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Post Listening For Aptech Centre Use Only
  26. 26. 26© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 1. Which of the following are passive sentences? Sr. no. Statement 1 The letter is being written by John. 2 Someone will finish the work by 5.00 PM. 3 The work will be finished by 5.00 PM today. 4 John is writing the letter. 5 The bills used to be paid by Tom. 6 Tom used to pay the bills. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  27. 27. 27© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 1. Answers Sr. no. Statement 1 The letter is being written by John. 2 Someone will finish the work by 5.00 PM. 3 The work will be finished by 5.00 PM today. 4 John is writing the letter. 5 The bills used to be paid by Tom. 6 Tom used to pay the bills. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  28. 28. 28© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 2. Are these sentences true or false? Sr. no. Statement 1 A passive sentence can only be in the present or past tenses. 2 In passive sentences we need some form of the verb ‘to be’. 3 In passive sentences it is not necessary to say who performed the action. 4 In active sentences the subject receives rather than performs the action. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  29. 29. 29© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 2. Answers Sr. no. Statement 1 A passive sentence can only be in the present or past tenses. FALSE 2 In passive sentences we need some form of the verb ‘to be’. TRUE 3 In passive sentences it is not necessary to say who performed the action. TRUE 4 In active sentences the subject receives rather than performs the action. FALSE For Aptech Centre Use Only
  30. 30. 30© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE In a Nutshell… In this lesson you learnt to: • Analyse the impact of globalisation and outsourcing and use appropriate vocabulary to give their opinion on the issues • Identify active and passive sentences and understand how to form passive sentences • Understand the role of the passive voice in describing processes For Aptech Centre Use Only
  31. 31. 31 Thank You © Aptech Training Ltd. FZE For Aptech Centre Use Only

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