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Recap
1© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Recap
In the previous lesson you learnt to:
• Use negotiating expressions to take part i...
Work Culture
For Aptech Centre Use Only
At the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Define corporate culture in detail
• Describe the work culture of your wo...
4© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Defining Corporate Culture
Corporate culture refers to the shared
values, attitudes, standards...
5© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
The following sentences could describe a company’s culture:
1. We don’t have a dress ...
6© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
Match the words and expressions to the definitions.
Words/Expressions Definition
1. d...
7© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
Answers
Words/Expressions Definition
1. dress code g. a set of rules about what you c...
Speaking Skills
8© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
• Which of the statements 1 to 8 of 4.1.1 are true for your company o...
9© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
KnowYour Company
• Rate the statements on aspects of corporate culture as follows:
• The scale...
10© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Defining Relative Clauses
Look at these sentences:
1. Google is a company that values creativ...
11© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Defining Relative Clauses
• In a defining relative clause the relative clause DEFINES the nou...
12© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Defining Relative Clauses
A relative clause can be used for a noun which is not already clear...
Writing Skills
13© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
Do you think these nouns or noun phrases will be followed by a defini...
Writing Skills
14© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
Answers
• The computer
• Daniel Martin
• The blond curly-haired Swedi...
15© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Relative Pronoun
In these two sentences the relative pronoun can be omitted (left out). The n...
16© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Relative Pronoun
In the other two examples, the relative pronoun is necessary because the nou...
17© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Relative Pronoun
Decide whether the relative pronoun is necessary or optional in these senten...
18© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Relative Pronoun
Answers
a. This is the most boring place I’ve ever been to.
b. There’s a bus...
19© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
Complete these sentences using defining relative clauses.
1. I work for the sort of ...
Listening Skills
Listen to four people talking about the culture of their workplace.
• Lauren
• Luke
• Hilary
• Samira
20©...
21© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Working Out NewVocabulary From Context
Look at the words and phrases and match them to their ...
22© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Working Out NewVocabulary From Context
Look at the words and phrases and match them to their ...
23© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Working Out NewVocabulary From Context
Answers
Words/Phrases Meaning
1. Male-dominated g. con...
24© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Working Out NewVocabulary From Context
Answers
Words/Phrases Meaning
7. Behind their back a. ...
25© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
Who…?
1. Works with lots of different types of people _________________________
2. W...
26© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Exercise
Answers
1. Works with lots of different types of people _________________________
2....
27© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Talking About the Culture of YourWorkplace
• In groups talk about your workplace in a similar...
28© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Talking About the Culture of YourWorkplace
• After everyone has spoken for about 2 minutes, d...
29© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Test Your Knowledge
1. Are these correct or not? If not, correct them.
Sentences
1 Keith is t...
30© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Test Your Knowledge
1. Answers
Sentences
1 Keith is the man who supervises the factory staff....
31© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
Test Your Knowledge
2. Write down the meanings of theses words/phrases.
Words/phrases
1 Behin...
Words/phrases
1 Do or say something unkind without the person knowing.
2 Including people from many different cultures or ...
33© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
In a Nutshell…
In this lesson you learnt to:
• Define corporate culture in detail
• Describe ...
34
Thank You
© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE
For Aptech Centre Use Only
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Ae bc ppt04

  1. 1. Recap 1© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Recap In the previous lesson you learnt to: • Use negotiating expressions to take part in the negotiation of a class contract • Take part in a group presentation • Use appropriate body language for a presentation and negotiation For Aptech Centre Use Only
  2. 2. Work Culture For Aptech Centre Use Only
  3. 3. At the end of this lesson you will be able to: • Define corporate culture in detail • Describe the work culture of your workplace • Identify and use defining relative clauses 3© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Learning Objectives For Aptech Centre Use Only
  4. 4. 4© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Defining Corporate Culture Corporate culture refers to the shared values, attitudes, standards and beliefs that characterise members of an organisation and define its nature. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  5. 5. 5© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise The following sentences could describe a company’s culture: 1. We don’t have a dress code. 2. Each new member of staff has a mentor. 3. We are expected to do things by the book. 4. Our directors have a clear vision. 5. Employees are quite competitive with each other. 6. We have an entrepreneurial culture. 7. Job sharing is permitted at all levels. 8. Even senior managers are willing to get their hands dirty.For Aptech Centre Use Only
  6. 6. 6© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Match the words and expressions to the definitions. Words/Expressions Definition 1. dress code a. a person who gives you help and support 2. mentor b. according to the rules 3. by the book c. wanting very much to win or be more successful than other people 4. vision d. involving risk taking 5. competitive e. to divide the duties and the pay of one job between two people who work at different times during the day or week 6. entrepreneurial f. involved in all parts of a job even the less pleasant parts 7. job sharing g. a set of rules about what you can wear 8. get their hands dirty h. a view of how the company will be in the futureFor Aptech Centre Use Only
  7. 7. 7© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Answers Words/Expressions Definition 1. dress code g. a set of rules about what you can wear 2. mentor a. a person who gives you help and support 3. by the book b. according to the rules 4. vision h. a view of how the company will be in the future 5. competitive c. wanting very much to win or be more successful than other people 6. entrepreneurial d. involving risk taking 7. job sharing e. to divide the duties and the pay of one job between two people who work at different times during the day or week 8. get their hands dirty f. involved in all parts of a job even the less pleasant partsFor Aptech Centre Use Only
  8. 8. Speaking Skills 8© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise • Which of the statements 1 to 8 of 4.1.1 are true for your company or a company you know well? • Discuss with your group. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  9. 9. 9© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE KnowYour Company • Rate the statements on aspects of corporate culture as follows: • The scale is 1 to 3 where 1 = Disagree; 2 = Neutral; 3 = Agree Points Your Opinion 20 - 30 • You prefer to work in a more flexible work atmosphere. • You believe in interacting directly with the person concerned. 15 - 20 • You accept the organisation style as it is. • You go with the tide and never voice your opinion about the work culture. < 15 • You would rather want to be in a company that follows traditional workstyle. • You feel more secured when all activities in the office are done in a formal manner.For Aptech Centre Use Only
  10. 10. 10© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Defining Relative Clauses Look at these sentences: 1. Google is a company that values creativity. 2. I have a manager who likes giving orders. 3. I’m looking for a job which pays well. The part of the sentence in italics is a defining relative clause. This provides more information about the noun in bold. The underlined word is the relative pronoun. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  11. 11. 11© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Defining Relative Clauses • In a defining relative clause the relative clause DEFINES the noun. It tells us what the company, manager or job is like. • The relative pronoun that can replace who or which in the sentences. Which can replace that in the first sentence i.e. ‘Google is a company that values creativity’. • A defining relative clause has no commas. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  12. 12. 12© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Defining Relative Clauses A relative clause can be used for a noun which is not already clearly defined, such as chair, boy, picture or dog. We need more information to determine which chair, boy, picture or dog we are talking about. • That is the chair (which) my parents gave me. (Not the one I bought myself) • We know the boy that won the race. (Not the boy that lost) • She uploaded the picture (which) she took at the beach. (Not the one she took in the café) • The dog that bit me was black and white. (Not brown) If a noun is fully defined already, including it’s named, you will use the other type of relative clause (non-defining), which will be discussed later.For Aptech Centre Use Only
  13. 13. Writing Skills 13© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Do you think these nouns or noun phrases will be followed by a defining relative clause? Tick () or cross () them. • The computer • Daniel Martin • The blond curly-haired Swedish boy • Coca cola • The tree • The maple tree in my back garden For Aptech Centre Use Only
  14. 14. Writing Skills 14© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Answers • The computer • Daniel Martin • The blond curly-haired Swedish boy • Coca cola • The tree • The maple tree in my back garden       For Aptech Centre Use Only
  15. 15. 15© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Relative Pronoun In these two sentences the relative pronoun can be omitted (left out). The noun that the relative clause provides gives more information about the OBJECT not the subject of the sentence. That is the chair (which) my parents gave me. She uploaded the picture (which) she took at the beach. object subject object subject For Aptech Centre Use Only
  16. 16. 16© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Relative Pronoun In the other two examples, the relative pronoun is necessary because the noun it defines is the SUBJECT of the sentence. We know the boy that won the race. The dog that bit me was black and white. subject subject For Aptech Centre Use Only
  17. 17. 17© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Relative Pronoun Decide whether the relative pronoun is necessary or optional in these sentences. Cross it out if it is optional. a. This is the most boring place that I’ve ever been to. b. There’s a bus that goes from in front of my house to the hospital. c. Saul said it’s the best job that he’s ever had. d. Was it you who started singing at 3 AM? e. What’s the worst thing that could happen? f. My Maths teacher is the person who I admire most in the world. Note: When that is used as a relative pronoun it is pronounced /ðət/ For Aptech Centre Use Only
  18. 18. 18© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Relative Pronoun Answers a. This is the most boring place I’ve ever been to. b. There’s a bus that goes from in front of my house to the hospital. c. Saul said it’s the best job he’s ever had. d. Was it you who started singing at 3 AM? e. What’s the worst thing that could happen? f. My Maths teacher is the person I admire most in the world. Note: When that is used as a relative pronoun it is pronounced /ðət/ For Aptech Centre Use Only
  19. 19. 19© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Complete these sentences using defining relative clauses. 1. I work for the sort of company that… _______________________________________________________________________ 2. Mine is the sort of job that… _______________________________________________________________________ 3. My boss is the sort of person who… _______________________________________________________________________ 4. I have an office which… _______________________________________________________________________For Aptech Centre Use Only
  20. 20. Listening Skills Listen to four people talking about the culture of their workplace. • Lauren • Luke • Hilary • Samira 20© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Listening Exercise For Aptech Centre Use Only
  21. 21. 21© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Working Out NewVocabulary From Context Look at the words and phrases and match them to their meanings. Words/Phrases Meaning 1. Male-dominated a. do or say something unkind without the person knowing 2. Isolated b. someone who listens and understands when you talk about your problems 3. Colourful c. alone, with no one to support you 4. Intense d. (in this context) high energy, pressurised and not relaxed 5. Competitive e. in a friendly and peaceful way 6. Boasting f. including people from many different cultures or racesFor Aptech Centre Use Only
  22. 22. 22© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Working Out NewVocabulary From Context Look at the words and phrases and match them to their meanings. Words/Phrases Meaning 7. Behind their back g. controlled mainly by men or consisting mainly of men 8. Close-knit h. to proudly tell other people about what you have done or can do or about something you own, especially in order to make them admire you 9. A shoulder to cry on i. consisting of people who do a lot of activities together and look after one another 10. Diverse j. (in this context) rude 11. Harmoniously k. to have just enough of something such as money or knowledge so that you can do what you need to do 12. Get by l. always trying to be more successful than other peopleFor Aptech Centre Use Only
  23. 23. 23© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Working Out NewVocabulary From Context Answers Words/Phrases Meaning 1. Male-dominated g. controlled mainly by men or consisting mainly of men 2. Isolated c. Alone, with no one to support you 3. Colourful j. (in this context) rude 4. Intense d. (in this context) high energy, pressurised and not relaxed 5. Competitive l. Always trying to be more successful than other people 6. Boasting h. to proudly tell other people about what you have done or can do or about something you own, especially in order to make them admire youFor Aptech Centre Use Only
  24. 24. 24© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Working Out NewVocabulary From Context Answers Words/Phrases Meaning 7. Behind their back a. Do or say something unkind without the person knowing 8. Close-knit i. consisting of people who do a lot of activities together and look after one another 9. A shoulder to cry on b. Someone who listens and understands when you talk about your problems 10. Diverse f. including people from many different cultures or races 11. Harmoniously e. In a friendly and peaceful way 12. Get by k. to have just enough of something such as money or knowledge so that you can do what you need to doFor Aptech Centre Use Only
  25. 25. 25© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Who…? 1. Works with lots of different types of people _________________________ 2. Works with sympathetic people _________________________ 3. Doesn’t always enjoy being with their co-workers _________________________ 4. Works in an office where people like to show their skills _________________________ 5. Is not very motivated by money _________________________ 6. Doesn’t seem to like their work environment very much _________________________ 7. Says their work environment is welcoming _________________________ 8. Seems to have a good work-life balance _________________________ 9. Doesn’t have much privacy at work _________________________ 10. Would probably like to discuss different topics at work _________________________For Aptech Centre Use Only
  26. 26. 26© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Exercise Answers 1. Works with lots of different types of people _________________________ 2. Works with sympathetic people _________________________ 3. Doesn’t always enjoy being with their co-workers _________________________ 4. Works in an office where people like to show their skills _________________________ 5. Is not very motivated by money _________________________ 6. Doesn’t seem to like their work environment very much _________________________ 7. Says their work environment is welcoming _________________________ 8. Seems to have a good work-life balance _________________________ 9. Doesn’t have much privacy at work _________________________ 10. Would probably like to discuss different topics at work _________________________ Samira Hilary Lauren Luke Hilary and/or Samira Luke Hilary Samira Luke LaurenFor Aptech Centre Use Only
  27. 27. 27© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Talking About the Culture of YourWorkplace • In groups talk about your workplace in a similar way to the speakers you listened to. • Think about – Dress code – Forms of address – Whether offices are tidy, cluttered, personalised and so on – Closeness or distance in relationships – Having lunch together or meeting up outside work – Having social events, trips and so on – Whether training or professional development is compulsory, neglected or encouraged – Whether the structure is flat or hierarchical For Aptech Centre Use Only
  28. 28. 28© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Talking About the Culture of YourWorkplace • After everyone has spoken for about 2 minutes, discuss the similarities and differences between your companies. • Now write a paragraph based on your talk about the work culture of your company. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  29. 29. 29© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 1. Are these correct or not? If not, correct them. Sentences 1 Keith is the man supervises the factory staff. 2 Pepsi is a drink which is similar to Coca cola. 3 Yoghurt is a food that is recommended by nutritionists. 4 The man who sold me my car. 5 Samuel Beckett who wrote Endgame is my favourite writer. For Aptech Centre Use Only
  30. 30. 30© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 1. Answers Sentences 1 Keith is the man who supervises the factory staff. 2 Pepsi is a drink which is similar to Coca cola.- Correct 3 Yoghurt is a food that is recommended by nutritionists. -Correct 4 The man who sold me my car works for IBM (Example) 5 Samuel Beckett, who wrote Endgame, is my favourite writer. (Add commas - not a defining relative clause)For Aptech Centre Use Only
  31. 31. 31© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 2. Write down the meanings of theses words/phrases. Words/phrases 1 Behind somebody’s back 2 Diverse 3 Close-knit 4 Harmoniously 5 Intense For Aptech Centre Use Only
  32. 32. Words/phrases 1 Do or say something unkind without the person knowing. 2 Including people from many different cultures or races. 3 Consisting of people who do a lot of activities together and look after one another. 4 In a friendly and peaceful way. 5 High energy, pressurised and not relaxed. 32© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE Test Your Knowledge 2. Answers For Aptech Centre Use Only
  33. 33. 33© Aptech Training Ltd. FZE In a Nutshell… In this lesson you learnt to: • Define corporate culture in detail • Describe the work culture of your workplace • Identify and use defining relative clauses For Aptech Centre Use Only
  34. 34. 34 Thank You © Aptech Training Ltd. FZE For Aptech Centre Use Only

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