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© 2006 IBM Corporation
This presentation is intended for the education of IBM and Business Partner sales personnel. It sho...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
2
Course Objectives
At the completion o...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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Topic 8 - Course Agenda
> * Data Cent...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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> Perforated tiles
> Raised floor
> A...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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Data Center Flooring Considerations
R...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Topic 8- Course Agenda
> Data Center ...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Rack Considerations - Type and Capaci...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Special cover filters dust and
enviro...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Rack Considerations - Access & Conso...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Rack SSCT Planning Tool (1 of 2)
IBM...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Rack SSCT Planning Tool (2 of 2)
SSC...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Rack Considerations - SSCT Floor Pla...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Topic 8 - Course Agenda
> Data Cente...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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IBM Power & Cooling Usage
The proces...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Less DC AssetsLess AirLess Heat
Typi...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Displacement of PDU in Rack
Power Di...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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> DPI Universal Rack PDU
> DPI Front...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Topic 8 - Course Agenda
> Data Cente...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Cooling Considerations - Air Flow
Fr...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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How data center cooling works?
The k...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Topic 8 - Course Agenda
> Data Cente...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Cool Blue Portfolio of Technologies
...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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Cool Blue Energy Management Innovati...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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IBM Power Configurator
> Get better ...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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IBM Power Configurator Installation
...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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IBM BladeCenter & System x Power Con...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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IBM BladeCenter & System x Power Con...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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IBM BladeCenter H
> Maximum power co...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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IBM System x3650
> Configuration for...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Total rack power requirements
> Comp...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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IBM Active Energy Manager
> Measure/...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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IBM Active Energy Manager Overview
>...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Active Energy Manager in Action
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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IBM Active Energy Manager - Increase...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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IBM Active Energy Manager - Allocate...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Rear Door Heat eXchanger
Features Be...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Hot Spots in Datacenter
ServerR
acks...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Eliminating Hot Spots in Datacenter
...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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Become more energy efficient - Go Gr...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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Active Energy Manager
Alternating Cu...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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Course Summary
After completing Topi...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
Corporation
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Additional Resources
IBM STG SMART Z...
IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM
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End of Presentation
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Xtw01t8v0901 power rack_cooling

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Xtw01t8v0901 power rack_cooling

  1. 1. © 2006 IBM Corporation This presentation is intended for the education of IBM and Business Partner sales personnel. It should not be distributed to customers. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM System x ™ Rack, Power and Cooling Infrastructure XTW01 Topic 8
  2. 2. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 2 Course Objectives At the completion of this topic, you should be able to: > Identify the concepts and considerations for rack design and implementation in the datacenter > List the power requirements options and planning tools > Identify System x and BladeCenter chassis cooling concepts > List the benefits of IBM Cool Blue Technologies
  3. 3. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 3 Topic 8 - Course Agenda > * Data Center Design Considerations * > Rack Concepts and Tools > Power Considerations > Cooling Considerations > Cool Blue Technologies
  4. 4. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 4 > Perforated tiles > Raised floor > Aisle ways - hot and cold > Ceiling height > Density in the cabinet > Cooling assets > Cable opening > Types of racks > Number of racks > KW load of equipment The typical data center is a complex environment with many items: For more information see Challenges of Data Center Thermal Management ibm.com/research/journal/rd/494/schmidt.html Data Center Environment Design Considerations Perforated Floor Tiles Air Conditioning Unit Front of Racks
  5. 5. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 5 Data Center Flooring Considerations Raised Floor > Good for running cables out of site > Good for cooling systems > Can be expensive > Must check rating before loading racks Solid Floor > Load rating excellent > Cannot easily run cables out of site > Can cause cooling issues Raised Floor Supply Ceiling Supply
  6. 6. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 6 Topic 8- Course Agenda > Data Center Design Considerations > * Rack Concepts and Tools * > Power Considerations > Cooling Considerations > Cool Blue Technologies
  7. 7. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 7 Rack Considerations - Type and Capacity > Standardized Form Factor  42U  25U  11U > Designed to support power components and attachments > Fan-free design > Can be ordered with component systems installed NetBAY42 Enterprise S2 42U S2 25U NetBAY11 Standard
  8. 8. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 9 Special cover filters dust and environment contaminants Ample space for all your IT IBM BladeCenter S Rear module enables office friendly acoustics Acoustics Declared sound power level: • 6.3 bels - with all “low power blades” installed • 6.8 bels – if any “high power blades” installed Dimensions: Height: 24” Width: 24” Depth: 42” Rack Considerations - BC-S Office Enablement Kit
  9. 9. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 10 Rack Considerations - Access & Console Support > Console support  Service  Operations requirements > Peripherals  USB  DVD/CDROM  Cabling − Power − Network − Fibre Channel Rack-mounted flat screen and keyboard options
  10. 10. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 11 Rack SSCT Planning Tool (1 of 2) IBM Standalone Solutions Configuration Tool > Downloadable tool to aid in configuration > Provides system configuration, power and rack placement
  11. 11. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 12 Rack SSCT Planning Tool (2 of 2) SSCT Rack Configuration Sample > Component selection > Rack placement > Power cabling
  12. 12. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 13 Rack Considerations - SSCT Floor Plan SSCT floor plan developed from the configuration
  13. 13. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 14 Topic 8 - Course Agenda > Data Center Design Considerations > Rack Concepts and Tools > * Power Considerations * > Cooling Considerations > Cool Blue Technologies
  14. 14. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 15 IBM Power & Cooling Usage The processor power growth is the largest single contributor but there are many other areas. The more you pack into a server the more power it needs. Planar 4% Standby 2% Processor 30% Memory 11% HDD 6% PCI 3% Other 44% IBM Can Control IBM Can Influence Little IBM Control • AC to DC Transitions • DC to AC Deliveries • Fan Typical 1U server power distribution
  15. 15. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 16 Less DC AssetsLess AirLess Heat Typical Power Supply IBM BladeCenter High Efficiency Power Supplies Typical Power Supply 220V AC in 12V DC out Example: 2000W AC in at 70% efficiency = 1400DC output Heat BladeCenter Power Supply 220V AC in 12V DC out Example: 2000W AC in at 91% efficiency = 1820DC output HeatUpdated 11/17/07 > DC – Power the server components use > AC – Power distributed in most data centers > Power supplies convert AC to DC Less Power More processor per rack Less IT expense Lower TCO Lower operating cost
  16. 16. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 17 Displacement of PDU in Rack Power Distribution Units (PDU) Power Distribution Unit Effectively distributes power in moderate and high-density rack environments anywhere power must be distributed to multiple pieces of equipment.
  17. 17. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 18 > DPI Universal Rack PDU > DPI Front-End PDU > DPI High Density PDU > DPI Enterprise PDU DPI Universal Rack DPI Front End DPI Enterprise DPI High Density Power Considerations - PDU Options
  18. 18. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 19 Topic 8 - Course Agenda > Data Center Design Considerations > Rack Concepts and Tools > Power Considerations > * Cooling Considerations * > Cool Blue Technologies
  19. 19. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 20 Cooling Considerations - Air Flow Front Cold Back Hot Cable Opening Subfloor Underfloor Chilled Air Air flow Perf tile Tile floor Rack Design: > Rack should be engineered to be part of the thermal solution > IBM racks allow for highly efficient cooling Temperature: > 10.0° to 35.0°C (50° to 95°F) at 0 to 914 m (0 to 3,000 ft) > 10.0° to 32.0°C (50° to 90°F) at 914 to 2,133 m (3,000 to 7,000 ft) Relative humidity: 8% to 80% Maximum altitude: 2,133 m (7,000 ft)
  20. 20. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 21 How data center cooling works? The key requirement is to maintain rack inlet temperatures within manufacturer’s specifications For more information see the IBM Rack Planning Guide ibm.com and search on MIGR-52898 Chilled WaterCool Air Warm Air Hot Aisle Cold AisleCold Aisle Rack RackRack • There are two separate and complex thermal problems: • Air distribution under the floor • Air and temperature distribution above the floor Perforated Tile Perforated Tile Under the Floor
  21. 21. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 22 Topic 8 - Course Agenda > Data Center Design Considerations > Rack Concepts and Tools > Power Considerations > Cooling Considerations > * Cool Blue Technologies *
  22. 22. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 23 Cool Blue Portfolio of Technologies Cool Blue Portfolio Powerful tools that help you optimize your data center infrastructure so you can be responsive. Tools that help: > IBM Power Configurator  Understand your power requirements > IBM Active Energy Manager  Monitor, control and virtualize your power > IBM Rear Door Heat eXchanger  Reduce data center hot spots > IBM Data Center Energy Efficiency services  Optimize and future-proof your data center
  23. 23. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 24 Cool Blue Energy Management Innovation Active Energy Manager
  24. 24. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 25 IBM Power Configurator > Get better information for up-front planning by sizing the power needs of your unique configurations > Select systems and IT infrastructure that best fit your data center infrastructure before you commit to buying the first serve > Available via the web for customers and IBM Business Partners > Tool provides the following useful information:  Power input (watts)  PDU sizing information (amps)  Heat Output (BTU)  Airflow requirements through chassis (CFM-cubic feet per minute)  VA Rating (VA)  Leakage current (mAmps)  Peak inrush current (Amps)
  25. 25. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 26 IBM Power Configurator Installation IBM BladeCenter & System x Power Configurator > Downloadable tool to estimate power usage > Rack-based configurator
  26. 26. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 27 IBM BladeCenter & System x Power Configurator > BladeCenter H and System x3650 IBM Power Configurator Example (1 of 5)
  27. 27. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 28 IBM BladeCenter & System x Power Configurator > Addition of the BladeCenter H Power Configurator Example (2 of 5)
  28. 28. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 29 IBM BladeCenter H > Maximum power configuration applied for the model Power Configurator Example (3 of 5)
  29. 29. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 30 IBM System x3650 > Configuration for maximum power Power Configurator Example (4 of 5)
  30. 30. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 31 Total rack power requirements > Component power summarized for the rack Power Configurator Example (5 of 5)
  31. 31. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 32 IBM Active Energy Manager > Measure/Trend Power Consumption (Phase 1)  Determine the power (watts) is being consumed now  Why assume label power?  Power meter (internal) or PDU with watt meter (external) > Cap or Allocate Power Correctly (Phase 2)  Power consumed is a function of the HW options, OS, Apps and App footprint application and the application data footprint  Allocate power based on past history using power measurements: −to match the need of each server −to match the P/T limits of the data center > Reduce power consumed (Phase 3)  CPUs can reduce power in periods of low utilization  Save power costs Three Fundamentals of Power Management > A view of power consumption across the data center (units of hours, weeks, months) using your applications and workloads > Reducing your power/thermal requirements (saving infrastructure costs – ex. HVAC, UPS, generators) > Reducing power consumption during periods of low utilization (saving power costs – ex. utility company) Active Energy Manager will Provide:
  32. 32. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 33 IBM Active Energy Manager Overview > Enables management of actual power consumption and resulting thermal loads > Intelligence to control and manage datacenter server power utilization  Hardware, embedded management logic  Sensors and alerts exist to warn the user if limiting power to this server is affecting performance > More accurate data center planning:  Actual power draw instead of conservative “label/spec power” estimates This tool can be downloaded from: www.ibm.com/systems/bladecenter /powerconfig/
  33. 33. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 34 Active Energy Manager in Action
  34. 34. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 35 IBM Active Energy Manager - Increased Density Inefficient 1U servers 10KW rack holds 23 1Us (427W) Power-efficient BladeCenter servers 10KW rack holds 28 blades (270W) Power-efficient BladeCenter with Active Energy Manager power virtualization Improve performance/watt by up to 90% 10KW rack holds 44 blades (270W)
  35. 35. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 36 IBM Active Energy Manager - Allocated Power > Rack density is based on power consumption estimates, which typically leads to a 20 percent over allocation of power Result is multiple servers, each with wasted overhead power Allocation before IBM Active Energy Manager Server 1 Server 6 Server 5 Server 2 Server 4 Server 3 Server 7 > With Active Energy Manager exact power usage is possible Server 1 Server 6 Server 5 Server 2 Server 4 Server 3 Server 7 Server 8 Server 9 Allocation after IBM Active Energy Manager +2 additional servers Power is virtualized so you can add more servers > The power virtualization feature allows you to turn that wasted power into real productivity Put the power where it is needed
  36. 36. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 37 Rear Door Heat eXchanger Features Benefits Rear Door Heat eXchanger Maximum Performance Per Watt Per Sq Ft.
  37. 37. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 38 Hot Spots in Datacenter ServerR acks AC Units Hot Spot Areas
  38. 38. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 39 Eliminating Hot Spots in Datacenter Cool Blue Solution ServerR acks AC Units Rear Door Heat Exchanger Water cooling is more energy efficient than air
  39. 39. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 40 Become more energy efficient - Go Green Make smarter choices based on better information Plan, monitor and control with IBM Cool Blue™ portfolio Take advantage of innovative technology Improve efficiency >Right-size the infrastructure >Get the most for data center spend >Take control of your power usage with simple tools >Utilize energy-efficient technologies to get more work per kilowatt >Improve compute power per kilowatt with virtualization >Get the most efficient mechanism for temperature reduction in data center >Get top-to-bottom, efficient data center solutions >Recycle old hardware in eco-friendly methods instead of sending to landfill Bring in the experts on energy-smart computing Benefit from IBM experience
  40. 40. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 41 Active Energy Manager Alternating Current (AC) British thermal unit (BTU) Celsius (C) Cool Blue Technology Cubic Feet per Minute (CFM) Direct Current (DC) Distributed Power Interconnect (DPI) Electronics Industry Association (EIA) Glossary of Terms Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA) Fahrenheit (F) Front-End Power Distribution Unit (FEPDU) Kilowatt (KW) Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Rear Door Heat eXchanger Vital Product Data (VPD) Volt (V) Watt (W)
  41. 41. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 42 Course Summary After completing Topic, you should be able to: > Identify the concepts and considerations for rack design and implementation in the datacenter > List the power requirements options and planning tools > Identify System x and BladeCenter chassis cooling concepts > List the benefits of IBM Cool Blue Technologies
  42. 42. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 43 Additional Resources IBM STG SMART Zone for more education on Webinar, Web Lectures, etc..: > Internal: http://lt.be.ibm.com/smartzone/modulartechnical > BP: http://www.ibm.com/services/weblectures/dlv/partnerworld IBM System x and BladeCenter Power Configurator > http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/bladecenter/resources/powerconfig/index.html IBM Rack and Power Solutions > http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/storage/rack.html / IBM System x Support > http://www-304.ibm.com/systems/support/supportsite.wss/brandmain?brandind=500000
  43. 43. IBM Systems & Technology Group Education & Sales Enablement © 2009 IBM Corporation 44 End of Presentation

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