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Dtsi engine


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DTS-i Engine - DTS-i stands for “Digital Twin Spark Ignition”, a 'Bajaj Patented Technology'. DIGITAL TWIN SPARK ignition engine has two Spark plugs located at opposite ends of the combustion chamber and hence fast and efficient combustion is obtained.

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Dtsi engine

  3. 3. WHAT IS AN ENGINE? Any device which can convert heat energy of fuel into mechanical energy is known as engine or heat engine TYPES OF ENGINES 1. External combustion (E.C.) Engine It is an engine in which combustion of fuel take place outside of the engine. These engines are generally used in driving locomotive, ships, generation of electric power etc. Advantages of E.C. engine- • In these engines starting torque is generally high. • Because of external combustion we can use cheaper fuels as well as solid fuel. • They are more flexible compare to internal combustion engines.
  4. 4. 2. Internal Combustion (I.C.) Engine It is an engine in which combustion of fuel take place inside the engine. These engines are generally used in automobile industries, generation of electric power etc. Advantages of I.C. engine- • It has overall high efficiency over E.C. engine. • These engines are compact and required less space. • Initial cost of I.C. engine is lower than E.C. engine. • This engine easily starts in cold because of it uses high volatile fuel. A STEAM ENGINE WORING WITH EXTERNAL COMBUSTON
  5. 5. TYPES OF IC ENGINES I.C. engine is widely used in automobile industries so it is also known as automobile engine. An automobile engine may be classified in many manners According to number of stroke: 1. Two Stroke 2. Four Stroke Based on design: 1. Reciprocating engine 2. Rotary engine Based on fuel used: 1. Petrol engine 2. Diesel engine 3. Gas engine 4. Electric engine Based on method of Ignition 1. Compression Ignition 2. Spark Ignition
  6. 6. WHAT IS A DTSI ENGINE? • In actual practice, perfect combustion is not at all possible due to various losses in the combustion chamber as well as design of the internal combustion engine. • However an alternate solution to it is by making the combustion of fuel as fast as possible. This can be done by using two spark plugs which spark alternatively at a certain time interval so as increase the diameter of the flame & burn the fuel instantaneously. • This system is called DTSI (Digital Twin Spark Ignition system). DUAL SPARK PLUGS
  8. 8. CONSTRUCTION • Digital twin spark ignition technology powered engine has two spark plugs. It is located at opposite sides of combustion chamber. • This DTS-I technology will have greater combustion rate because of twin spark plug located around it. • The engine combust fuel at double rate than normal. This enhances both engine life and fuel efficiency. • It is mapped by the digital electronic control box which also handles fuel ignition and valve timing. A microprocessor continuously senses speed and load of the engine and respond by altering the ignition timing there by optimizing power and fuel economy.
  9. 9. MAIN CHARACTERISTICS • Digital electronic ignition with two plugs per cylinder and two ignition distributors. • Twin overhead cams with camshaft timing variation. • Injection fuel feed with integrated electronic twin spark ignition. • A high specific power. • Compact design and Superior balance.
  10. 10. ADVANTAGES • Less vibrations and noise • Long life of the engine parts such as piston rings and valve stem. • Decrease in the specific fuel consumption • No over heating • Increase the Thermal Efficiency of the Engine & even bear high loads on it. • Better starting of engine even in winter season & cold climatic conditions or at very low temperatures because of increased Compression ratio. • Because of twin Sparks the diameter of the flame increases rapidly that would result in instantaneous burning of fuels. Thus force exerted on the piston would increase leading to better work output.
  11. 11. DISADVANTAGES • There is high NOx emission (Nitro group gases emission) • If one spark plug get damaged then we have to replace both • The cost is relatively more THE PROBLEM WITH DUAL FIRE IGNITION
  12. 12. INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION • In India Bajaj has patented for dts-i technology. At present platina, xcd125, 135, discover150, pulsar135, 150, 180, 200, 220 etc. are using the dts-i(digital twin spark ignition system). • Hence the application of these technologies in the present day automobiles will give the present generation what they want i.e. power bikes with fuel efficiency. • Since these technologies also minimize the fuel consumption and harmful emission levels, they can also be considered as one of the solutions for increasing fuel costs and increasing effect of global warming.
  13. 13. THANK YOU