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The Rise of Russia and Peter the Great

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Rise of Russia and Peter the Great.

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The Rise of Russia and Peter the Great

  1. 1. Absolutism in Eastern Europe The Rise of Russia
  2. 2. Origins The Russians are a Slavic ““~5" _ _ . people " .7 y _i$a'. F Russians were converted by t, _ ~_M_, _ / , / Byzantine missionaries— I“ _f, 31?“; ll B‘ C ‘ embraced Orthodox ‘V £ i _ y g V 1 . Rulers strongly influenced by V‘? /ii I! V. Sx(-. . _ '. Byzantine culture <_ 4, y { ‘ Peasants lived according to : p‘'’ 1 I W _ . "“"'; ',, ’-l ancient customs and Orthodox ' ’ " ‘ K ‘ ll Church
  3. 3. Quotes from Adam Olearius (traveled to Russia in 1634) ° “Russian men place great store - “With regard to intelligence, by long beards and large the Russians are indeed stomachs, and those who have distinguished by cleverness and them are placed in high shrewdness. ... their cleverness regard. ” and shrewdness are manifested in their commerce. ” - “Their dancing-bear impresarios have comedians with them. ..”
  4. 4. /. (VOL — fl’, .5; r = rm’/ sn _-: ., ; , I 1 ~¢; z:ms _. fiiamsu ‘, ' C i. ' pl“ 7 — — 1 in rSt'. '7.I5'9 , ir " "V? ' ‘ T Flip‘: ' L ‘ Mndnrll ‘ M _I. ._ - l . , Wspraws 3.590 , "' '_lm ' l_ _ __ ‘ « S ,3, -ls: _.‘-wry ', " ‘ '-_z u; L[: llUu'»"'lI . lfl °lU’j_ ~__ ‘ .59.: ' ~ , _ {, ,_‘%A g_ it 5 The expansion 01 , ,,, ,”~w_r , § . :; ..—a . the Slavsto c.7OO , , ‘ ' r. ‘!W'5 I —‘ * _ - -r: A ngnnvtm al Sm: V n W 7'-_ ’ 31.51 5" anxvrm lm[t' v(5;4 as . A . ~ , sum! - ~’ L. ‘% : :;'. :'. ':: .": ':: , T I Ust’ ' lhncsnovug "3 ‘ W $lav: oa; ‘u . ‘ . ~£. ‘III('-VIM g‘ ‘ w v ». ‘ r-an Slu ptuplv / ' swenes r ‘ , , . _ - ‘C L. Om. -do fNovgorod V°’9‘R- _ W _ _ , ' ~ . ‘ ' . ‘. p o Psknv 4- Roslov 7 ‘ ; + suzdai - +£olatsk ’ t-li3s’«: wv‘Murom +1 Belo Ozaru 3;? « *3‘ THE GOLDEN HORDE POLAEBY 4gChevnigov "0"" R‘ 1/algal? R. we '°" «Semi Dnieper R. H0 ° ROMAN EMPRE "'-'“°AR"“"‘5 + Tmuovokan BYZANTINE / Q ' R°'"° EMPIRE + cnnstaminopie / /‘l
  5. 5. Development of Muscovy - 14oos—Muscovy (Moscow) took '“ * control ofall Russians and drove - ~ off Mongols ° Afterfall ofConstantinop| e, Muscovy claimed leadership of the Orthodox Christian world ° Moscow was the “Third Rome” ° Rulers of Muscovy/ Russia called themselves tsars (Caesars) - Ivan IV theTerrible tried to , “ " establish his authority over the ; ‘ A . ‘ boya_rs (nobles) and expand 4 , . Russia
  6. 6. THE EXPANSION OF THE RU$IAN EMPIRE. 1613-I914 . -. ’ I ~ Mum 3 vi , , «. . m. ., .,. .i
  7. 7. ., '.. ———. , / -‘. '“~ . 'l. l‘ . Hill ill I : ..: ‘n m*"'- 4 JI4,___, ,r—*, ,..1.i*n. fir? ‘ , ,, - . up: ‘I 1. "‘g», ,f= j « ; _ . . ‘. 2 “ ‘ a A‘ .1 ‘. . . ,y (‘I i iI: £_Ii* f’; »’n‘. .:"| . 2 T
  8. 8. The Romanov Dynasty - Ivan IV’s dynasty (the Rurikids) lost power after Ivan’s death ° Boyars fought for control - Poles, Swedes, Mongols took advantage to attack Russian territory - Finally in 1613 Mikhail Romanov established himself as Tsar ° Romanov tsars ruled Russia for next 3oo years ° Constant expansion - To the West, fought Poles and Swedes ° To the East, conquered Siberia
  9. 9. Peter the Great (Background) I* Took power in 1689 after a childhood filled with violence between nobles and members ofthe imperial family Spent much of his youth away from the court, Russian nobles, and Orthodox Church—hung out with Western European mercenaries I* Fascinated by Western technology, science, navigation I‘ Imposing figure—6 feet, 7 inches tall
  10. 10. Peter the Great Goals: - Create a strong, centralized __ Z’ monarchy—admirer of Louis XIV "T - Make Russia a great power A" ‘ ° Russian explorers continued to I I ‘ conquer Siberia I . 5‘ ° Wars against Sweden and , I _ I H A '_, I . -I? Ottomans—search fora port N, ‘ 3 '-, _ 3 . _ / : / - New capita| —St. Petersburg 3',
  11. 11. Why St. Petersburg?
  12. 12. Tarmory added E Peter's In to El byp Westam urope. M3'°'°"l°5 star $ 1697-98 3' . . . . . . . , . M? The E'[Ir. lI1In‘l1n. Il Riismi umlcr Pctcr the (xrcul. Pvrcr Iulucu vital II'rrii. .vrvI on the Bdlfjt Sm In rlu' ms! Russian t‘f1I[7iI’n'.
  13. 13. Major Goa| —Westernize Russia l5l§_V§U‘IlI| V1II'nlul; Ill'>l'II'l; Vb I 7 7 ° Modernize military and 'Il’lII'll>lP4">; l,§ll'Mm""llW government - Bring European science and technology to Russia - Cultural changes—forced Russian nobles to adopt Western customs (no beards! ) - A divide grew between Westernized nobles and traditional peasants
  14. 14. Legacy Made Russia into a great power and brought Russia in contact with ideas of Enlightenment C But. .. - Used a great deal ofviolence to achieve it ° Cultural divide between nobles and peasants—wou| d remain until 1917 - With expansion, more and more peasants forced into serfdom
  15. 15. Russia—Western or a Separate Culture? - “| t’s an idea about socialization, about creating a culture, a culture for the Slavic world, for the Russian world” - Igor Kostenok, Education officerfor Russian rebels in Ukraine, explaining need for pro-Russian history books - “They (the West) won't leave the Russian bear alone. They will always seek to chain it. And once its chained, they'll rip out its teeth and claws. ” ° Vladimir Putin

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