Gender Mainstreamingis a strategyto pursue the vision of genderequality and women’s empowermentfrom the center,rather than from the margins 4
A strategyIt is a strategy for making womens as well It is a strategy for making womens as wellas mens concerns and experiences an as mens concerns and experiences anintegral dimension of the design, integral dimension of the design,implementation, monitoring and evaluation implementation, monitoring and evaluationof policies and programmes in all political, of policies and programmes in all political,economic and societal spheres so that economic and societal spheres so thatwomen and men benefit equally and women and men benefit equally andinequality is not perpetuated. inequality is not perpetuated. - United Nations Report of the Economic and Social Council for 1997
Gender Mainstreaming is a process that brings GAD (women’s) perspective to the mainstream (center) 6
A processMainstreaming a gender perspective is the Mainstreaming a gender perspective is theprocess of assessing the implications for process of assessing the implications forwomen and men of any planned action, women and men of any planned action,including legislation, policies or including legislation, policies orprogrammes, in all areas and at all levels. programmes, in all areas and at all levels. - United Nations Report of the Economic and Social Council for 1997
Gender Mainstreamingis a process of transforminga gender-blind organizationinto a gender-responsive organization 8
Gender Mainstreaming Work gender-blind ma Po i lic n s ies tr , p ea gr mi ro am s ng gender-responsive 9
Gender Mainstreaming> starts with building the organizational capacities> is primarily aimed at addressing gender issues of the agencies’ clients 10
GAD Plan Blueprint for making the agency gender-responsive Tool for Gender Mainstreaming
GAD Plano A systematically designed set of programs,o A systematically designed set of programs, projects, services and activities carried out projects, services and activities carried out by agencies for a given period of time; by agencies for a given period of time;o Addresses gender issues and concerns ofo Addresses gender issues and concerns of their sectors and constituents; their sectors and constituents;o Specifies targets to be achieved ando Specifies targets to be achieved and identifies the performance indicators that identifies the performance indicators that will measure their accomplishments. will measure their accomplishments.
GENDER ANALYSIS• A tool for assessment, planning, monitoring & evaluation;• Analyzing the current situation and position of women and men in a given context, and considering the potential impact of the planned intervention or activity on them.
GENDER ANALYSISEvaluating:• if women’s and men’s needs are equally considered in programs and projects;• if their role as participants and beneficiaries are assured; and• if gender-based inequalities are reduced.
Annex A: Instructions on the Formulation of a GAD Plan and Budget*] Classification of Gender Issues : Organization-focused and Client-focused Organization-focused: Gap in the capacity of the organization to integrate a gender dimension in the activities of its programs and projectsClient-focused: Extent of disparity between women and men over benefits from and contribution to a program/project of the agency JOINT CIRCULAR NO. 2004-1
High unemployment rate, gender wage gapAnd overrepresentation of women in theinformal economy UNEMPLOYMENT RATE Year Male Female 2006 8.2 7.6 2007 7.5 7 2008 7.6 7.1 2009 7.6 7.2 • In the past several years, unemployment rate for women have consistently been lower than that among the men
Local Civil Registrar Program/ GAD Project/ Gender Identified Performance GAD Activity Issue/Concern GAD Objective GAD Activity Target Indicator Budget (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)Free birth Disparity in the To attain 100% Free birth 100% free 100%registratio access of free registration of Registration registratio Registration ofn unregistered all Tanauan City of all n to all all 30,000.00 citizen born citizens Tanauan City Tanauan unregistered ofTanauan City, regardless of age born persons City born Tanauan City regarless of age and status by 2012 regardless of persons born persons and status to be age and regardless of registered and status in life age and status have certificate in life by 2012 of birth until 2012Kasalang There are To reduce the Conduct 100 live-in Number of 150,000.00Bayan growing numbers number of unwed "Kasalang couples couplesProgram of live-in couples, males & Bayan" solemnized by partners, male females, living Local Chief and female in together without Executive the city, thus, as the benefit of expected, there marriage, and are also many subsequently, illegitimate legitimize their
Business Licensing OfficeInternal Existence of To protect Seminar/Orie Owners/oper -95% of target 100,000Capacity business from and ntation on ators of the businessBuilding establishments make workers the Anti- following: establishmentProgram that aide in aware of Trafficking representative prostitution, illegal Law and a.) attend orientation employment of recruiters, related laws restaurants -Sex minors and trafficking and disaggregated data human and ordinances b.) of participants trafficking prostitution computer shops -Topics c.) discussed and results employment of the training agencies evaluated/analyzed -Decrease on the number of violence against women resulting to peace and order situation in the city Lack of To provide Seminar All BPLO staff Seminar Conducted 65,000 awareness on know-how on training to be 100% of the total GAD related laws GAD and its supervised by BPLO workforce
PPA Gender Issue GAD Indentified Target GAD GAD Objective GAD Performance Budget ActivityLibrary Low awareness Increase Book Establis __No. & type of P80,000.00and on GAD awareness of collection h GAD books /yearinformatio - Lack of the general build up Cornern services available public onprogram materials on GAD Story puppet Boys __ No of boys & GAD, related shows and and girls girls /year laws/topics in Increase drawing 6-12 the City Library collection of contest years materials on weekly old GAD
PPA Gender Issue GAD Indentified Target GAD GAD Objective GAD Performance Budget ActivityPlanning & Lack of ramps Ensure that Prepare Guidelines One guidelineProgrammi for persons all plans and updatedng Services with programs of guidelines on disabilities works the include Preparation ramps for of program PWD & of works & gender plans sensitive Conduct All training on personnel the guidelinesRoads Lack of gender Improved Project 2012-2013 Program ofConstructio sensitive comfort inspection & worksn Services comfort rooms rooms for implementat for women & men & ion men women
Data and Possible/ Suggested DataSector/ Sub-sector Sources Suggested / Possible Sources of Data by Sub-Sector DataEducation 1. Educational institutions DepEd Division Office 2. Name of Schools and Location 3. Type of construction materials / existing condition 4. Total population by age group To be computed using Sprague Multiplier 5. Enrolment DepEd Division Office 6. Current and past three (3) years enrolment DepEd Division Office per school, public and private, by level 7. Drop-out rate DepEd Division Office; may be computed 8. Literacy of household population 10 years National Statistics Office old and over 9. Total number of teachers employed by sex, Individual school, DepEd, CHED, TESDA per school, per level, public and private 10. Inventory of non-formal programs for LGU, Department of Labor and Employment manpower trainingModule 2 of CDP Preparation
MainstreamingCross-sectoralConcerns in theRationalized LocalPlanning Systemand theComprehensiveDevelopmentPlanning Process(DILG Guidelines)
Components of the Rationalized Local Planning System Planning StructureMainstreaming Multi-sectoral DevelopmentCross-sectoralConcepts and and Land Use Plans Principles in the Planning Process RationalizedLocal Planning System Authority Levers / Tools for Plan Implementation LDIP / AIP
Planning Structure o Strengthen the GAD Focal Point / LDCC by setting parameters for its functionality o Enhance the LGU’s Capability for GAD / DRRM by assessing, defining and building upMainstreaming Cross-sectoral the: Concepts and Organizational structure and functions of thePrinciples in the GAD Focal Point / LDCC Rationalized GAD Focal Points / LDCC’s internal andLocal Planning external relationships System Fiscal Management Capability of the LGU for the GAD / DRRM GAD / DRRM orientation & responsiveness of the Sanggunian Non-government Sector Participation in GAD / DRRM Inter-government relations
1. SETTING/RE-VISITING THE LGU VISION VISION ELEMENTS DESCRIPTORS SUCCESS INDICATORS People as individuals Zero maternal mortality Healthy & as society occupational segregation Local economy Vibrant eliminated; equal access to employment opportunities State of the natural protection from environment Safe environmental pollution Condition of the infrastructure designs Balanced built environment sensitive to womens needs Local Governance Participatory At least 40% of appointive officials in the LGU held by women
2. DETERMINING CURRENT REALITY (PROFILING): GAD SECTOR DATA REQUIREMENTS Number of Overseas Filipino Workers by Population & sex, age group, place of work and major Demographic occupational group Profile Percent of elementary, secondary, college and higher education graduates by sex Share Employment, underemployment, unemployment rates, of women to total employment by major occupation group and class Sex – specific dependency burden Sex – specific in – and out – migration rates
2. DETERMINING CURRENT REALITY (PROFILING): GAD SECTOR DATA REQUIREMENTS Nutritional status by sex and age groupSocial Nutritional status of pregnant women (incidence of malnutrition) Sex – specific mortality rate by age group and leading causes Sex – specific crude birth rate School – age participation rates by sex Enrolment rates, drop – out rates by sex Percentage distribution of social welfare development clientele served by type and sex Crime rates by type and sex and age group of victim
2. DETERMINING CURRENT REALITY (PROFILING): GAD SECTOR DATA REQUIREMENTS Level of investments, by sector and geographic location (e.g., urban – rural)Economic Number of households by income bracket and sex of household ahead Average time spent doing household chores and unpaid work by employed men and womenInfrastructure Average distance of health facilities to population centers Existing modes of transportation and transportation facilities
4. GENERATING NEW INFORMATION FROM OBSERVED CONDITIONS & EXTRACTING INTELLIGENCE GENDER ANALYSIS – to determine the following:Mainstreaming o whether or not a right or Cross-sectoral recommended state action is being Concepts and fulfilled/implemented in the LGU;Principles in the Rationalized andLocal Planning o to what extent the welfare, access, System conscientization, participation and control aspects of women’s empowerment and gender equality are addressed by the LGU
4. GENERATING NEW INFORMATION FROM OBSERVED CONDITIONS & EXTRACTING INTELLIGENCE GENDER ANALYSIS:Mainstreaming are women equal with Cross-sectoral men in their Concepts and involvement in thePrinciples in the development process? RationalizedLocal Planning what is the capacity of the System LGU, to promote, respect and fulfill women’s human rights or to plan, implement and monitor GAD policies, programs and interventions?
3. GENERATING NEW INFORMATION FROM OBSERVED CONDITIONS & EXTRACTING INTELLIGENCE TOOLS FOR GENDER ANALYSIS Historical Timeline Exercise - toMainstreaming Cross-sectoral create a historical timeline of the Concepts and LGUSs implementation of its genderPrinciples in the policy RationalizedLocal Planning System Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework (GMEF) to elicit the achievements and the steps that LGUs still need to undertake to fully institutionalize gender and development.
3. GENERATING NEW INFORMATION FROM OBSERVED CONDITIONS & EXTRACTING INTELLIGENCE TOOLS FOR GENDER ANALYSIS (GeRL) Ka Ba – to elicit the current reachMainstreaming Cross-sectoral of the LGU’s GAD programs and services. Concepts andPrinciples in the Gender Knowledge and Awareness Rationalized Exercise - to assess if the key players inLocal Planning the LGU have a shared understanding of System gender-related concepts Mind Mapping on Decision-making Exercise - to understand why decisions concerning gender mainstreaming have – or have not – been taken
9. INVESTMENT PROGRAMMINGMainstreaming Sectoral project proposals include Cross-sectoral GAD / DRRM PPAs Concepts andPrinciples in the Rationalized GAD / DRRM programs and projectsLocal Planning are prioritized in the LDIP / AIP System
10. BUDGETING GAD/DRRM programs and projects listed in the LDIP / AIP are given sufficient budgetary allocationMainstreaming Cross-sectoral OPRs for GAD/DRRM are given Concepts and ample financial supportPrinciples in the RationalizedLocal Planning Gender-sensitive budgets are neither System separate budgets produced for women, nor limited to achieving an increase in allocations specifically targeting women. (Source: Gender responsive budgeting by Dr. Yeongran Park)
11. IMPLEMENTING THE PLAN Mainstreaming GAD / DRRM programs, Cross-sectoral Concepts and projects and activities are Principles in the implemented as stipulated inRationalized Local the project briefs/ program of Planning System work
12. PLAN MONITORING & EVALUATION The impacts of GAD / DRRM planning Gender interventions (programs/projects, Audit services, regulatory measures)Mainstreaming Cross-sectoral The impacts of private sector Concepts and investments / participation in GAD /Principles in the DRRM RationalizedLocal Planning System Changes in the level of gender / responsiveness/ awareness or disaster preparedness / risk reduction management after a lapse of time.