Chapter 6Questioning Strategies in the Era of Standards and Accountability
A. To involve students in the lessons. B. To promote students’ thinking and comprehension. C. To review important content. D. To control students. E. To assess students.Reasons for using questions
Low level questions: These questions tap into the knowledge level of students ◦ What are the three most common tools in a metal shop? ◦ How much is 5 +6 ◦ How do you spell anonymous?Types of Questions
High-Level Questions: These questions require mental processing or the connecting or the transformation of ideas by students. ◦ How does the U.S. seeks alliances with other countries?Types of Questions
Think of the theme you are teaching, and write two or three questions. For example, if you are working on a book about friendship, “What things do you like to do with your friends?” and “What happens when your friends do not like to do what you like to do?” Prepare prompts to help your students elaborate their questions “Can you tell me more about that?” “What makes you think that?” You can also encourage higher order thinking by sharing students’ responses (covering students’ names) and asking them how to improve it.How do I add more higherthinking questions to my lessons?
Don’t be discouraged if students struggle with answering/asking higher order thinking questions. It takes students some time to adapt to higher expectations.How do I add more higherthinking questions to my lessons?
Questions should not be used to embarrass students, but to check their understanding/involve them in the lesson. Research shows that by fourth grade students already know how they are perceived at school (e.g. smart, silly) and they will play their parts. Ask a question, wait about ten seconds and then call on a student.What is the right way to askquestions?
Don’t worry, questioning is not the only way to foster HOT in your classrooms. ◦ Blogs can be used to foster higher order thinking. Some examples include blogs: literature response blogs and showcase blogs. ◦ Teacher Blogs ◦ The Miss Rumphius Effect ◦ Cal Teacher Blog ◦ Student Blogs ◦ Carol Maritas grade four classFostering higher order thinkingusing technology
P. 201, let’s practice labeling questions as low level questions or high level questions. ◦ Students seating at the right: odd questions ◦ Students seating at the left: even questions ◦ Students seating at the middle: pick 9 different questions Quick Review
Convergent Questions: Questions that generally require one right answer. ◦ What is 6x6 ◦ A turtle is in what animal class?Questioning Focus
Divergent Questions: Opposite to convergent questions. They allow many different answers. Also known as Open- Ended questions. ◦ How are Julius Caesar and Hamlet alike? ◦ Give me one of the most significant dates in world history?Questioning Focus
Prompting: The use of hints or clues, that are used to aid the student in responding successfully. Ex: p. 208 Probing: Strategy used to have the student supply additional information to ensure comprehensive and complete answers. ◦ Ex: p. 209Questioning Strategies