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Writing in Wikipedia Style     Neutral Point of View
Neutral Point of ViewAccording to Wikipedia, Neutral point of view means,"representing fairly, proportionately, and as far...
Neutral Point of ViewYou writing with neutral point of view in two main ways.1 - Word Choices2 - Content Choices
Neutral Point of ViewYou writing with neutral point of view in two main ways.1 - Word Choices: select words that do not su...
Neutral Point of ViewYou writing with neutral point of view in two main ways.2 - Content choices: select content from all ...
Guidelines: 1             Avoid stating opinions as facts.Example: Wrong: Casablanca is one of the 100 greatest hollywoodf...
Guidelines: 2  Avoid stating seriously contested assertions as facts.Example: Wrong: President John F. Kennedy was shot by...
Guidelines: 3    Avoid presenting uncontested assertions as mere                       opinion.Example: Wrong: The United ...
Guidelines: 4            Prefer non-judgmental language.Example: Wrong: Towards the beginning of World War II, the U.S. go...
Guidelines: 5              Avoid Imprecise languageExample: Wrong: Farm animals produce significantly moremanure than huma...
What is wrong with this example?"Blackwater (coal) contains copious amounts of hazardoussubstances...Burning coal is one o...
What is wrong with this example?"Blackwater (coal) contains copious amounts of hazardoussubstances...Burning coal is one o...
What is wrong with this example?Since the 1980s The Age, despite the loss of its corporateindependence, has remained a suc...
What is wrong with this example?Since the 1980s The Age, despite the loss of its corporateindependence, has remained a suc...
Highlights from Style Manual      Words to Watch       Avoid these words
Avoid these words: Puffery legendary, great, acclaimed, visionary, outstanding,leading, celebrated, cutting-edge, extraord...
Contentious Labels ... cult, racist, perverted, sect, fundamentalist, heretic,extremist, denialist, terrorist, freedom fig...
Expressions of Doubt ... supposed, purported, alleged, accused, so-called ...
Editorializing ... notably, interestingly, it should be noted, essentially, actually,clearly, without a doubt, of course, ...
Relative Time... recently, lately, currently, presently, to date, 15 years ago,formerly, in the past, winter, spring, summ...
What is wrong with this sentence?
It was especially competitive for out-of-state students in that itsa state-supported institution.
It was especially competitive for out-of-state students in that itsa state-supported institution.Answer: No contractions!
When any student breaks that rule, he loses privileges.
When any student breaks that rule, he loses privileges.Answer: Must use gender neutral language. Revise he to heor she or ...
Interestingly, most Clemson students are from southern states.
Interestingly, most Clemson students are from southern states.Answer: Interestingly is one of the words to watch. It is an...
With increased recycling now, hopefully the U.S. will reduce therate of landfill growth in the next 10 years.
With increased recycling now, hopefully the U.S. will reduce therate of landfill growth in the next 10 years.Answer: Relat...
The EndKeep writing, revising, and asking questions.
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Unbiased writing

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Unbiased writing

  1. 1. Writing in Wikipedia Style Neutral Point of View
  2. 2. Neutral Point of ViewAccording to Wikipedia, Neutral point of view means,"representing fairly, proportionately, and as far aspossible without bias, all significant views that havebeen published by reliable sources."
  3. 3. Neutral Point of ViewYou writing with neutral point of view in two main ways.1 - Word Choices2 - Content Choices
  4. 4. Neutral Point of ViewYou writing with neutral point of view in two main ways.1 - Word Choices: select words that do not suggestvalue, bias, or preference. If your word choices areneutral, your style will not convey your personalperspective on the topic.
  5. 5. Neutral Point of ViewYou writing with neutral point of view in two main ways.2 - Content choices: select content from all significantpublished sources. When you write, include informationthat is negative, positive, critical, and celebratory.Wikipedia collects all significant knowledge on a topic.This means that you must include diverse perspectives.
  6. 6. Guidelines: 1 Avoid stating opinions as facts.Example: Wrong: Casablanca is one of the 100 greatest hollywoodfilms. (This states an opinion as a fact)Correct: Casablanca is on AFIs list of the 100 greatesthollywood film. (This states a fact.)
  7. 7. Guidelines: 2 Avoid stating seriously contested assertions as facts.Example: Wrong: President John F. Kennedy was shot by a singlegunman. (This is the official record, but this claim hasbeen seriously contested.)Correct: According to official police reports, PresidentJohn F. Kennedy was shot by a single gunman. 
  8. 8. Guidelines: 3  Avoid presenting uncontested assertions as mere opinion.Example: Wrong: The United States government has argued thatthe September 11th, 2001 attacks were committed bymembers of Al-qaeda. (This can be stated as a factbecause no significant, reputable source contests thisfact.)Correct: The September 11th, 2001 attacks were
  9. 9. Guidelines: 4 Prefer non-judgmental language.Example: Wrong: Towards the beginning of World War II, the U.S. government ignored the plight of Jews seekingasylum from Nazi persecution. (The phrase "ignored theplight" is a really judgmental phrase.)Correct: Towards the beginning of World War II, the U.S. government did not makeimmigration accommodations for Jews seeking asylumfrom Nazi persecution. 
  10. 10. Guidelines: 5 Avoid Imprecise languageExample: Wrong: Farm animals produce significantly moremanure than humans. (Several of the words here arevague.)Correct: "Animal feeding operations produce about 100times more manure than the amount of human sewagesludge processed in US municipal waste water plantseach year." (Agricultural pollution on Wikipedia)  
  11. 11. What is wrong with this example?"Blackwater (coal) contains copious amounts of hazardoussubstances...Burning coal is one of the worlds largestpollutants in fact it is the leading cause of global warming,acid rain, smog, and air toxins....These are just a few ofthe environmental concerns that follow burning coal."Side note: I pulled this off the Blackwater page, which reallyneeds a lot of work.
  12. 12. What is wrong with this example?"Blackwater (coal) contains copious amounts of hazardoussubstances...Burning coal is one of the worlds largestpollutants in fact it is the leading cause of global warming,acid rain, smog, and air toxins....These are just a few ofthe environmental concerns that follow burning coal."1 - This needs a citation.2 - This needs to be copy edited. Can you find the grammaticalerrors?3 - The words in red suggest judgement.4 - The words in orange are likely contested and should not bestated as fact without supportive data.
  13. 13. What is wrong with this example?Since the 1980s The Age, despite the loss of its corporateindependence, has remained a successful and influentialnewspaper. It has a range of high quality writers andcontributors. The investigative team have broken a number ofmajor stories. Its arts and lifestyle content - increasinglyimportant in all newspapers as the leading role in newscoverage is lost to television and the internet - is generallyregarded as comprehensive.
  14. 14. What is wrong with this example?Since the 1980s The Age, despite the loss of its corporateindependence, has remained a successful and influentialnewspaper. It has a range of high quality writers andcontributors. The investigative team have broken a number ofmajor stories. Its arts and lifestyle content - increasinglyimportant in all newspapers as the leading role in newscoverage is lost to television and the internet - is generallyregarded as comprehensive.Answer: all of the words in orange are imprecise. They could bereplaced with precise facts. (Also some grammatical problems.)
  15. 15. Highlights from Style Manual Words to Watch Avoid these words
  16. 16. Avoid these words: Puffery legendary, great, acclaimed, visionary, outstanding,leading, celebrated, cutting-edge, extraordinary, brilliant,famous, renowned, remarkable, prestigious, world-class,respected, notable, virtuoso ...
  17. 17. Contentious Labels ... cult, racist, perverted, sect, fundamentalist, heretic,extremist, denialist, terrorist, freedom fighter, myth,pseudo-, -gate, controversial ...
  18. 18. Expressions of Doubt ... supposed, purported, alleged, accused, so-called ...
  19. 19. Editorializing ... notably, interestingly, it should be noted, essentially, actually,clearly, without a doubt, of course, fortunately, happily,unfortunately, tragically, untimely ...
  20. 20. Relative Time... recently, lately, currently, presently, to date, 15 years ago,formerly, in the past, winter, spring, summer, fall, autumn ...Note: remember that the content you add will continue to beread for months and years. If you write currently in an article,in one year that information will be inaccurate.
  21. 21. What is wrong with this sentence?
  22. 22. It was especially competitive for out-of-state students in that itsa state-supported institution.
  23. 23. It was especially competitive for out-of-state students in that itsa state-supported institution.Answer: No contractions!
  24. 24. When any student breaks that rule, he loses privileges.
  25. 25. When any student breaks that rule, he loses privileges.Answer: Must use gender neutral language. Revise he to heor she or that student.
  26. 26. Interestingly, most Clemson students are from southern states.
  27. 27. Interestingly, most Clemson students are from southern states.Answer: Interestingly is one of the words to watch. It is anexample of editorializing. Do not tell your reader what he or sheshould find interesting!
  28. 28. With increased recycling now, hopefully the U.S. will reduce therate of landfill growth in the next 10 years.
  29. 29. With increased recycling now, hopefully the U.S. will reduce therate of landfill growth in the next 10 years.Answer: Relative time. in the next 10 years will meansomething different in 15 years.
  30. 30. The EndKeep writing, revising, and asking questions.

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