PLAGIARISM             What It Is                 &           How to Avoid ItPresentation based on Clemsons Student-      ...
What is PLAGIARISMDefinition: Misrepresenting anyone else’swords, work, or ideas as your own.●   This can happen intention...
HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM #1 - Give yourself lots of time to complete projects.
HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM #2 - Take careful notes. When you read a source, write brief summary notes in your own words. Do n...
HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM #3 - Cite every idea or fact you learned from a source. Unless the fact or idea is so well-known t...
What about Unintentional            Plagiarism?Ignorance is NOT an excuseExamples  ●   Failure to cite sources  ●   Omitti...
INTERNAL CITATIONDefinition: Internal citations go at the end ofsentences with material from your sources.Internal citatio...
INTERNAL CITATION●   Cite immediately after direct quote or    paraphrase.●   Place summary citations at the end of the   ...
Quote: Definition●   Quote: a direct use of an authors words. Always put    quotes in quotations and follow with an intern...
Summary: Definition●   Summary: a condensed synopsis of a larger    argument, text, or discourse.When I summarize, I take ...
Paraphrase: Definition●   Paraphrase: “A rewording of the meaning of    something spoken or written” (Webster’s Dictionary...
STEPS IN PARAPHRASING●   Read & understand the source.●   Put away the source.●   Make simple list of main points.●   Revi...
GOOD PARAPHRASE IS:●   Accurate – same meaning as source.●   Original – different language from    source.●   Grammaticall...
TIPS FOR PARAPHRASING●   Use different STRUCTURE.●   Maintain MEANING.●   Vary WORDS (except proper names,    numbers, tec...
Paraphrase or Plagiarize?
EXAMPLES: Is this good         paraphrase?●   Original source:     “If the existence of a signing ape was    unsettling fo...
NO! Explanation: Version A    uses too many words from       the original source.●   Original source:     “If the existenc...
EXAMPLES: Is this good         paraphrase?●   Original source:      “If the existence of a signing ape was    unsettling f...
No! Explanation: Version B    copies the sentence structure        of the original source●   Original source:      “If the...
EXAMPLES: Is this good         paraphrase?●   Original source:     “If the existence of a signing ape was    unsettling fo...
Yes! Explanation: Version C      conveys the same idea, but    changes the words and sentence               structure.●   ...
Check your work:●   Make copies of all research sources.●   Underline all sections of sources used    in paper.●   Underli...
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Integrating Sources

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Integrating Sources

  1. 1. PLAGIARISM What It Is & How to Avoid ItPresentation based on Clemsons Student- Athlete Enrichment Programs
  2. 2. What is PLAGIARISMDefinition: Misrepresenting anyone else’swords, work, or ideas as your own.● This can happen intentionally or unintentionally.● Even unintentional plagiarism has to be reported.
  3. 3. HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM #1 - Give yourself lots of time to complete projects.
  4. 4. HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM #2 - Take careful notes. When you read a source, write brief summary notes in your own words. Do not copy word-for-word from a source. You may forget what words are yours and what words come from the source.
  5. 5. HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM #3 - Cite every idea or fact you learned from a source. Unless the fact or idea is so well-known that almost every person in the world will already know, you must cite the source. Example: "William Shakespeare was an English playwright." This is common knowledge. No need to cite.
  6. 6. What about Unintentional Plagiarism?Ignorance is NOT an excuseExamples ● Failure to cite sources ● Omitting quotation marks where needed ● Incorrect paraphrase
  7. 7. INTERNAL CITATIONDefinition: Internal citations go at the end ofsentences with material from your sources.Internal citations tell readers that the material inthe preceding sentences was taken fromanother source. Use internal citation whenparaphrasing, summarizing, and quoting.
  8. 8. INTERNAL CITATION● Cite immediately after direct quote or paraphrase.● Place summary citations at the end of the section.● Citations go inside the sentence.
  9. 9. Quote: Definition● Quote: a direct use of an authors words. Always put quotes in quotations and follow with an internal citation.When I quote, I use the exact words of the author and separate those words from my words with quotes. Note: In Wikipedia, you will very seldom use direct quotes. Direct quoting should be used rarely.
  10. 10. Summary: Definition● Summary: a condensed synopsis of a larger argument, text, or discourse.When I summarize, I take a lot of information from my research and explain it in a concise review of the main points. At the end of a summary, I include an internal citation.
  11. 11. Paraphrase: Definition● Paraphrase: “A rewording of the meaning of something spoken or written” (Webster’s Dictionary).When I paraphrase, I keep the meaning but change the word order and vocabulary so they become my own (Websters Dictionary).
  12. 12. STEPS IN PARAPHRASING● Read & understand the source.● Put away the source.● Make simple list of main points.● Review source for accurate information.● Put away source; rewrite in your own words.● Check paraphrase against original source.
  13. 13. GOOD PARAPHRASE IS:● Accurate – same meaning as source.● Original – different language from source.● Grammatically correct.● If NO, try again.
  14. 14. TIPS FOR PARAPHRASING● Use different STRUCTURE.● Maintain MEANING.● Vary WORDS (except proper names, numbers, technical jargon).● Keep similar LENGTH.● Use your own STYLE, even if less perfect.
  15. 15. Paraphrase or Plagiarize?
  16. 16. EXAMPLES: Is this good paraphrase?● Original source: “If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists” (Davis 26).● Version A: The existence of a signing ape unsettled linguists and startled animal behaviorists (Davis 26).
  17. 17. NO! Explanation: Version A uses too many words from the original source.● Original source: “If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists” (Davis 26).● Version A: PLAGIARISM The existence of a signing ape unsettled linguists and startled animal behaviorists (Davis 26).
  18. 18. EXAMPLES: Is this good paraphrase?● Original source: “If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists” (Davis 26).● Version B: If the presence of a sign-language-using chimp was disturbing for scientists studying language, it was also surprising to scientists studying animal behavior (Davis 26).
  19. 19. No! Explanation: Version B copies the sentence structure of the original source● Original source: “If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists” (Davis 26).● Version B: PLAGIARISM (structure) If the presence of a sign-language-using chimp was disturbing for scientist studying language, it was also surprising to scientists studying animal behavior (Davis 26).
  20. 20. EXAMPLES: Is this good paraphrase?● Original source: “If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists” (Davis 26).● Version C: According to Flora Davis, linguists and animal behaviorists were unprepared for the news that a chimp could communicate with its trainers through sign language (Davis 26).
  21. 21. Yes! Explanation: Version C conveys the same idea, but changes the words and sentence structure.● Original source: “If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists” (Davis 26).● Version C: GOOD PARAPHASE! According to Flora Davis, linguists and animal behaviorists were unprepared for the news that a chimp could communicate with its trainers through sign language (Davis 26).
  22. 22. Check your work:● Make copies of all research sources.● Underline all sections of sources used in paper.● Underline all cited material in paper.● Compare the two, using guidelines for paraphrasing and avoiding plagiarism.

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