Presentation skills for PhD students in JTEL Summer School
Zinayida PetrushynaChair of Computer Science 5 – Databases & Information Systems,RWTH Aachen University, GermanyAna LoureiroDepartment Educative Technologies, School of Education - Polytechnic Institute of SantarémFellow Researcher @ CIDTFF - University of Aveiro8th Joint European Summer School on TELMay 24, 2012, Estoril, Portugal
The beginning : „when i was in MIT“ allusions of famous people The middle : impress audience with how much data do you have The end : make generalizations The question and answer period : „That is extremely perceptive question which we have, of course, considered but which we discarded for obvious reasons.“Meshnick,Steven R. and Eaton, John W.(1989) „How to give a scientific talk“, The Red Cell.Seventh Ann Arbor Conference
Eye contact Open body language Gestures Usage of tools Pauses Audience „Ask your audience to count 2+2!“ – Billy Wilders7% content - 38% voice - 55% body languageMehrabian, Albert (1971). Silent Messages (1st ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
For speakers: Pick up your topic. You have one minute to talk about the fact stated in your piece of paper. Start as soon as you read the statement. Don‘t forget basics of the presentation skills.For audience: Give feedback. Use sandwich principle: notice good points, after that talk about some bad points of the presentation and end up with good points again.
No passive „Yes, we can!“ Verbs are better Neutral can be seen as negative „We may check this approach“ Short vs. long sentences
A narrative with historical background Crisis A disappointment/frustration A Possibility A crossroad A challengeAtkinson, Cliff(2005). Erzählen statt Aufzählen. Microsoft Press Deutschland
We are looking back to an event or a process within which somethingimportant was created or found. And we keep this line.Example: Describe the process of classical beer brewing and go on withyour DIY approach of brewing.
We should react on dangers that threaten us.Example: We are threatened by garbage islands appearing all over theworld. Engineers are looking for new recycling techniques to avoidecological catastrophe.
We made a decision based on the data we had. Now we know that thedecision was not correct and we are looking for alternatives.Example: Accidents on nuclear power plants made a lot of Europeanpoliticians to rethink decisions concerning nuclear power in their countriesand support the development of alternative energy technologies.
We know more than before and see new possibilities that we can try.Example: The appearance of Semantic Web and Linked Data initiative let ussemantically compare content in information systems.
We managed to solve our problems by well-established processes ortechniques but now there are alternatives that we can consider and weshould decide what techniques we should choose.Example: constructivism and social constructivism
Somebody else managed to perform something challenging that affect ourwork. Can we do the same? Can we do better?Example: First water-resistant smartphone manufacture established thenew niche in the market of mobile phone products and engaged other mobilemakers in to developing water-resistant smartphones.
Describe an example or a use case from yourthesis using one of the story types.
Where are you going to present? Check the room: where the audience sits; where are the lights; where are you going to stand. Who is your audience? What are you presenting? Train your speech. How are you presenting? Check your tools and be ready to present without tools if any technical problem appears.