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Software and the law


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Software and the law

  1. 1. SOFTWARE AND THE LAW Georgi Petrov Dec/07/2007
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Why law is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why law is necessary <ul><li>Free-rider ‘problem’ </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study from Bulgaria </li></ul><ul><li>Internet and international principles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Intellectual Property Rights <ul><li>Market excludability </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright & Patent </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Rights </li></ul><ul><li>The Berne Convention (‘literacy and artistic works’ - 1886) </li></ul><ul><li>GATT and TRIPS </li></ul><ul><li>WIPO </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Berne Convention <ul><li>Originally since 1886 focusing on the protection of ‘literary and artistic works’ </li></ul><ul><li>Three basic principles of protection: </li></ul><ul><li>The protection given an original work in one Berne country must also be given that protection in all other Berne countries </li></ul><ul><li>Protection should be automatic and not contingent upon any formalities like marking the work as copyright with the special © symbol </li></ul><ul><li>The protection given in a Berne country should not depend upon that same protection existing in the country of origin </li></ul>
  6. 6. GATT and TRIPS <ul><li>Stands for “General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade” </li></ul><ul><li>Established after WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Currently known as WTO (World Trade Organization) </li></ul><ul><li>Hold meetings called ‘rounds’ in order to reach agreements on areas of world trade </li></ul><ul><li>TRIPS – ‘Trade-Related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’ is administered by WTO </li></ul>
  7. 7. WIPO <ul><li>Stands for ‘World Intellectual Property Organization’ </li></ul><ul><li>Act as a secretariat for major intellectual property conventions </li></ul><ul><li>Provide assistance about intellectual property rights </li></ul>
  8. 8. Contracts <ul><li>Failure conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Warranty </li></ul><ul><li>Force majeur circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Letter of intent </li></ul>
  9. 9. Responsibilities <ul><li>Data protection law </li></ul><ul><li>Product Liability and Negligence </li></ul><ul><li>Health and Safety Office space, temperature, humidity and air quality of the working environment </li></ul><ul><li>EU – good practice into regulation! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Case Study – <ul><li>Lack of responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Fully legal </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing more than computer users intermediary </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank you! <ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>