24.08 to 28.2009

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24.08 to 28.2009

  1. 1. From Lobato to Tupi 70 years of results and challenges for People and Technology José Sergio Gabrielli de Azevedo Petrobras President
  2. 2. End of 1950’s National Production: 51.000 bopd National Consumption: 220.000 bopd 1958 Oilfields end of 50´s (Reconcavo basin) An exploratory “reality”: no oil fields in the paleozoic basins! Geologist and geophysicist need to search new exploratory areas Lessons learned: Brazil and Petrobras needed Geologist and training program
  3. 3. Petrobras Training Process in the 50’s & 60’s Petrobras and University of Bahia Convenia Beginning of Geology graduation courses in Brazilian Universities Specialization courses in USA Petrobras Geologist and Geophysicists (~300) 1957 First Graduation in Geology Engineer-geologist Foreign Brazilian Petrobras Pioneer Petrobras Pioneer Geophysicist Geophysical Observer
  4. 4. Petrobras First Brazilian Geologists Employees CENAP Geologist and Geophysicist Students 1957 Petrobras in the beginning of Training and Research Activities
  5. 5. 1960’s First Giant Result Carmópolis Field the first giant 1963 Carmópolis
  6. 6. Middle 60’s E&P Target: Exploration in onshore basins Buracica (BA) 1965 National Production: National Production: 93.988 bopd 93.988 bopd National Consumption: 331.000 bopd National Consumption: 331.000 bopd
  7. 7. End of 60´s No perspectives for self-sufficiency Search of a New Exploration Scenario for Prospection Geologist and Geophysicist must learn how to discovery oil in Offshore Sedimentary Basin Technology and Training Program
  8. 8. Technological Innovation Digital Technology and First Brazilian Processing Center (1968) Petrobras made a Geophysical Prospection in a Regional Scale at Brazilian Continental Platform to map new exploratory prospects (Digital 2D Seismic) To reveal the first Offshore Oil Prospects (Guaricema, Garoupa, Namorado,…) Petroleum industry worldwide start to incorporated Digital Technology to improve Seismic Resolution and Exploratory Results.
  9. 9. First oilfield discovered at Brazilian offshore São Francisco delta 1-SES-1 1968 Structural map Base of Calumbi Fm. 1-SES-1 SES- Base of Calumbi Fm. Guaricema Field (1-SES-1) The first offshore discovery Bisol, 1968
  10. 10. Moving to Campos basin - Garoupa First oilfield The first discovery Campos basin 1974 Albian Carbonates 2D Seismic technology/interpretation revealed the first oilfield at Campos basin.
  11. 11. First Giant Offshore Results Campos Basin 1975 Namorado Field The first giant in turbidite reservoirs 2D Seismic interpretation revealed the first giant oilfield at Campos basin. The first result with Seismic Attribute Technology to identify reservoir with oil, like a Direct Hydrocarbon Identification (DHI).
  12. 12. End of 70´s Geologist and Geophysicist worldwide works to increase Exploratory Success Rate using 3D Seismic Technology Petrobras Geologist and Geophysicist after Guaricema, Namorado e Marlim oilfields discovered start to use 3D seismic technology to address Self-Sufficiency challenge
  13. 13. From Cherne (1978) to Tupi (2001) 3D Seismic Technology Key technology for E&P 30 Campos basin oilfields discovered with 2D Seismic Technology 58 Campos basin oilfields discovered with 2D and 3D Seismic Technology
  14. 14. Early 1980’s Petrobras Geologist and Geophysicists (~700) 1961 First Graduation in Geology Engineer-geologist Continuing internal training programs Geologist and geophysicist worldwide and at Petrobras incorporated Digital and 3D Seismic Technologies increasing Exploratory Success Rate.
  15. 15. Self-Sufficiency Challenge require more Agreements between Petrobras and Brazilian Universities Master and Ph.D. programs on Geophysics, Petrology, Sedimentology. Intensive training abroad: Geophysics Ph.D. programs Advances on Stratigraphy and Seismic-Stratigraphy Capacitation in turbidites - Field courses Knowledge and people skill development in carbonates Tectonics and basin modelling
  16. 16. Marlim, a giant in deep waters 1985 2,7 Billions barrels of reserves • Geological Models for deep water siliciclastic systems supported seismic acquisition/processing in deep water Petrobras seismic processing technology (DEFANINST), shows that the original position of the first well at Marlim was placed not in the best position. After seismic re-processing the RJS-219 well was placed in the discovery position.
  17. 17. Early 1990’s Petrobras Geologist and Geophysicists (~1,000) 1987 Petrobras Geologists & Geophysicist beyond 1,000 1961 First Graduation in Geology Engineer-geologist With continuous internal training programs New geologist and geophysicist learned with experience of his colleagues. But, still had the challenge to search new exploratory opportunities, not only in Campos basin. New sedimentary basin - new geological challenges!
  18. 18. Early 2000’s - Expanding Exploratory Frontiers
  19. 19. Proved Reserves 2008 (SPE)
  20. 20. 4D Seismic Technology at Marlim oilfield A key technology for Petrobras´s E&P Strategic Recovery Program Marlim oilfield recovery factor increased from 35 to 65% due to 4D and in-fill drilling program. 4D Seismic technology allows reservoir management to identify oil not yet produced. Water injection Gas
  21. 21. Santos Basin: existing challenges in the middle 1990’s The key question for geologists: was there a rift like Campos beneath the salt? 2D seismic quality, resolution and imaging was poor! NW How to identify Pre-Salt prospects? SE 3000 4000 5000 6000 ? ? ? 2D seismic line (time) ? 4702m ?
  22. 22. Late 90´s: delineation of the rift E&P first strategy: new acquisition and processing of 2D seismic data 2D seismic quality, resolution and imaging were improved! NW SE 2000 Seismic Quality, Resolution and Imaging became a crucial element to identify and to characterize Santos basin Pre-Salt reservoirs. 3000 Top K 4000 Evaporites 5000 Rift 6000 5 km
  23. 23. Pre-salt province : the dawn of a new era
  24. 24. Tupi Seismic Image: the first Brazilian Super Giant Seismic Interpretation helped Petrobras to reveal reserves of 5 to 8 BBO W Loc.TUPI E 2000 w.d.=2.140m w.d.=2.140m 3000 Top Salt 4000 5000 Base salt 6000 f.d.=6.000m f.d.=6.000m 7000 2,0km + -
  25. 25. 3D Seismic Structural Map of Tupi IRACEMA Iracema (NW) / Tupi (NE) structural complex N RJS628A Area: 1.974km2 RJS646 6,3km Base of Salt
  26. 26. Geologists and Geophysicists in Petrobras (~1,500) Training 2003/2008 Total investments (US$) Brazil: 120 MM Abroad: 24 MM E0823 Foreign Brazilian
  27. 27. Petrobras Geophysical Main Current Projects Data Acquisition (> 20,000 km2 of new data): - 4D Ocean Bottom Cable Seismic (~1,100 km2) - 4D High Resolution Data Seismic (~10,000 km2) - 3D High Resolution Data Seismic (~9,000 km2) Tupi new seismic HR data. - 3D Offshore Exploratory Data - 3D Rio Urucu Project (Amazonas) - 05 Onshore Seismic Crew (Potiguar, Reconcavo, Se-Al) - 01 Eletromagnetic Acquisition Project Data Processing (BR world center of seismic processing): - In-house seismic processing 3D and 4D projects - Two New dedicated 4D Seismic Processing Centers - New In-house seismic algorithm and methodologies in development - Breakthrough technology in computer infrastructure Data Interpretation (high level of geological knowledge): - More than 250 geophysicists interpreter working at E&P - Development of new seismic attributes algorithm - 3D and 4D seismic interpretation projects in the most important oilfields
  28. 28. Petrobras Partners Partnership with service companies to achieve planned results in E&P projects
  29. 29. Impressive record of accelerating development People and technology are crucial for Petrobras projects! 54 years 16 years 22 years 27 years 45 years 12 years Number of years Production since founding Discovery of Garoupa in the Discovery of giant fields in Campos Basin Discovery of the Pre-salt, Cam pos Basin (1974) inc. Albacora/Marlim including Parati (2006) of Petrobras (1954)
  30. 30. Carefully crafted spending program to support our vision Business Plan 2009-2013 PN 2009‐13 | Brazil/International 2% 2% 2% 3% US$ 174.4 billion 9% 7% 5.6 3.0 E&P 2.8 16.2 US$ 174.4 billion 11.8 RTC 3.2 Brazil G&E International Petrochemicals 158.2 43.4 104.6 (*) Distribution 25% 59% Biofuels 91% Corporate Business Plan 2008-12 2% 1% 2% 4% US$ 112.4 billion 6% 4.3 2.6 E&P 6.7 1.5 US$ 17.0 billion 2.5 RTC G&E allocated to Exploration 26% 29.6 65.1 Petrochemicals Distribution 59% Biofuels Corporate
  31. 31. Pursuing new projects while maximizing production from existing assets Petrobras Total Production (000 b/d) 5,729 223 409 7.5% p.y. 1,177 3,655 5.6% p.y. 131 2,757 210 2,400 8.8% p.y. 634 2,223 2,305 2,308 103 2,042 2,027 100 142 1,812 96 101 109 1,637 124 463 23 85 94 163 142 126 321 24 35 161 168 277 273 3,920 44 274 252 251 265 232 2,680 1,792 1,855 2,050 1,540 1,684 1,778 1,335 1,500 1,493 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2013 2020 Oil production ‐ Brazi l Ga s producti on ‐ Bra zil Oil  Product ‐ Internationa l Ga s Product ‐ Inte rna tiona l
  32. 32. Pre-salt oil production Petrobras Pre‐salt Oil Production (000 b/d) 1,815 1,336 632 4 63 219 582 1 60 1,18 3 62 8 73 1 57 4 22 2013 2015 2017 2020 Pre‐Salt Petrobras Pre‐salt Partners Pre‐salt Capex Through 2020 2009-2013 2009 -2020 Petrobras Total Pre-salt Capex (Production Development) 28.9 111.4 Santos Basin Pre-salt 18.6 98.8 Es pírito Santo Pre-salt (includes post-salt fields) 10.3 12.6
  33. 33. Production increase followed by increase in domestic oil products market RNE 230 M UPB Premium I 150 M (600 M bpd) e bpd Premium II (300 M Others REPLAN 2011 bpd bpd) Revamp Dec/2012 33 M bpd 1st Phase: 2013 REPAR 2nd Phase: 2015 2010 Fuel Oil Revamp 5,729 25 M bpd Clara  2011 Camarão Diesel Refinery 2010 7,5% p.a. Jet Fuel 3,920 m bpd 3,655 Naphtha 2,680 2,876 400 2,301 2,400 2,257 150 Gasoline 1,906 274 1,945 112 182 202 1,855 119 1,792 107 1224 901 LPG 738 783 179 84 118 89 255 246 250 218 326 332 367 419 Oil Production in Brazil 208 214 230 257 2007 2008E 2013E 2020E Oil and Gas Production in Brazil and Abroad
  34. 34. Petrobras research center: technological innovation for the next decades GAS & ENERGY, TERMINALS AND BIOFUELS PROJECTS GAS Y ENERGY 1st investme nt cycle 2nd investme nt cycle (until 2010) (2011 on) + 2,332 km of gas pipelines until 2010 + 307 km of gas pipelines + 19 new power plants + new com pression stations; + 1,236 MW until 2010 + 2 LNG terminals (Terminal Regás-Flex) + GNL Term inal + natural gas power plants TERMINALS - 26 offshore terminals, operated by means of monobuoys or buoys arrays - 20 land terminals. - 20 onshore terminals. - Total Investments in logistics : US$ 3.7 billion between 2009-2013 (pipelines and terminals); PN 2009-13 BIOFUELS Strategy: US$ 2.8 BILLION 16% To establish a global presence in the biofuels segment, with a particular focus on biodiesel and 84% ethanol . Etanol Biodiesel
  35. 35. Petrobras research center: technological innovation for the next decades Partnership with over 120 universities and research centers in Brazil, and 70 Institutions abroad. Investments in Technology Technological programs 2009-2013 US$ 4.0 billion 25% 1.0 Basin Deep and H eavy Frontier Ultra-deep Enhanced M odeling O il Pr e-salt Refining 47% Areas Water s O il 1.9 Recovery 5% 0.2 0.9 23% O ptimization Renewable Fuel Energy C limate E&P Downstream & Transpor tatio Natur al Gas Envir onment Innovation and C hanges Reliability n Bio Fuels G&E Corp. (Cenpes)
  36. 36. Challenges for geologist and geophysicist To find supergiant and giant oilfield is NOT impossible! To discovery small and middle size oilfield with production facilities established could be very good business. Companies with more than 300 oilfields need always to optimize fields Recovery Factor with new update technology. For search new exploratory frontiers and for optimize the recovery factor we need geologist and geophysicist with knowledge, motivation and open mind for new technologies. Keep the integration between Geologist and Geophysicist skills is a key value of Petrobras E&P expertise.
  37. 37. Conclusion The successful history of petroleum exploration and production of Petrobras was marked by paradigms breaks: hard work, determination, and competence are the key elements. Breaking paradigms is facing risks. Definitively Petrobras is not a risk-aversion company. The human mind, birthplace of creativity and knowledge and its continuous development are the most valuable assets of Petrobras exploratory and production process
  38. 38. Conclusion The geologic and geophysical knowledge is the technical foundation for Petrobras exploratory and production investments. It is based on the continuous evaluation of Brazilian sedimentary basins as a whole, not only blocks. It is supported by efficient training and technological development. The commitment to Brazil and the Brazilian people is on the basis of Petrobras employee enthusiasm. Geophysical Technology and Geophysicist Community commitment are fundamental elements for Petrobras E&P Activity.

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