Affricate sounds 2010

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Further Discussion on Affricate Sounds.

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Affricate sounds 2010

  1. 1. Affricate Sounds A further enquiries
  2. 2. Preliminary Perspective <ul><li>An Affricate is sound is, under a preliminary perspective, are a non-stop combination of sounds begun by a plosive (total stop of air causing an explotion) sound and immediatelt followed by a fricative (friction) sound. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Affricate Sounds of English <ul><li>There are two affricate sounds in english. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In this affricate sound, the first sound is / t / </li></ul><ul><li>This sound is produced with the tip of the tongue placed in the alveolar ridge, </li></ul><ul><li>The air flow is obstructed and the released, WITHOUT making the vocal fold vibrate. </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately, the second sound is produced </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The second sound is </li></ul><ul><li>This sound is produced with the tip of the tongue in the post-alveolar region (a little behind the alveolar ridge). </li></ul><ul><li>The air is let loose producing a hissing sound -It produces friction. </li></ul><ul><li>The vocal folds don’t vibrate either. </li></ul>
  6. 6. First Stage: Source: http://www.uiowa.edu/~acadtech/phonetics/english/frameset.html
  7. 7. Second Stage: Source: http://www.uiowa.edu/~acadtech/phonetics/english/frameset.html
  8. 8. <ul><li>In the second affricate sound of English, the first sound is / d /. </li></ul><ul><li>This sound is produced with the tip of the tongue placed in the alveolar ridge, </li></ul><ul><li>The air flow is obstructed and the released, MAKING the vocal fold VIBRATE . </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately, the second sound is produced </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The second sound is </li></ul><ul><li>This sound is produced with the tip of the tongue in the post-alveolar region (a little behind the alveolar ridge). </li></ul><ul><li>The air is let loose producing a hissing sound -It produces friction. </li></ul><ul><li>The vocal folds DO vibrate . </li></ul>
  10. 10. First Stage: Source: http://www.uiowa.edu/~acadtech/phonetics/english/frameset.html
  11. 11. Second Stage: Source: http://www.uiowa.edu/~acadtech/phonetics/english/frameset.html
  12. 12. Further Discussion <ul><li>Peter Roach in his book English phonetics and phonology: a practical course (Cambridge, 3rd edition, 2009) points out that not all the combination of plosive+fricative sounds are considered Affricate Sounds </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>It is said that these type of combinations need to be HOMORGANIC , that means, they must be produced with the same articulators . </li></ul><ul><li>In this way the combination / ks / of the word ta x i is not considered an affricate because the sounds are not prouced with the same articulators </li></ul>
  13. 13. See: <ul><li>http://books.google.cl/books?id=u29ff2oIPk8C&pg=PA48&lpg=PA48&dq=what%27s+an+affricate+sound%3F+roach&source=bl&ots=56mem1aAZX&sig=gNL3zJzj-pswnZko_TqIB-3lZmQ&hl=es&ei=cQPiS_3oKYOY8ASmysTvAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CAYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false </li></ul><ul><li>Pages 48-49 </li></ul><ul><li>Here is a part of the book, copy and paste on the browser </li></ul>

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