Fab Lab Society?

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Presentation given to the 1st Social Fab Conference (Tokyo, 31 Aug 2013) and the "Beppu Bay Conference" (Oita, 1 Sept 2013)

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Fab Lab Society?

  1. 1. Fab  Lab  Society?       Peter  Troxler,  Research  Professor  
  2. 2. What  is  Happening?   1.  Changes  on  the  surface   2.  Changes  underneath   3.  Changes  in  pracDce  
  3. 3. What  is  Happening?   1.  Changes  on  the  surface   2.  Changes  underneath   3.  Changes  in  pracDce  
  4. 4.  12,800,000  results    1,570,000  blogs    17,300,000  videos    519,000  discussions  
  5. 5. Industrial  RevoluDon   •  Neil  Gershenfeld,  2005:   Fab.  The  Coming  RevoluDon  on  Your  Desktop   •  Jeremy  RiTin,  2011:   The  Third  Industrial  RevoluDon.  How  Lateral  Power  is   Transforming  Energy,  the  Economy,  and  the  World.     •  Chris  Anderson,  2012:   Makers:  The  New  Industrial  RevoluDon   •  Peter  Marsh,  2012:   The  New  Industrial  RevoluDon:  Consumers,   GlobalizaDon  and  the  End  of  Mass  ProducDon  
  6. 6. Jeremy  RiTin   [T]he conventional top-down organization of society that characterized much of the economic, social, and political life of the fossil-fuel based industrial revolutions is giving way to distributed and collaborative relationships in the emerging green industrial era. We are in the midst of a profound shift in the very way society is structured, away from hierarchical power and toward lateral power. (Rifkin 2011, p. 36f.)
  7. 7. Jeremy  RiTin   1st  revoluDon     AutomaDc   prinDng  press   Steam-­‐powered   technology         19th  century   2nd  revoluDon     Electrical     communicaDon   Oil-­‐powered   combusDon   engine     20th  century   3rd  revoluDon     Internet   Renewables   Smart  buildings   Smart  grid   E-­‐mobility  
  8. 8. ©  2010  Kevin  Dooley,  cc-­‐by   2nd  revoluDon     Electrical   communicaDon     Oil-­‐powered   combusDon   engine     20th  century   ©  2011  Waag  Society,  cc-­‐by-­‐nc-­‐nd   ©  1968,  Elgin  County  Archives,  St.  Thomas  Times-­‐Journal  fonds   1st  revoluDon     AutomaDc   prinDng  press     Steam-­‐powered   technology       19th  century   3rd  revoluDon     Internet       Renewable   energy       21st  century  
  9. 9. ©  1907  E.A.  Thomson   Bu`e-­‐Silver  Bow  Public  Library     2nd  revoluDon     Electrical   communicaDon     Oil-­‐powered   combusDon   engine     20th  century   ©  2009  mars_discovery_district,  cc-­‐by-­‐nc-­‐  sa   1st  revoluDon     AutomaDc   prinDng  press     Steam-­‐powered   technology       19th  century   3rd  revoluDon     Internet       Renewable   energy       21st  century   ©  2011  adafruit,  cc-­‐by-­‐nc-­‐sa  
  10. 10. •  Icon   steam  engine  >  conveyor  belt  >  3D  printer   •  Actor   capitalist  >  management  consultant  >  maker   •  Structure   paDarchical  >  hierarchical  >  lateral   •  Supply  Chain   colonial  >  global  >  conDnental  /  regional  
  11. 11. •  Transport   railway  >  automobile  &  air  travel  >  ???   •  CiDes   crowded  inner  ciDes  >  suburbia  >  ???   •  Social   working  class  >  middle  class  >  ???   •  ConsumpDon   consume  >  mass  consumpDon  >  prosumer  
  12. 12. •  Media   newspaper  >  radio  >  social  media,  UGC?   •  Encyclopedia   Diderot  >  Britannica  >  Wikipedia   •  Sofware   electromechanical  (?)  >  proprietary  >  open  source?   •  Design   craf  >  design  >  open  design    
  13. 13. What  is  Happening?   1.  Changes  on  the  surface   2.  Changes  underneath   3.  Changes  in  pracDce  
  14. 14. Chris  Anderson   •  2011:  Atoms  are  the  New  Bits  (Wired)   •  2012:  Makers.  The  New  Industrial  RevoluDon.   •  “Maker  RevoluDon”   •  Custom-­‐fabricated,  do-­‐it-­‐yourself  product   design  and  creaDon;  US  focus  
  15. 15. Neil  Gershenfeld   •  2005:  Fab.  The  Next  RevoluDon  on  Your   Desktop   •  2012:  How  to  Make  Almost  Anything.  The   Digital  FabricaDon  RevoluDon.  (Foreign  Affairs)   •  “Personal  Digital  FabricaDon”   •  Personal  fabricaDon  for  a  market  of  one   •  Locally  develop  soluDons  to  local  problems  
  16. 16. Alvin  Toffler   •  1970:  Future  Shock   •  1980:  The  Third  Wave     (2006  republished  as  RevoluDonary  Wealth)   •  Post-­‐Industrial  Society  
  17. 17. James  R.  Beniger   •  1986:  Control  RevoluDon.  Technological  and   Economid  Origins  of  the  InformaDon  Society.     •  “a  society's  ability  to  maintain  control  –  at  all   levels  from  interpersonal  to  internaDonal   relaDons  –  will  be  directly  proporDonal  to  the   development  of  its  informaDon  technologies”  
  18. 18. David  Noble   •  1988:  Forces  of  ProducDon.  A  Social  History  of   Industrial  AutomaDon.     •  division  between  white  collar  and  blue  collar   work     •  struggle  of  managers  to  gain  control  over   workers   •  “military  thrust  toward  total  control  [that]   indulged  technical  enthusiasms  while  it  raDfied   managerial  propensiDes”  
  19. 19. Shoshanna  Zuboff   •  1988:  In  the  Age  of  the  Smart  Machine     •  2002  (together  with  James  Maxmin):   The  Support  Economy   Why  CorporaDons  are  Failing  Individuals  and   the  Next  Episode  of  Capitalism   •  “TransacDon  Crisis”   •  Example:  Old  Aged  Peoples’  Homes  
  20. 20. Shumpei  Kumon   •  Info-­‐Socionomics   •  2004:  情報社会学序説  ―  ラストモダンの時代 を生きる  (Living  in  the  age  of  Last  Modern.   IntroducDon  to  Info-­‐Socionomics)   •  "Wisdom  game"  as  dominant  paradigm  in   InformaDon  society  
  21. 21. Umar  Haque   •  2011:  The  New  Capitalist  Manifesto     Building  A  DisrupDvely  Be`er  Business.  
  22. 22. Yochai  Benkler   •  2002:  Commons-­‐based  Peer-­‐ProducDon   •  2006:  Wealth  of  Networks   2011:  The  Penguin  and  the  Leviathan  
  23. 23. Beniger  –  Control  RevoluDon   Noble  –  Forces  of  ProducDon   Zuboff  –  Smart  Machine:  Technology  as  OpDon   Anderson  –  “Makers”   Gershenfeld  –  InvenDve  Power   of  the  World     Zuboff  /  Maxim  –  Distributed   Capitalism   Haque  –  ConstrucDve   Capitalism   Toffler  –  Post-­‐Industrial  Society   Kumon  –  Info-­‐Socionomics   Benkler  –  Peer  ProducDon   RiTin  –  Lateral  Power  
  24. 24. What  is  Happening?   1.  Changes  on  the  surface   2.  Changes  underneath   3.  Changes  in  pracDce  
  25. 25. h`p://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/charter  
  26. 26. Fab  FoundaDon(s)   local     meeDngs   NaDonal   Networks   Global   Fablab     User     Group   annual   workshop  &   symposium   fab  wiki   Fab   Academy    

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