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4th Industrial Revolution & Korean Historical Identity

Korean strategy for 4th Industrial Revolution should be accompanied by the grand scale shifts of national paradigm. The proud miracle of Han-River was achieved by the swift pursuit of predictable objective through the quick follower strategy. However, the quick follower strategy which focuses on efficiency is not appropriate to adopt the 4th Industrial Revolution.
The future vision is based on the history; therefore, the national consciousness on the shared national vision and values should be formed. The country that has lost its pride in history has never became the first-class nation.
We need to perceive this 4th Industrial Revolution era as the opportunity from the sky for us to transform the paradigm of the past follower strategy.

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4th Industrial Revolution & Korean Historical Identity

  1. 1. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. 1 4th Industrial Revolution & Korean Historical Identity The L a st Oppo rt unity f ro m t he Sk y KCERN Chairman Min-Hwa Lee
  2. 2. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. The Advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution 18C Steam Engine Quantitative Production Separation of Production- Consumption End of 19C- Electric Power Qualitative Production Market economy 1970’s Internet Social Connection Online Economy 2017 AI Individualization O2O Economy INNOVATION 1st & 2nd Industrial Revolution 3rd Industrial Revolution ▪ Mass production material society ▪ Popularization ▪ Offline market ▪ Hyper-connected Internet society ▪ Middle Management Revolution ▪ Online Platform 4th Industrial Revolution ▪ Hyper-connected intelligence society ▪ Professional revolution ▪ O2O convergence 2 Global GDP
  3. 3. 3 “Mastering the 4th Industrial Revolution” Big data / Industrial Internet / Sensor / Customization / AI / Self-driving cars / Smart City / Sharing economy / Data Science / Machine learning / Ubiquitous / Robotics / Open source / On demand / RFID / Wearable / Cloud computing / GPS / Cyber Physical System / Virtual Reality / Bio “Change to a more intellectual society where everything is connected” Velocity, Scope, System Impact But, the 4th industrial revolution is yet to be defined CPS(Cyber Physical System) O2O(Online 2 Offline) The Advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution
  4. 4. Blind men touching an elephant? 4 Big data / Industrial Internet / AI / Self-driving Car / Smart City / Machine learning / Wearable Device / Cloud Computing/ Virtual Reality
  5. 5. 1st Revol- ution Material revolution Mass production Quantitative expansion Qualitative difconvergence Information Revolution Internet Desire for Connectivity Platform OnLine Revolution 1st, 2nd, 3rd revolution… with Offline and Online Worlds 1st , 2nd Industrial Revolution 3rd Industrial Revolution Offline Revolution
  6. 6. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. 4th IR. Convergence of Real and Virtual Worlds O2O Off-Line Reality | Thing | | Ownership | | Resource | On-Line Virtual | Information | | Sharing | | Relationship | Digitalization Analog
  7. 7. In 4th Industrial Revolution, Real and Virtual Worlds Cycle Virtuously around Human
  8. 8. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. 8 Korean Historical Identity
  9. 9. Miracle of Han River. Can it be continued? 1960s Female Factory Workers 1970s Technical Workers 1980s Corporations Salesman 1990s Engineers Late 1990s Entrepreneurs 1963~1965 • Miners sent to W. Germany • Soldiers sent to Vietnamese War 1988 Seoul Olympics 1995 Joined OECD Fast Follower Follower’s Strategy ▪Clear Objective ▪Corporations First ▪Efficiency-focused Strategy ▪Failure means ‘loser’ First Mover Leader’s Strategy ▪Uncertain Goal ▪Mutual Collaborative Ecosystem ▪Innovation-centric Strategy ▪Failure is the Basis for the Innovation Economy Growth 3x Below Average Competitiveness Ranking 11th26th History is the Future!
  10. 10. Paradigm Chaos Of Convergence Age Escape from Poverty (Money) Definitive Objective Conglomerate-centered Culture Avoid Failure Efficiency & Sincerity Education to Seek Answer Support & Regulation National Support Practical Learning Value & Vision (Dream) Uncertain Objective Complex Ecosystem Equal Culture Support Failure Innovation & Creation Creative Education Freedom & Competition Civil Initiative History & National Identity Follower Strategy Leading Strategy
  11. 11. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. “History is a process of interaction between fact and view, and an endless conversation between past and present.” E. H. Car (Author of “What is history?”) Region Republic of Korea South-North United Korea Global Korean Network Altai Nation with no history has no future! In catch-up economy, present is important. In creative economy, history is important for future. From the Past to the Future Korea communicates with the World
  12. 12. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. 3 Major Strategies for the Convergence Age, Eurasian Network Underdeveloped Country Semi-Developed Country Advanced Country Semi-Developed Country Entry Strategy Advanced Country Entry Strategy= Trap Eurasian Network ▶Role of Eurasian Humanities Public Institution Competitiveness Open Country Leading Strategy
  13. 13. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. EURASIAN NETWORK Storytelling in Continuous Pursuit of Spiritual Elevation Global Korean People Conflicts between North and South Koreas From Peninsula Nation To Global Hub Nation! Grand EURASIAN Network Conflicts between classes and regions
  14. 14. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. EURASIAN(Mongolian) Nations
  15. 15. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. ▲ Key Country amongst Altaic Nations? -Only Korea and Japan are ranked in the top 10 globally ▲ Re-Thinking and Refiguring History -Keith Jenkins “History is written by the one who controls the world” -Mongolian empire’s history faded away by Europe and China -Region-focused  Exchange-focused ▲ Leadership of Korea? -Potential of Korea is greater than Jurchen, Turkic and Mongolian ▲ History of Excitement(흥, 興 ) over Resentment(한, 恨) Korean Leadership throughout Altai
  16. 16. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. The Silk Road Era Altai Nomad● ● ● ● ● ● ● Digital Silkroad Digital Nomad?● ● ● Elimintaion of Silk Road Decline of Altai● ● ● ● ● ● ● Will Digital Nomad revive into Digital Silkroad? From Altai Nomad to Digital Nomad
  17. 17. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. How to describe Korean Identity? Pleasure(흥) 興 Sorrow(한) 恨 Open Cycle Buzz(신바람) 百濟, 百家濟海, 高句麗 新羅 : Monopolistic trade with China, Diary of Yennin(옌닌일기) 高麗 : Songdo Accounting Books, Promissory note, Ssanghwajeom(쌍화점) Open Country of Commerce Closed Cycle Sorrow(한) Chosun(朝鮮) 500years Barter Economy , 士農工商 - Hierarchy of Social Status (Scholars,Farmers,Artisans,and Merchants) Closed Country of Agriculture South Korea North Korea South KOREA $ 28,000 North Korea $500 Agricultural or Commercial State? >>> Commercial State Korea was the world’s top 10 commercial state.
  18. 18. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. Evidential Belt of the Ancient Era Climate Change (6,000 B.C. ~ 3,000 B.C.) Source: S. Jung
  19. 19. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. ▲ Key Country amongst Altaic Nations? -Only Korea and Japan are ranked in the top 10 globally ▲ Re-Thinking and Refiguring History -Keith Jenkins “History is written by the one who controls the world” -Mongolian empire’s history faded away by Europe and China -Region-focused  Exchange-focused ▲ Leadership of Korea? -Potential of Korea is greater than Jurchen, Turkic and Mongolian ▲ History of Excitement(흥, 興 ) over Resentment(한, 恨) Korean Leadership throughout Altai
  20. 20. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. EURASIAN NETWORK Examples Finland Cooperation on Mobile Industry Hungary Bridgehead for Eastern Europe Nepal Bridgehead to India Turkey 1. The only blood allies of the EU Members 2. Bridgehead for Islamic World 3. Center country of the Turkish Union Vietnam 1. Future Powerhouse of ASEAN 2. Key location of SE Asia Mexico Bridgehead for Central Americas Peru Bridgehead for South America
  21. 21. Copyrightⓒ(사)유라시안네트워크. All rights reserved. ✓ Chinese Network, Anglo-Saxon Network ✓ Is Korea left alone from 3S? 3S (Jewish Network, Muslim Network, Latin Network, German Network, Slave Network) Experience with APEC Changes of Diplomatic Strategy Build up Mongolian Network Development Era Follow Strong Nations Advanced Era Embrace Neighboring Countries Symbolically, Embrace Mongolia Practically, Cooperative System with Japan ODA Enlargement (i.e. EDCF) Korea Development Experience to learn Foreign Diplomatic Network
  22. 22. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Culture Network; EURASIAN Humanities Advanced Era: Build Leading Culture Developing Era: Focus on Practical Studies OPEN Humanities Leadership History Philosophy Literature Archaeology Art Music Language Tradition, Fable International Seminar, Symposium, Publication Humanity EURASIAN Humanities
  23. 23. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. v 23Source: http://news.samsung.com Korean 4th Industrial Revolution & Sky-Land-Human (天地人)
  24. 24. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Science-Technology thing Economy-Society we Humanity me O2O Convergence Homo-MobiliansVirtuous Circulatory Society Hyper-Production Technology Revolution Hyper-Convergence Employment Revolution Hyper-Trust Distribution Revolution HOLOCRACY Hyper-Life Society
  25. 25. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Example of O2O Convergence: Navigator 25 Static Data(map) + Dynamic Data(traffic) Predictions and Customized Service GPS Map for Better Navigation ① Offline Landform + Vehicle = Online Map + GPS ② Combination of Dynamic(traffic) Data  Optimized Guidance ③ Guidance Adjustment based on Live Data ④ Intelligent Dispersed Direction Guidance ⑤ Recommendation of Customized Reservations Factories, Hospitals, Schools, Trips … in Every Part of Our lives Expansion of O2O Convergence
  26. 26. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. O2O Parallel Model 26 Offline Online AI + big data + cloud A better world Creation of big data Customizati on and Prediction ❷ Storage & Analysis Big Data ❶ Data Collection Internet of Everything IoT+IoB Internet of Things Internet of Biometry Data ❸ Value Creation Prediction CustomizationA.I. ❹ Optimization
  27. 27. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Convergence of Real and Virtual Worlds(O2O): AirBnb Offline Online AI+Big Data+Cloud Better World Big Data Prediction & Customization 27
  28. 28. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Innovation by Fields– Manufacturing (Caterpillar) Service into Manufacturing PSS Product Service System Collect data from sensors Tool Condition Analysis using Data Before Service Market Creation Equipment Optimization & Task EfficiencyUp Komatsu World’s No 1 Heavy Equipment Source: : KBS MyungeonManri World’s No 2 ❶ Data Collection(IoT) ❹ Optimization (Convergence of Technologies) ❸ Value Creation(A.I) ❷ Storage & Analysis (CLOUD/BIG DATA) 28
  29. 29. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Innovation in different fields – Factory (SIEMENS Smart Factory) 29 Attach sensors on each facility, establish IoT communication system Real-time automatic analysis of operation, production, quality information of each assembly process Factory automation  1/40 defect rate, 30% decrease of energy costs Real-time analysis and control of factory operation ❶ Data Collection (IoT) ❹ Optimization (Technology convergence) ❸ Value Creation (A.I) ❷ Storage & Analysis (CLOUD/BIG DATA)
  30. 30. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Innovation in different fields – Distribution (Amazon) 30 Collect customers’ purchase information data Analysis of purchase pattern Prediction of products to be purchased Decrease of distribution, logistic costs ❶ Data Collection (IoT) ❹ Optimization (Technology convergence) ❸ Value creation (A.I) ❷ Storage & Analysis (CLOUD/BIG DATA)
  31. 31. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Expansion of O2O Service  Essentials of 4th I.R. 31 WorkPlay Eat Learn TravelCommerce Ownership of Commerce to Life of Service  Time is core asset of economy
  32. 32. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. O2O Optimization & 12 Main Technologies 32 O2O A.I. 天 地 人 Expansion of Time Cloud Big Data IoT Wearable IoB GPS SNS 6 Main Digitalization Technologies Blockchain/FinTech Augmented Virtual Reality 3D Printer/DIY Gamification Platform Service Design 6 Main Analogization Technologies
  33. 33. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. O2O & Summary of 12 Main Technologies 33 6 main Digitalization Technologies 6 Main Analogization Technologies IoT Ultra-connectivity and intelligence of things GPS Digitalization of space information Cloud Virtual space for big data Big data Valuable massive data Wearable IoB Convergence of people and smart devices SNS Network facilitating the convergence of people Service design Provision of optimized service 3D printer/ DIY Realization of virtual information Gamification Combination of fun to reality Platform Sharing of repeated common capability Block chain, FinTech Dispersed trust Augmented virtual reality Experience of O2O convergence A.I.
  34. 34. Opening of the Era of Human – A.I. Collaboration 34 2015 ~ 2020 Opening of the Era of A.I as a Service
  35. 35. Value Creation through cooking data Refrigerator Ingredients Cook & Recipe Delicious dish Cloud Big data A.I. Algorithm Predictions, Customizations Zara ‘s prediction of new models Netflix’s customized recommendations Amazon’s order predictions Robo-Advisors’ investment
  36. 36. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Hyperproduction Technology Revolution Hyperconvergence Jobs Revolution Hypertrust Distribution Revolution Scientific Technology thing Humanity me 경제사회 we 선순환 사회 36 Revelation ofHolocracy where each convergence phenomenon of 3-axis is Self-Organizing Convergence of Economic Society
  37. 37. How about Economy and Society? Implement Hyper-Production By O2O Convergence of Scientific Technologies
  38. 38. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Circulation Problemof Production and Distribution Supply Production Demand DistributionCapitalism Proportional to Innovation Proportional to WelfareSocialism Capitalism 1.0 (Qualitative Supply) Neo-Liberalism 3.0(Qualitative Supply) 3 Monocyclic Solution failed!! Keynes 2.0(Qualitative Demand) Kaleckian Capitalism 4.0(Qualitative Demand) Imbalance!! (Desolation) (Polarization)
  39. 39. AreaofMarket Double Cyclic Solution – Virtuous Cycle Convergence, Win-Win Model Supply 1st Distribution SustainableSupply Innovation Demand2nd Distribution SustainableDistribution Welfare MandatoryTransparentTax Voluntary Donation Expansion Transparent,OpenSociety EliminationofDonationBarrier At first, the distribution supporting innovation causes inequality Then, narrow the inequality gap with taxation and donation AreaofGovernance
  40. 40. Governance Issues 4th Industrial Revolution Total Output Increased Distribution is the key to Utopia
  41. 41. Transparent, De-centralized Governance Establishment (Controlled  Opened) Centralization De-Centralization Self-Organization Nation-Centered Decentralization of Power Self-Government of Citizen Govt-Reg. Economy Market- Economy Sharing Economy Despotic Power Representative Democracy Direct Democratic System Govt-Reg. Finance Domestic Oligopoly Finance Fintech Telecom Companies Internet Blockchain 41Edited Park, Chankee
  42. 42. CopyrightⓒKCERN(창조경제연구회). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. AS IS TO BE BlockChain Technology and Direct Democracy BlockChain Voting Technology Development • BlockChain-Based • Transaction Cost becomes close to zero  Smart Direct Democracy! (i.e. Estonia, Switzerland) Direct Democracy & Representative Democracy • 1st Passage of a Bill Referendum • Un-polled Vote Bill Referendum 42 Compliance Cost Transaction Cost Compliance Cost Transaction Cost Transaction Cost + Compliacne Cost Transaction Cost + Compliacne Cost
  43. 43. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Enable Digitalcracy using Blockchain 43 Homo-mobilians Hyper- Life Exchange between Economy-Society Blockchain Think-Tank Hyper- Production Economic Asset Hyper-Trust Social Asset O2O & A.I. A.I. and Block-Chain are the winners of 4th I.R. – Davos Forum 박창기 자료 수정 Matthias Horx Thomas Frey Jim Dator The future political party will develop into ‘Creative Party’ like a thinktank As the internet provides the connectivity over the borders, the government system transforms into the global system Current form of government that has been lasted for 300 years is useless in the information society.
  44. 44. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Scientific Technology thing Economic Society we Revelation ofHolocracywhere each convergence phenomenon of 3-axis is Self- Organizing Convergence of Humanity New Evolution of Human Homo Mobilians 44
  45. 45. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Emergence of New Humankind: Homo Mobilians Source : hdjone1.tistory.com Homo Erectus  Homo Sapiens  Homo Digitus  45
  46. 46. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Super – human being Appearance of Homo-Mobilians Homo - Mobilians Smart Social New Life Phenomenon Clustered-Life Hyper-Human- race Five Senses Integrated Superman 46
  47. 47. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Homo-Mobilians & Evolution of Meme (Socialization) Extinction of Individual? Expansion of Individual? 47
  48. 48. 48 Small World, Small Governance Natural to help neighbors in the past Indifferent to each other today Collapse of System of Exchanges of Economic Value and Social Value When Economic Value and Social Value were exchanged Compulsory Taxation & Voluntary Common Shared Values (CSV)  Exchange of Economic Value & Social Value Society increased 1,000 times  Mega-urbanization proceeds but, Scope of Human widened 1,000 times  World Shrinked Rural Areas Urban Areas
  49. 49. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. HOLOCRACY (초생명 사회) Scientific Technology thing Economic Society we Humanity me Revelation of Holocracy where each convergence phenomenon of 3-axis is Self-Organizing O2O convergence Homo MobiliansVirtuous Cycle 49
  50. 50. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. 50 Virtuous Cycle Philosophy Area of Market Supply 1st Distribution Sustainable Supply Innovation Demand2nd Distribution Sustainable Distribution Welfare MandatoryTransparentTax Voluntary Donation Expansion Area of Governance Transparent, Open Society Monetization of Honor
  51. 51. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. 天 人地 Hongik-Human 홍익인간 弘益人間 人中天地一 天地人and Virtuous Circulatory Philosophy World of Ewha 이화세계 理化世界 一終無終一 Korean Humanity
  52. 52. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Virtuous Circulatory Management 風流=太極 Yang ▪ Business Income ▪ Value Creation ▪ Strategy ▪ Innovation ▪ Performance Ying ▪ Consumer Interests ▪ Value Distribution ▪ Organization ▪ Efficiency ▪ People ▪ Business Activity : Cycle of Value Creation and Distribution ▪ Entrepreneurial Spirit : Virtuous Cycle Leadership of Value Creation and Distribution ▪Business Model : Value Creation and Distribution Model 弘益人間 理化世界
  53. 53. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Idea of Virtuous Cycle (선순환太極사상; 相剋이순환으로相生) 인 간공 간시 간 무극 無極 혼돈 混沌 양극 兩極 대립 對立 묘합 妙合 선순환 善循環 생명 生命 상생 相生 53 InseparabilityBiploarity Time Life Chaos Conflict Virtuous Cycle Coexistence Endlessness Space Human
  54. 54. Copyrightⓒ(사)창조경제연구회(KCERN). 활용 시 인용표시 요망. Right History Onward To the Future 54
  55. 55. 10 Questions for Korean History Academics (I) Lelang Commandery and The Great Wall of China Reason for denying 1st record of historical data (i.e. History of Ancient China 사기, 한서 등 20개 이상 1차 사료 기록)? Explain the location of Galseok mountain Yoseo Gojoseon Civilization Ignore the location record of Gojoseon (i.e. 산해경 Sanhaegyeong, 태평환우기 Taepyunghwanwoogee)? Succession of Comb-Pattern Pottery, Lute-Shaped Bronze Dagger, etc? Existence of Yoseo Goguryeo Ignore the record of attacking Hebei fortress in the history of three countries? A lot of Domestic and foreign records of demonstrating (King Jangsu moves the Captial of Pyengyang to Joyang) ? Record of Yoseo Baekje A number of historical records (History of Song, Tang. Dynasty) Explanation method for historical records (i.e. 공손씨와 혼인 Marriage with Ms. Gongson , 동성왕과 북위의 전쟁 the War between King Dongsung and Wee(China))? Silla Territory Location of warfare between Silla and Tang? Record showing that Silla’s northern region is Jilin (흥정만류고 History of Ancient Manchu)? 55
  56. 56. 10 Questions for Korean History Academics (II) Identity of Balhae Restoration of Goguryeo territory specified in Japanese credentials and location of Balhae Match of national identity between Balhae and Goguryeo and North South States Period Capability of Goryeo Restoration of Goguryeo territory and relevant history of Korea Implication of warship guns, double-entry bookkeeping, metal type and trade giant Map of the Joseon Dynasty The Land of Chosun is north of Aprok and Dooman River according to Dynasty of Chung Baekdusan National Boundary Monument at the border of Tomun River Jurchen, Jin and Qing Dynasty Manchurian Dynasties records the origin of Goryeo in the History of Aisin Gurun(금서) and etc. National identity of Jurchen who lived in Gojoseon, Goguryeo, and Balhae riverside areas Relationship between South Korea and Japan Reason of excluding Dokdo Island in Northeast Asian historical map Imna History of Japan (임나일본부; 任那日本府說) denies the History of Gaya 56
  57. 57. Thank you | KCERN Chairman | Min-Hwa Lee, mhleesr@gmail.com

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  • ssuser77a29b1

    Nov. 6, 2017
  • EileenChen2

    Mar. 12, 2018

Korean strategy for 4th Industrial Revolution should be accompanied by the grand scale shifts of national paradigm. The proud miracle of Han-River was achieved by the swift pursuit of predictable objective through the quick follower strategy. However, the quick follower strategy which focuses on efficiency is not appropriate to adopt the 4th Industrial Revolution. The future vision is based on the history; therefore, the national consciousness on the shared national vision and values should be formed. The country that has lost its pride in history has never became the first-class nation. We need to perceive this 4th Industrial Revolution era as the opportunity from the sky for us to transform the paradigm of the past follower strategy.

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