Sped413 wk1 hm


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Chapter 1 powerpoint

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  • I totally agree in the collaboration approach with teachers working together both in special education and general education to create a plan to help support the students specfic needs in learning. They can provide a curriculum that will fit the students specific disabilities to help them in achievement. Also parents can provide some additional information of their child’s strengths and weakness, because they are aware of their child’s learning abilities.
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Sped413 wk1 hm

  1. 1. Chapter 1<br />Critical Legislation<br />Key Elements of Special Education Today<br />NCLB<br />PL 94-142<br />IDEA<br />Section 504<br />ADA<br />Standards-based education<br />Student accountability<br />Inclusion<br />RTI<br />UDL<br />Differentiated Instruction<br />Evidence-Based Practices<br />Diversity Consideration<br />
  2. 2. NCLB<br />No Child Left Behind Act<br />Passed: 2001<br />Focus on:<br />Increased accountability<br />Parent & Student choices<br />Greater flexibility for schools, school districts, & states in regards to fund disbursement<br />Put reading (and scientific-based instruction) first<br />Employ highly qualified teachers<br />
  3. 3. PL 94-142 & IDEA<br />Defining the Legislation<br />PL 94-142: Education for All Handicapped Children (initial version of IDEA, passed 30 years ago).<br />IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act<br />Highlighting the Key Provisions<br />Free, appropriate public education<br />Appropriate evaluation<br />Individualized Education Program (IEP)<br />Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)<br />Parent & Student Participation<br />Procedural safeguards<br />
  4. 4. Section 504<br />Affects students with traits that limit their learning ability.<br />Traits could be physical or mental, but somehow affect negatively affect way individual lives their life.<br />Provides service for those not under IDEA but still require some accommodations to succeed.<br />
  5. 5. ADA<br />Americans with Disabilities Act<br />A 1990 landmark decision.<br />Guaranteed widespread civil rights for coverage for individuals with disabilities.<br />Prevent discrimination of persons that would be otherwise qualified for employment.<br />
  6. 6. Standards-Based Education<br />Create a common set of goals to ensure students can demonstrate skills and knowledge of core subject areas.<br />Curriculum must be tied to state-decided content and performance standards.<br />Note: standards do exist for areas other than core content.<br />
  7. 7. Student Accountability<br />Emphasized by the passing of NCLB act and focus on standards-based reform.<br />Students with disabilities can and will take state-wide or district-wide tests; usually taken with some form of accommodation.<br />How students will be examined is determined in IEP.<br />
  8. 8. Inclusion<br />Attitude & philosophy of treating all students as valued and respected members of a class (or community); includes concepts of opportunities and rewards.<br />Including students with special needs and instilling a sense of belonging in students.<br />
  9. 9. RTI<br />Response to Intervention<br />A tiered curriculum that creates levels of intervention to meet a student’s needs; the intensity of the intervention does increase as the student progresses.<br />Usually three tiers, sometimes four tiers.<br />Research-based, and some tiers can be used in either a general education classroom or with a supplemental core curriculum.<br />
  10. 10. UDL<br />Universal Learning Design<br />All about eliminating barriers for all students, proactive in design.<br />Tailor curriculum to students and their needs; play to students’ interests and give choices.<br />3 Areas:<br />Representation of material<br />Engagement with material<br />Action and Expression of knowledge<br />
  11. 11. Differentiated Instruction<br />Meets the student where they are, individualizing instruction.<br />Meet a wide range of student needs with a general education classroom; helps students grow and achieve.<br />Similar concept to universal design for learning.<br />
  12. 12. Evidence-Based Practices<br />Goes along with accountability and greatly encourages teachers to have evidence that practices used in the classroom is used successfully with the intended audience.<br />Know what strategies work and don’t work.<br />Have a research base for education plans.<br />
  13. 13. Diversity Consideration<br />The “typical” student has changed dramatically in recent years.<br />Most students don’t resemble the stereotype.<br />Diversity is much more than a disability.<br />A suggestion: develop sensitivity and specific knowledge about needs of student’s and address those needs.<br />
  14. 14. Special Education & Instructional Strategies<br />All children can learn, but sometimes you need teamwork (including the teacher, the parents, and other teaching colleagues) and strategies to make a student’s educational experience whole.<br />