Edge Cities: The Rise of the Suburban Commuter<br />Sarah Peters<br />Andrew Weinstein<br />Penny Zuckerman<br />ES 400 Se...
Introduction<br />1991 – Edge City published<br />Edge cities<br />City decentralization and urban sprawl<br />Photo Court...
Hypotheses<br />Edge city populations increasing <br />Public transportation use decreasing<br />Human health and ecologic...
Methods<br />Expand on Garreau’s work<br />2000 US Census data<br />Center cities vs. center cities<br />Center cities vs....
Methods<br />Number of vehicles per house<br />Means of commuting<br />Travel time by means of commuting<br />
Seattle<br />Boston<br />Detroit<br />New York City<br />Salt Lake City<br />Philadelphia<br />San Francisco<br />Baltimor...
Vehicles Per House – Washington, DC Metropolitan Area<br />
Vehicles Per House – Los Angeles Metropolitan Area<br />
Discussion<br />Our hypotheses supported<br />Age and history matter<br />Longer commute = greater percent use public tran...
Conclusions<br />Garreau’s observed trends continuing<br />Ecological and social impacts<br />Concentration<br />
Future Studies<br />Metropolitan areas<br />Smart growth effective?<br />2010 Census?<br />
Bibliography<br />Banham, Reyner. Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies.  Oakland: University of California Pres...
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Edge Cities: The Rise of the Suburban Commuter

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This PowerPoint is the culmination of 4 months’ hard work and was presented to the Gettysburg College Environmental Studies Department. The project analyzed the commuting trends of suburbanites versus city citizens.

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Edge Cities: The Rise of the Suburban Commuter

  1. 1. Edge Cities: The Rise of the Suburban Commuter<br />Sarah Peters<br />Andrew Weinstein<br />Penny Zuckerman<br />ES 400 Senior Seminar<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />1991 – Edge City published<br />Edge cities<br />City decentralization and urban sprawl<br />Photo Courtesy: www.bookbyte.com<br />
  3. 3. Hypotheses<br />Edge city populations increasing <br />Public transportation use decreasing<br />Human health and ecological impacts<br />
  4. 4. Methods<br />Expand on Garreau’s work<br />2000 US Census data<br />Center cities vs. center cities<br />Center cities vs. edge cities<br />
  5. 5. Methods<br />Number of vehicles per house<br />Means of commuting<br />Travel time by means of commuting<br />
  6. 6. Seattle<br />Boston<br />Detroit<br />New York City<br />Salt Lake City<br />Philadelphia<br />San Francisco<br />Baltimore<br />Washington, DC<br />Los Angeles<br />Phoenix<br />Houston<br />Map Courtesy: http://www.netstate.com/states/index.html<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Vehicles Per House – Washington, DC Metropolitan Area<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Vehicles Per House – Los Angeles Metropolitan Area<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21. Discussion<br />Our hypotheses supported<br />Age and history matter<br />Longer commute = greater percent use public transportation <br />Center cities = fewer cars, less driving, more public transport use, and more walking<br />
  22. 22. Conclusions<br />Garreau’s observed trends continuing<br />Ecological and social impacts<br />Concentration<br />
  23. 23. Future Studies<br />Metropolitan areas<br />Smart growth effective?<br />2010 Census?<br />
  24. 24. Bibliography<br />Banham, Reyner. Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies. Oakland: University of California Press, 2001.<br />Garreau, Joel. Edge City – Life on the New Frontier. Knopf Doubleday Publishing, 1991.<br />Owen, David. Green Metropolis. New York: Riverhead Books, 2009.<br />University of Minnesota. National Historical Geographic System. 2000. Web.<br />U.S. Census Bureau. Data Access Tools. Web.<br />

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