Gerry Folan Brussels May 2009


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Presentation by OPEN CITIES partner Dublin about their approach to making the city attractive and issues arising in the recession

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Gerry Folan Brussels May 2009

  1. 1. Gerry Folan, Office for Integration Migration Citylab – Brussels 26 th May 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Immigration is relatively recent phenomenon Irish context </li></ul><ul><li>Emigration history more familiar </li></ul><ul><li>Influx of migration has been a key factor of Irelands exceptional economic growth over the last 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively liberal labour market policy. </li></ul><ul><li>4m population and an immigrant population of over 10% immigration/integration key policy issue </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Economic downturn slowdown in new migration </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of increasing outflows of population </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration remains a permanent part of our sociocultural landscape. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration challenge </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>The Irish Story
  3. 3. Profile Immigrant population   The Census shows that Dublin City has the highest concentration of non-nationals anywhere in the state, with the figure standing at 15.1 per cent of total population. Of this figure, it is apparent that there is a particular concentration of eastern European migrants, notably from Poland .  
  4. 4. Nationality in Dublin City (2006)
  5. 5. <ul><li>IMPACTS </li></ul><ul><li>Socio Cultural – Embracing new diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Citymix over 100 nationalities living in the city </li></ul><ul><li>ethnic media </li></ul><ul><li>ethnic food </li></ul><ul><li>ethnic clubs </li></ul><ul><li>ethnic music </li></ul><ul><li>cultural festivals and events </li></ul><ul><li>emerging markets , restaurants , shops </li></ul><ul><li>places of worship </li></ul><ul><li>cultural outlook receptive towards </li></ul><ul><li>new experience </li></ul><ul><li>low levels of racism in the city </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>inner city schools now have majority of non national children </li></ul><ul><li>demand for additional supports language and special needs support </li></ul><ul><li>emergency response to demand for school places for non national children </li></ul><ul><li>Intercultural strategy for education </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>sufficient supply and a strong rental market </li></ul><ul><li>demand for social housing has not been a dominant factor to date </li></ul><ul><li>changed economic situation demand on social housing will increase </li></ul><ul><li>Increased homelessless among migrants </li></ul><ul><li>little no evidence of ghettoisation </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>increase demand on health services </li></ul><ul><li>25% health workers of immigrant origin immigrants make vital contribution to sustaining services </li></ul><ul><li>Intercultural health strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Major sporting organisations </li></ul><ul><li>adopting intercultural strategies </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>.   Impacts contd:
  7. 7. <ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants represent 2.5% people on City electoral register. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no elected members from non national background on city council . </li></ul><ul><li>N umber of central city elec toral wards now have majority ethnic population. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants regardless of status have right to vote in local elections. </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant voters initiative project to promote political participation. </li></ul><ul><li>New candidates emerging for local elections June 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Impacts contd:
  8. 8.   <ul><li>N o evidence of spatial segregation and there is reasonable spread of ethnic communities throughout the city </li></ul><ul><li>Some evidence of clustering and concentration particularly in central area. </li></ul><ul><li>P roximity to employment particularly services and construction,transport,adequate supply rental housing, and attraction of centre city living. </li></ul>Spatial Impacts      
  9. 9. Rathmines Ballsbridge Crumlin Clontarf Ballymun Beaumont Finglas Drumcondra Raheny Coolock Kilmainham Cabra Ashtown Glasnevin Kimmage Ballyfermot Terenure Ethnic Minorities Total as Local % < 5% 5-10%   10-25%     >50%   25-50%
  10. 10. <ul><li>Economic impacts – Pre 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Migration has been driven by labour market demand in a period of unprecedented economic growth. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP annual 6.7% growth 1997-2005 major contribution by migrant labour </li></ul><ul><li>Labour force participation rates were up to 80 per cent for migrants, compared to a national participation rate of 64.5 per cent in 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>16 per cent of the total workforce was comprised of non-Irish nationals in 2008 . </li></ul><ul><li>Sectors employment concentration migrant labour </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing 19.4% Wholesale Retail 18.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels & Restaurants 37.7% Construction 16% </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels & Restaurants 37.7% Financial & Business services 16.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Health 14% Public Admin 1.9% </li></ul>Economic Impacts The city relies heavily on foreign investment and has been particularly successful in developing clusters in ICT, Financial Services and Life Sciences. The Dublin Region continues to attract word class global companies from these locations including the likes of Ebay, Google, IBM, and Wyeth. The top clusters that Dublin attracts in FDI are in ICT and Electronics (48 per cent of national projects) and Financial & Business Services (56 per cent of national projects). Dublin has also been successful in attracting some major life science projects (18 per cent of all projects).(FT Intelligence 2008
  11. 11. <ul><li>Economic impacts – Post 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp Increase in national unemployment – now 10.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Construction,retail,hotel and restaurants significant decline </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on migrant population increase unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>City has largest migrant population in state </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse impact social exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>International mobility patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Need to attract new migrants </li></ul><ul><li>High value skills </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Over 90 per cent increase in the live register </li></ul><ul><li>Over 20 per cent now non nationals </li></ul>Live Register
  13. 13. Unemployment -Unemployment up to 7 per cent - Latest estimates from Q1 2009 up to 11.4 per cent back to 1997 levels
  14. 14. Unemployment rates of immigrants typically exceed those of natives so Ireland no different. But there was an acceleration in the rate of unemployment among immigrants for much of 2008, especially among accession state nationals ( Source ESRI data 2009)
  15. 15. Annual employment growth of immigrants was huge but steep decline in 2008, turning negative in Q4 2008 and exceeding the rate of decline among natives ( Source ESRI data 2009)
  16. 17. “ Towards Integration A City Framework ” is a strategic initiative of Dublin City Development Board led by Dublin City Council to develop a whole city approach to integration. “ While management of immigration is a matter for government, integration is a responsibility which falls on the city and its network of agencies.”
  17. 18. The Vision “ Dublin City is a city of welcome, that creates trust, appreciation and protection for all its people and all its communities. A city that consciously celebrates diversity .”
  18. 19. The Principles <ul><li>   Promotes e quality </li></ul><ul><li>   Prevents r acism, exclusion, restriction or preference </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes i nterculturalism, interaction, understanding and integration </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes h uman r ights </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents p overty </li></ul>
  19. 20. “ Integration is a reciprocal process of adaptation over time between the individual migrant and the host society and is achieved through structural participation, social interaction and cultural competence ” Integration definition
  20. 21. Integration Framework <ul><li>The policy framework outlines the context of migration and settlement patterns in the city for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>It sets a starting point to encourage all the partners/stakeholders at city level, in particular public service providers, to take ownership of integration. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Integration Framework <ul><li>It consolidates research and information and draws on evolving national policy, European principles on integration and the experience of cities with a migration history. </li></ul><ul><li>It identifies key issues on information, services and barriers to progress. </li></ul><ul><li>It sets out a policy framework and a template for actions. </li></ul>
  22. 23. The leaders of key state and city organisations come together in City Hall to sign a formal Declaration on Integration for Dublin City. This Declaration is unique in the Irish context establishing a pact on integration at city level and a strong message of commitment to the immigrant population of the city. Dublin City Declaration on Integration
  23. 24.          Dublin City Charter Leadership Communication / Interaction / Engagement Intercultural City / Learning / Exchange Organisation Services / Change / Adaptation Traveller Focus Implementation / Partnership Representation / Participation Integration Support / Funding Capacity City Commitment to Anti-Racism & Discrimination Monitor / Observation Monitor and Review Progress implementation of Traveller Inter Agency Initiatives on employment ,education ,health and delivery of programme of accommodation Commit to UNESCO Charter and European Coalition of Cities against Racism and implementation of 10 point plan Integration a core element of business processes and strategic planning. B uild supports and capacity of ethnic led organisations to ensure full participation in economic social cultural and political life of the city Promote support development of a City Intercultural Centre as centre of cultural learning and exchange and training resource Establish a Migrant Forum as a channel of communication on migrant issues at city level. Establish Annual Integration Dialogue and facilitate and support Integration Forums at area level P romote and support implementation of integration process in partnership with all stakeholders City Council , lead agency for Integration in the city
  24. 25. The Diversity Dividend “ As a capital city we are competing for skills and knowledge with other cities internationally. Managing our new diversity as an asset for the city,attracting and retaining migrant population, fostering a culture of openness in social, economic and cultural life will add competitive advantage and be one of the key drivers to achieving a successful city.”   John Tierney, City Manager
  25. 26. Thank you Gerry Folan Office for Integration Dublin City Council Block 4 Floor 1 Civic Offices Wood Quay Dublin 8 Ph: +353 1 222 3244 or +35386 8150972 Email: