H A I K U4

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  • H A I K U4

    1. 1. HAIKU by peter van der meulen
    2. 2. A haiku is a three line poem consisting of 5–7–5 syllables for example: the/ ca/the/dral/ bell (5) is sha/king/ a / few/ snow/flakes (7) from/ the/ mor/ning/ air (5) -Virgilio
    3. 3. HISTORY Haiku evolved from tanka (short poems) 31 syllable poems structured 5-7-5-7-7 developed by court poets in the Heian period (794-1185). These tanka were externded into renga (linked verses). Renga were written in groups with a hokku (opening verse) of 17 syllables (5-7-5) which established a seasonal setting or mood around which the remainder of the poem was fashioned.
    4. 4. Four concepts intrinsic to a true haiku… kigo kireji yugen & kyo
    5. 5. kigo - a word suggesting a season
    6. 6. kireji - a cutting word such as ya… a moment to meditate
    7. 7. yugen - lies beneath the surface… touches the heart
    8. 8. kyo – become one with the object… do not impose yourself on it -Bashõ
    9. 9. <ul><li>The original Japanese exhibits the 5-7-5 structure. </li></ul><ul><li>The translation most often does not. </li></ul><ul><li>furuike ya the old pond </li></ul><ul><li>kawazu tobikomo a frog jumps in </li></ul><ul><li>mizo no oto the sound of water </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> -Bashõ -Bashõ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 11. hanamori ya blossom guards shiroki kashira o their white heads tsukiawase facing each other -Kyori -Kyori (Basho disciple )
    11. 13. <ul><li>There are four </li></ul><ul><li>pre-eminent </li></ul><ul><li>haiku poets… </li></ul><ul><li>Matsuo Bashõ </li></ul><ul><li>Yosa Buson </li></ul><ul><li>Kobayashi Issa </li></ul><ul><li>& Masaoka Shiki </li></ul>
    12. 14. <ul><li>MATSUO BASHÕ </li></ul><ul><li>1644-1694 </li></ul>
    13. 15. <ul><li>Matsuo Bashõ </li></ul><ul><li>1644-1694 </li></ul><ul><li>Airy spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>Related consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>and nature </li></ul><ul><li>Objectively represented </li></ul><ul><li>charged moments of real </li></ul><ul><li>experience </li></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>the winter storm </li></ul><ul><li>hid in the bamboo grove </li></ul><ul><li>and quieted away </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Bashõ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 18. <ul><li>YOSA BUSON </li></ul><ul><li>1716-1783 </li></ul>
    16. 19. <ul><li>Yosa Buson </li></ul><ul><li>1716-1783 </li></ul><ul><li>By treating haiku </li></ul><ul><li>images in a painterly </li></ul><ul><li>style, highlighted </li></ul><ul><li>imaginative expression </li></ul>
    17. 20. komu na yo ga will it come again. . . mata mo aro ka another night like this one tsuki ni kari wild geese and the moon -Buson -Buson
    18. 22. <ul><li>KOBAYASHI ISSA </li></ul><ul><li>1763-1827 </li></ul>
    19. 23. <ul><li>Kobayashi Issa </li></ul><ul><li>1763-1827 </li></ul><ul><li>Childlike identification </li></ul><ul><li>with nature and </li></ul><ul><li>human behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Provided poetic </li></ul><ul><li>experience accessable </li></ul><ul><li>to common man. </li></ul>
    20. 24. the snail climbs Mount Fuji slowly. . .slowly -Issa
    21. 26. <ul><li>MASAOKA SHIKI </li></ul><ul><li>1867-1902 </li></ul>
    22. 27. <ul><li>Matsuoka Shiki </li></ul><ul><li>1867-1902 </li></ul><ul><li>First modern haiku poet </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced witty tone </li></ul><ul><li>and mental play </li></ul><ul><li>Popularized term haiku </li></ul>
    23. 28. <ul><li>write me down </li></ul><ul><li>as one who loved poetry </li></ul><ul><li>and persimmons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Shiki </li></ul></ul>
    24. 30. <ul><li>going out of the house </li></ul><ul><li>ten paces </li></ul><ul><li>and the vast autumn sea </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Shiki </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 32. a school of trout swam by the color of the water -Shiki
    26. 34. <ul><li>the peony </li></ul><ul><li>made me measure it </li></ul><ul><li>with my fan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> -Issa </li></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 36. <ul><li>the moon in the water </li></ul><ul><li>broken and broken again </li></ul><ul><li>still it is there </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Choshu </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    28. 38. to pluck it a pity to leave it a pity ah. . .this violet -Naojo
    29. 40. <ul><li>on the sandy beach </li></ul><ul><li>footprints. . . </li></ul><ul><li>long is the day of spring </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Shiki </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 42. Japan’s two main religions. . . Shintoism and Zen Buddhism. . . are both expressed through Haiku.
    31. 43. Shintoism which worships kami – the spirits of nature.
    32. 44. <ul><li>how art begins </li></ul><ul><li>rice planting songs </li></ul><ul><li>in the deep interior </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Bashõ </li></ul></ul></ul>
    33. 45. <ul><li>oh butterfly. . . </li></ul><ul><li>what are you dreaming </li></ul><ul><li>fanning your wings </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> -Chiyo-ni </li></ul></ul></ul>
    34. 47. Zen Buddhism which strives for nirvana through meditation.
    35. 48. snow has melted on one shoulder of the great Buddha -Shiki
    36. 49. from the nose of the colossal Buddha a swallow emerges -Issa
    37. 50. a clear waterfall into the ripple fall green pine needles -Bashõ
    38. 52. <ul><li>Roses. . . </li></ul><ul><li>the flowers are easy to paint </li></ul><ul><li>the leaves difficult </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Shiki </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    39. 54. “ I make my appearance I. . . the toad emerge from my thicket.” -Issa
    40. 58. As with all genuine art, a true haiku is a clarification of experience.
    41. 59. Class contemplating Japanese art in springtime Inspirational -ART 221-001
    42. 60. Thank you, for your time. -Peter
    43. 107. Through haiku we are released into nearness.
    44. 116. the first snow the leaves of the daffodils are just bending -Bashõ

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