Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Disruptive communities & technology
Peter Murray-Rust
OpenCon, Washington, 2014-11-15
Panton Authors and Fellows
Jenny Molloy
Ross Mounce
Sam Moore Peter Kraker Rosie GraySophie Kay
Sophie: 3rd yr Grad studen...
http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read
… an unprecedented public good. …
… completely free and unrestricted acce...
Wordsworth on the French Revolution
“Bliss was it in those days to be alive,
But to be young was very heaven.”
Liberation Software
Steve Coast developed OpenStreetMap
to challenge the monopoly of the UK Ordnance Survey
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Berners-Lee
Open = “Free to use, re-use and redistribute”
A promise: I (Petermr) will nev...
Scientific and Medical publication (STM)[+]
• World Citizens pay $400,000,000,000…
• … for research in 1,500,000 articles ...
Elsevier wants to control Open Data
[asked by Michelle Brook]
STM Publishers Licence
2012_03_15_Sample_Licence_Text_Data_Mining.pdf
(Summary: PMR has NO rights)
• [cannot publish to: ]...
CLOSED ACCESS MEANS PEOPLE DIE
CLOSED DATA MEANS PEOPLE DIE
The Right to Read is the Right to Mine
http://contentmine.org
“nuggets” in a scientific paper
quantity
units
Value ranges
Humans aren’t designed to mine this … 
chemical
project places
Bacterial WP_phylogenetic tree
Our machines have read and interpreted 4300 in an hour with > 95% accuracy
Trees From http:...
RSU: Richard Smith-Unna
PMR: Peter Murray-Rust
CL: CottageLabs
Queues
Repos
Scientific
literature
Science
Plugins
Science
...
Jean-Claude Bradley [1] a chemist
developed Open notebook science;
making the entire primary record of a
research project ...
Wordsworth on the French Revolution
“Bliss was it in those days to be alive,
But to be young was very heaven.”
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Disruptive Communities and Technology

1,609 views

Published on

People and new technology can disrupt the scientific publishing process in beneficial ways

Published in: Science
  • Oops - got the Wordsworth wrong because the WiFi was down
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

Disruptive Communities and Technology

  1. 1. Disruptive communities & technology Peter Murray-Rust OpenCon, Washington, 2014-11-15
  2. 2. Panton Authors and Fellows Jenny Molloy Ross Mounce Sam Moore Peter Kraker Rosie GraySophie Kay Sophie: 3rd yr Grad students train 1st year students
  3. 3. http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read … an unprecedented public good. … … completely free and unrestricted access to [peer- reviewed literature] by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. … …Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge. (Budapest Open Access Initiative, 2003)
  4. 4. Wordsworth on the French Revolution “Bliss was it in those days to be alive, But to be young was very heaven.”
  5. 5. Liberation Software Steve Coast developed OpenStreetMap to challenge the monopoly of the UK Ordnance Survey
  6. 6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Berners-Lee Open = “Free to use, re-use and redistribute” A promise: I (Petermr) will never sell out to non-transparent organizations.
  7. 7. Scientific and Medical publication (STM)[+] • World Citizens pay $400,000,000,000… • … for research in 1,500,000 articles … • … cost $300,000 each to create … • … $7000 each to “publish” [*]… • … $10,000,000,000 from academic libraries … • … to “publishers” who forbid access to 99.9% of citizens of the world … [+] Figures probably +- 50 % [*] arXiV preprint server costs $7 USD per paper
  8. 8. Elsevier wants to control Open Data [asked by Michelle Brook]
  9. 9. STM Publishers Licence 2012_03_15_Sample_Licence_Text_Data_Mining.pdf (Summary: PMR has NO rights) • [cannot publish to: ] “libraries, repositories, or archives” • [cannot] “Make the results of any TDM Output available on an externally facing server or website” • “Subscriber shall pay a […] fee” Heather Piwowar: “negotiating with publishers [made me physically ill]” WE WALKED OUT • Brit Library • JISC • RLUK • OKFN • … • Ross Mounce • PM-R Licences destroy Content Mining
  10. 10. CLOSED ACCESS MEANS PEOPLE DIE CLOSED DATA MEANS PEOPLE DIE
  11. 11. The Right to Read is the Right to Mine http://contentmine.org
  12. 12. “nuggets” in a scientific paper quantity units Value ranges Humans aren’t designed to mine this …  chemical project places
  13. 13. Bacterial WP_phylogenetic tree Our machines have read and interpreted 4300 in an hour with > 95% accuracy Trees From http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/ used under new UK legislation (Hargreaves) WP: Clostridium_butyricum Genbank ID American Type Culture Collection
  14. 14. RSU: Richard Smith-Unna PMR: Peter Murray-Rust CL: CottageLabs Queues Repos Scientific literature Science Plugins Science Volunteers Collaboration with Open Access Button
  15. 15. Jean-Claude Bradley [1] a chemist developed Open notebook science; making the entire primary record of a research project publicly available online as it is recorded. (WP) J-C promoted these ideas with UNDERGRADUATE scientists. [1] Unfortunately J-C died in 2014; we held a memorial meeting in Cambridge
  16. 16. Wordsworth on the French Revolution “Bliss was it in those days to be alive, But to be young was very heaven.”

×