Simon MacGovern Realising the value of your business
Baker Tilly  <ul><li>A leading professional services firm </li></ul><ul><li>Client base from OMB to PLC </li></ul><ul><li>...
WHERE IS THE VALUE?
Theoretical Value Multiple of turnover Multiple of earnings EBIT EBITDA P/E Net Assets Discounted cash flow Industry-speci...
Worked Example (1) ABC Limited Turnover £15m Earnings before interest and tax £1m Long term debt £250,000 Surplus cash £50...
Worked Example (2) ABC Limited Turnover £15m Earnings before interest and tax £1m Long term debt £250,000 Surplus cash £50...
Valuation (continued) So why the difference? £6.25m vs. £7.75m Value depends on your perspective… Example (1): Standalone ...
Valuation (continued) “ The true value of a business is what someone is prepared to pay for it”
What actually drives value? Profit?  Yes, but also… Customer base Channels to market Intellectual property/know-how Key in...
Case study Specialist design/manufacturing company Turnover  £1.8m Employees 6 Historic net assets £19k Price paid £7-9m W...
Case study (1) Significant  strategic  value to the eventual buyer (based in Australia).  For them the business provides… ...
Valuation - conclusion Theoretical valuation is interesting, but may have limited meaning in a ‘real’ transaction situatio...
WHEN TO SELL? WHEN TO PREPARE? (There is a difference!)
Timing of sale Timing can be driven by any number of factors… Personal motivation (retirement, ill-health, financial needs...
Timing of sale – market conditions Market confidence Stock market levels Interest rates Availability of debt / equity fund...
Timing of sale – business performance Can price expectations be met? Seasonality Working capital position New contracts ab...
Timing of sale – deal activity Is your industry flavour of the month? Appetite from Venture Capital, for example, can driv...
Timing – Preparation The key to getting your business to market in the right condition and at the right time is early prep...
WHO WILL BUY?
Buyers Broad categories of buyer include: Corporate Trade buyers Strategic buyers Financial MBO / MBI Institutional
Buyers The most suitable type of buyer will depend the circumstances… MBO can work if there is a willing (and capable) man...
CONCLUSION
Conclusion Consider your route to exit well in advance This will allow you to: Prepare the business for sale Get the timin...
The tax implications of selling your business John Kingsley
Taper Relief <ul><li>10% CGT is the “holy grail” </li></ul><ul><li>Trading company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlisted  or  off...
The Charge to Tax on Sale <ul><li>But is CGT the only tax payable? </li></ul><ul><li>Some specific sale circumstances can ...
Consideration for the Sale <ul><li>Many different forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate payment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Consideration for the Sale <ul><li>Paper for paper exchanges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No immediate tax liability </li></ul></...
CGT More Than 10%? <ul><li>Shares owned less than two years? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swap shares for shares or non-QCBs </li...
CGT Less Than 10%? <ul><li>Many planning arrangements no longer available, but bespoke planning might be possible </li></u...
QUESTIONS?
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How to Sell Your Business - Baker Tilly 050907

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How to sell your business, expert advice on valuing your business and how, when, who to sell you business to.

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How to Sell Your Business - Baker Tilly 050907

  1. Simon MacGovern Realising the value of your business
  2. Baker Tilly <ul><li>A leading professional services firm </li></ul><ul><li>Client base from OMB to PLC </li></ul><ul><li>Ranked 7th in the UK by fee income </li></ul><ul><li>260 partners, almost 2,000 staff across 28 UK offices </li></ul><ul><li>A strong regional network with major offices in all key cities throughout the UK </li></ul><ul><li>Represented internationally through our membership of Baker Tilly International – 8th largest international alliance of accountancy firms </li></ul><ul><li>Core services are: Audit, Corporate Finance, Restructuring & Recovery and Tax. </li></ul>
  3. WHERE IS THE VALUE?
  4. Theoretical Value Multiple of turnover Multiple of earnings EBIT EBITDA P/E Net Assets Discounted cash flow Industry-specific measures
  5. Worked Example (1) ABC Limited Turnover £15m Earnings before interest and tax £1m Long term debt £250,000 Surplus cash £500,000 Illustrative EV/EBIT multiple 6x Enterprise Value: 6 x £1m = £6m Plus cash +£500,000 Less debt -£250,000 Equity value £6.25m
  6. Worked Example (2) ABC Limited Turnover £15m Earnings before interest and tax £1m Long term debt £250,000 Surplus cash £500,000 Illustrative turnover/EBIT multiple 0.5x Enterprise Value: 0.5 x £15m = £7.5m Plus cash +£500,000 Less debt -£250,000 Equity value £7.75m
  7. Valuation (continued) So why the difference? £6.25m vs. £7.75m Value depends on your perspective… Example (1): Standalone investment? Example (2): Bolt-on to existing business?
  8. Valuation (continued) “ The true value of a business is what someone is prepared to pay for it”
  9. What actually drives value? Profit? Yes, but also… Customer base Channels to market Intellectual property/know-how Key individuals Reputation The right place at the right time
  10. Case study Specialist design/manufacturing company Turnover £1.8m Employees 6 Historic net assets £19k Price paid £7-9m Why?
  11. Case study (1) Significant strategic value to the eventual buyer (based in Australia). For them the business provides… Access to a rapidly growing segment of the market Client base in a particularly affluent industry Market leading products Protected by key IP assets Uniquely talented management (design expertise)
  12. Valuation - conclusion Theoretical valuation is interesting, but may have limited meaning in a ‘real’ transaction situation. The key to the value of a business lies in its value drivers. Realising this value depends on how the business is sold, when and to whom …
  13. WHEN TO SELL? WHEN TO PREPARE? (There is a difference!)
  14. Timing of sale Timing can be driven by any number of factors… Personal motivation (retirement, ill-health, financial needs, diminishing fulfilment) Condition of the overall market Financial performance of your business Level of transactional activity in your industry
  15. Timing of sale – market conditions Market confidence Stock market levels Interest rates Availability of debt / equity funding
  16. Timing of sale – business performance Can price expectations be met? Seasonality Working capital position New contracts about to be secured? When is your year end?
  17. Timing of sale – deal activity Is your industry flavour of the month? Appetite from Venture Capital, for example, can drive pricing upwards – herd mentality Is your industry consolidating? Is regulatory change driving deal activity?
  18. Timing – Preparation The key to getting your business to market in the right condition and at the right time is early preparation Adequate time for grooming Tax planning Market testing/research Engaging appropriate advisers Future plans? In some cases this may need to start several years in advance of the final transaction
  19. WHO WILL BUY?
  20. Buyers Broad categories of buyer include: Corporate Trade buyers Strategic buyers Financial MBO / MBI Institutional
  21. Buyers The most suitable type of buyer will depend the circumstances… MBO can work if there is a willing (and capable) management team and if funding can be sourced A strategic buyer may provide a greater chance of achieving a premium price
  22. CONCLUSION
  23. Conclusion Consider your route to exit well in advance This will allow you to: Prepare the business for sale Get the timing right Understand what drives the value Identify who will buy the business… Thereby maximising value
  24. The tax implications of selling your business John Kingsley
  25. Taper Relief <ul><li>10% CGT is the “holy grail” </li></ul><ul><li>Trading company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlisted or officer/employee or 5% of votes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-trading company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Officer/employee and <10% votes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>75% taper relief after two years </li></ul><ul><li>Rules changed on 6 April 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t assume: check your status! </li></ul></ul>
  26. The Charge to Tax on Sale <ul><li>But is CGT the only tax payable? </li></ul><ul><li>Some specific sale circumstances can lead to some or all of the sale proceeds being charged to income tax. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-avoidance provisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Always seek HM Revenue & Customs clearance(s) </li></ul></ul>
  27. Consideration for the Sale <ul><li>Many different forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate payment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Payment in instalments – no deduction for delay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contingencies – no allowance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unascertainable – but still has to be valued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earn-outs – no different from above </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid receiving deferred consideration payable in cash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax liability on value not yet received </li></ul></ul>
  28. Consideration for the Sale <ul><li>Paper for paper exchanges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No immediate tax liability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Swap shares for shares </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New holding treated as acquired on the same date and at the same value as the original holding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Swap shares for loan notes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be held for at least six months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they qualifying corporate bonds? </li></ul></ul>
  29. CGT More Than 10%? <ul><li>Shares owned less than two years? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swap shares for shares or non-QCBs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shares became business assets in 2000? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-apportionment of gain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot ever get down to 10% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot reset clock by passing to spouse or trust </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Shares not business assets? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently 30% CGT, minimum 24% after 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre-sale dividend? </li></ul>
  30. CGT Less Than 10%? <ul><li>Many planning arrangements no longer available, but bespoke planning might be possible </li></ul><ul><li>Generally can still use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Payments to pension scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-resident planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NR for more than 5 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NR for less in suitable country using DTA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offshore trusts for non-doms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planning required, well in advance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. QUESTIONS?

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