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  1. 1. Towards Mobile Enhanced Digital Collections Tito Sierra and Markus Wust NCSU Libraries The Second International m-Libraries Conference June 24, 2009
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Mobile Computing: Past and Present </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Enhanced Digital Collections </li></ul><ul><li>The WolkWalk Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future Directions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mobile Computing: Past and Present
  4. 4. Source: Flickr user ted.sali
  5. 5. 23rd Century Star Trek Tricorder
  6. 6. Source: Flickr user clarksworth
  7. 7. 24th Century Star Trek Tricorder
  8. 8. Source: Flickr user jeffypoo
  9. 9. 1960s Star Trek Tricorder <ul><li>Location scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Data communication (to/from starship) </li></ul><ul><li>Holographic messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Touch screen interface </li></ul><ul><li>Universal translator (alien languages) </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1960s Star Trek Tricorder <ul><li>Location scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Data communication (to/from starship) </li></ul><ul><li>Holographic messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Touch screen interface </li></ul><ul><li>Universal translator (alien languages) </li></ul><ul><li>SCIENCE FICTION </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1960s Star Trek Tricorder <ul><li>Location scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Data communication (to/from starship) </li></ul><ul><li>Holographic messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Touch screen interface </li></ul><ul><li>Universal translator (alien languages) </li></ul><ul><li>Early model for mobile computing? </li></ul>
  12. 12. fast forward 40 years…
  13. 13. 2009 Apple iPhone 3G S
  14. 14. The Future is Now <ul><li>Star Trek Tricorder </li></ul><ul><li>Location scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Data communication (to/from starship) </li></ul><ul><li>Holographic messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Touch screen interface </li></ul><ul><li>Universal translator (alien languages) </li></ul><ul><li>Apple iPhone 3G </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Data communication (3G and wifi) </li></ul><ul><li>MMS messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Touch screen interface </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-lingual support (human languages) </li></ul>
  15. 15. iPhone 3G S <ul><li>Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Audio microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Compass </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerometer </li></ul><ul><li>Photo and video geotagging </li></ul>
  16. 16. iPhone 3G S <ul><li>Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Audio microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Compass </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerometer </li></ul><ul><li>Photo and video geotagging </li></ul><ul><li>Marketplace for 3rd party apps </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Today’s mobile computing technology provides a rich toolset for significantly enhancing the user experience with library digital collections </li></ul>
  18. 18. Mobile Enhanced Digital Collections
  19. 19. Mobile Enhanced DCs <ul><li>More than just a small screen version of an existing digital collection </li></ul>
  20. 20. Mobile Enhanced DCs <ul><li>More than just a small screen version of an existing digital collection </li></ul><ul><li>Leverages emerging mobile technology to create new and improved interfaces to digital collections </li></ul>
  21. 21. Mobile Enhanced DCs <ul><li>More than just a small screen version of an existing digital collection </li></ul><ul><li>Leverages emerging mobile technology to create new and improved interfaces to digital collections </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the disconnect between user and object brought about by digitization </li></ul>
  22. 22. Two Basic Technologies <ul><li>Touch-based Interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Geotagging + Geolocation </li></ul>
  23. 23. Touch-based Interfaces <ul><li>“ Swipe” gesture </li></ul><ul><li>Interact “directly” with digital objects </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Classics </li></ul>Source: iTunes App Store
  24. 24. Touch-based Interfaces <ul><li>“ Swipe” gesture </li></ul><ul><li>Interact “directly” with digital objects </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Classics </li></ul>Source: iTunes App Store
  25. 25. Touch-based Interfaces <ul><li>“ Pinch and zoom” </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid interface for navigating image details </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Love Art: National Gallery, London </li></ul>Source: iTunes App Store
  26. 26. Touch-based Interfaces <ul><li>“ Pinch and zoom” </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid interface for navigating image details </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Love Art: National Gallery, London </li></ul>Source: iTunes App Store
  27. 27. DukeMobile Library Collections Source: news.duke.com
  28. 28. Geotagging + Geolocation <ul><li>Geographic navigation of content </li></ul><ul><li>Current location as as a content filter </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Zillow </li></ul>Source: iTunes App Store
  29. 29. Geotagging + Geolocation <ul><li>Geographic navigation of content </li></ul><ul><li>Current location as as a content filter </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Around Me </li></ul>Source: iTunes App Store
  30. 30. The WolfWalk Project
  31. 31. WolfWalk in a Nutshell <ul><li>Our first attempt to create a geomobile digital collection </li></ul><ul><li>Images sourced from university archives collection </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone app to be released Fall 2009 </li></ul>
  32. 32. WolfWalk Content First freshman class posing in front of Holladay Hall (1890), NCSU University Archives Photo Collection
  33. 33. WolfWalk Content View of card catalog in D.H. Hill Library (1972), NCSU University Archives Photo Collection
  34. 34. Motivation
  35. 35. Todd Kosmerick (University Archivist) and Adam Berenbak, NCSU Special Collections Research Center
  36. 37. Markus Wust, Content Lead for the WolfWalk Project
  37. 38. Jason Casden, Lead Developer for the WolfWalk Project
  38. 41. Demo
  39. 42. Implementation
  40. 43. Content Workflow <ul><li>Select sites to be included </li></ul><ul><li>Select images from existing digital image collection to represent sites </li></ul><ul><li>Author site descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Author image descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Enter content in database </li></ul><ul><li>Generate image derivatives </li></ul>
  41. 44. Technology <ul><li>WolfWalk Database (MySQL) </li></ul><ul><li>WolfWalk Data Service (PHP/XHTML) </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone OS 3.0 (Objective-C) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MapKit Framework (Google Maps) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CoreLocation Framework (geolocation) </li></ul></ul>
  42. 45. Geodata Processing
  43. 46. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Not easy to repurpose existing image metadata (dates, descriptions) </li></ul>
  44. 47. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Not easy to repurpose existing image metadata (dates, descriptions) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile application development is different from website development (installed vs. networked content) </li></ul>
  45. 48. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Not easy to repurpose existing image metadata (dates, descriptions) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile application development is different from website development (installed vs. networked content) </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly evolving development environment (maps) </li></ul>
  46. 49. Future Directions
  47. 50. Augmented Reality <ul><li>Live camera </li></ul><ul><li>Compass </li></ul><ul><li>Geotagged content </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Layar (Google Android) </li></ul>Source: Layar.eu
  48. 51. Source: Layar.eu
  49. 52. <ul><li>Recent advances in mobile computing are truly amazing. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment! </li></ul>
  50. 53. Thanks! <ul><li>Tito Sierra </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Head for Digital Library Development </li></ul><ul><li>NCSU Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>tito _sierra@ ncsu . edu </li></ul><ul><li>Markus Wust </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Collections and Preservation Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>NCSU Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  51. 54. More Information <ul><li>The WolfWalk Project: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/dli/projects/wolfwalk </li></ul></ul>

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