DO ANDROIDS DREAM OF ELECTRIC SHEEP? PHILIP K. DICK, 1968 Futuristic Societies
Philip K. Dick, 1928-1982 <ul><li>Born in Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Began writing 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in metap...
The Apocalypse? <ul><li>What is behind our appetite for doomsday visions? </li></ul><ul><li>Are we confronting deep-seated...
Android? <ul><li>An  android  is a robot or synthetic organism designed to look and act like a human.  </li></ul><ul><li>L...
Android <ul><li>Honda and several other corporations and private enterprises have developed impressive androids </li></ul>...
c-3po Star Wars – Luke Skywalker and c-3po
Humanity <ul><li>What constitutes the quality of being human? </li></ul><ul><li>What role does nature play for humans? </l...
Artifice <ul><li>Artificial humans </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial animals </li></ul><ul><li>Self-extermination </li></ul><ul...
Social Body <ul><li>Michel Foucault:“the idea of a social body constituted by the universality of wills” is a great fantas...
Hope? <ul><li>The “Specials” </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy – social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Rational hope?  </li></ul><ul>...
Rick Deckard, Bounty Hunter <ul><li>Married to Iran </li></ul><ul><li>No children, but  an artificial sheep </li></ul><ul>...
Westworld <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFmKvY6PN2M </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAy8YnKvHQ4 ...
Identity-crisis <ul><li>Power hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Annual, decisive personality tests </li></ul><ul><li>Buster Frie...
Fulfillment & Humanity? <ul><li>Empathy and fusion </li></ul><ul><li>Human = non-android </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy solely ...
Aliens? <ul><li>Marital relationships ~ Rachel Rosen </li></ul><ul><li>Reconciling the diminishing distinction between hum...
Mercerism <ul><li>Religion called Mercerism </li></ul><ul><li>Establish ethical, moral norms of behavior </li></ul><ul><li...
Humans and Animals <ul><li>Squirrels </li></ul><ul><li>Sisyphus </li></ul><ul><li>Mankind’s inherent stupidity </li></ul><...
Blade Runner, 1982
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DO ANDROIDS DREAM OF ELECTRIC SHEEP?

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DO ANDROIDS DREAM OF ELECTRIC SHEEP?

  1. 1. DO ANDROIDS DREAM OF ELECTRIC SHEEP? PHILIP K. DICK, 1968 Futuristic Societies
  2. 2. Philip K. Dick, 1928-1982 <ul><li>Born in Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Began writing 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in metaphysics and theology </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Fictionalizing philosophizer </li></ul><ul><li>44 published novels, </li></ul><ul><li>121 short stories </li></ul><ul><li>Blade runner, Total Recall, Minority Report, A Scanner Darkly </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Apocalypse? <ul><li>What is behind our appetite for doomsday visions? </li></ul><ul><li>Are we confronting deep-seated species-wide fear? </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t we wait for the end of the world? </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy & Culture </li></ul><ul><li>The Road , 2006, Cormac McCarthy. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a post-apocalyptic tale of a journey taken by a father and his young son over a period of several months, across a landscape blasted by an unnamed cataclysm that destroyed all civilization and, apparently, almost all life on earth. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Android? <ul><li>An android is a robot or synthetic organism designed to look and act like a human. </li></ul><ul><li>Largely within the domain of science fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently seen in film and television. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Android <ul><li>Honda and several other corporations and private enterprises have developed impressive androids </li></ul><ul><li>A long way to go to make them fully human like. </li></ul>
  6. 6. c-3po Star Wars – Luke Skywalker and c-3po
  7. 7. Humanity <ul><li>What constitutes the quality of being human? </li></ul><ul><li>What role does nature play for humans? </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of the world as we know it </li></ul><ul><li>Insanity if humans </li></ul><ul><li>Non-comprehension of their insanity </li></ul>
  8. 8. Artifice <ul><li>Artificial humans </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial animals </li></ul><ul><li>Self-extermination </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy – group fusion / moral choices </li></ul><ul><li>Move to Mars! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Social Body <ul><li>Michel Foucault:“the idea of a social body constituted by the universality of wills” is a great fantasy </li></ul><ul><li>the “phenomenon of the social body is the effect not of a consensus but of the materiality of power operating on the very bodies of individuals.” </li></ul><ul><li>Earth has created a hierarchy of power </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hope? <ul><li>The “Specials” </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy – social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Rational hope? </li></ul><ul><li>Religious hope? </li></ul><ul><li>Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Kipple </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rick Deckard, Bounty Hunter <ul><li>Married to Iran </li></ul><ul><li>No children, but an artificial sheep </li></ul><ul><li>Identity linked to destroyed nature </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a subject-identity ~ possession of power over an animal (nature) </li></ul><ul><li>Fake nature  fake identity  grey zone between human and android </li></ul><ul><li>Android are indistinguishable from humans  empathy test </li></ul>
  12. 12. Westworld <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFmKvY6PN2M </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAy8YnKvHQ4 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQVWP8fP5To </li></ul>
  13. 13. Identity-crisis <ul><li>Power hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Annual, decisive personality tests </li></ul><ul><li>Buster Friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Mercer </li></ul><ul><li>Survival of the fittest </li></ul><ul><li>Central irony </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fulfillment & Humanity? <ul><li>Empathy and fusion </li></ul><ul><li>Human = non-android </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy solely towards other humans </li></ul><ul><li>Doubt creates a dilemma  despair and resignation </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-subjective identity formation as key to humanity </li></ul><ul><li>The empathy box </li></ul>
  15. 15. Aliens? <ul><li>Marital relationships ~ Rachel Rosen </li></ul><ul><li>Reconciling the diminishing distinction between humans and androids </li></ul><ul><li>Mercer: “the basic condition of life to be required to violate your own identity” </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightenment – The Tomb World </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mercerism <ul><li>Religion called Mercerism </li></ul><ul><li>Establish ethical, moral norms of behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Create empathetic fusion </li></ul><ul><li>Shame / blushing reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Mercer, the person ~ Jesus? </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive cycle – no forward momentum </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed to Kierkegaard – the individual + God </li></ul>
  17. 17. Humans and Animals <ul><li>Squirrels </li></ul><ul><li>Sisyphus </li></ul><ul><li>Mankind’s inherent stupidity </li></ul><ul><li>Wrong choices </li></ul><ul><li>Hopelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Collective path to doom </li></ul><ul><li>Self-destruction / Existential angst </li></ul>
  18. 18. Blade Runner, 1982

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