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Arch 410/610 – Spring 2003 / Johnson


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Arch 410/610 – Spring 2003 / Johnson

  1. 1. Arch 410/610 – Spring 2003 / Johnson The University of Virginia School of Architecture future cities Syllabus: Future Cities / Advanced Topics in Digital Analysis, Representation and Interaction Simcity 4.0 [screenshot from:] “ Maybe there can be no thought without some critical relation to the future.” – John Rajchman “ The limits of the possible can only be defined by going beyond them into the impossible.” -Arthur C. Clark > Schedule Tuesdays 2:00-3:15 Lecture / Seminar (seminar room 108) 3:30-4:30 Lab / Computer Tutorials (105 comp lab) Sunday Films (7 pm in Room 158 on 2/2, 2/16, 3/29) > Instruction Jason Johnson (Assistant Professor of Architecture) Office: Campbell Hall 125 434.924.6448 office 434.466.6507 cell/office 434.982.2678 e-fax e-mail: future cities home: office hours: by appointment only > Agenda The seminar is focused on the investigation of topics related to digital analysis, representation and interaction within the fields of architecture and urbanism. In addition to critically examining questions related to technology, ecology and culture, the seminar seeks to re-envision “future cities” through a series of conceptual computer-driven investigations engaging a broad range of contemporary themes (from infrastructure, demographics, utopia, science fiction and cinema, to recent advances in the arts, sciences and theory, etc). 1 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  2. 2. Weekly meetings expose students to a broad range of issues through lectures, films, critical readings, and computer-based exercises. The course stresses the development of skills needed to investigate analytical and creative ideas utilizing digital multimedia. Lab sessions explore a variety of software applications and techniques for expressing analytical research and conceptual explorations. > Seminar / Lab Format The seminar will oscillate between two integrated modes of operation: Seminar Lectures / Discussions will focus on the presentation of research, images and films, etc. Lectures are designed to be provocative introductions to a complex host of issues. Ideally, these sessions will raise as many questions as they answer. As opposed to focusing on a particular methodology of learning, critical thinking and experimentation will be encouraged as catalysts for knowledge and invention. You will also be expected to complete weekly readings and be prepared to discuss those readings in class. In addition, you are required to maintain a course binder complete with lecture notes, reading notes, readings, tutorial notes, etc. Labs will focus on both learning and developing digital analysis, design and representation skills. It is critical that you learn the necessary programs as quickly as possible. All projects will be ‘web-based’ using Dreamweaver and Flash MX software as your ultimate medium for communication. You will be expected to maintain an updated personal web page. > Independent Research ag∙glom∙er∙a∙tion n. 1. The act or process of gathering into a mass; merging or bundling. During the spring semester you will focus your efforts on the development of an independent research project related to a particular global city. These cities, identified by the United Nations Population Division as being the largest urban agglomerations by the year 2015, will provide us with a broad range of issues for research, discussion and intervention. The research projects, undertaken independently, will ultimately be assembled into a single collective interactive class web page. > Largest Urban Agglomerations 2015 [1-18] Tokyo, Japan; Dhaka, Bangladesh; Bombay, India; São Paulo, Brazil; Delhi, India; Mexico City, Mexico; New York, USA; Jakarta, Indonesia; Calcutta, India; Karachi, Pakistan; Lagos, Nigeria; Los Angeles, USA; Shanghai, China; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Manila, Philippines; Beijing, China; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Cairo, Egypt 2 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  3. 3. Links: UN Urbanization Report, revised2001: Geohive / Cities + Agglomerations: Research Issues: Arts and Culture, Communication, Crime, Economics, Education, Energy, Entertainment, Environment, Food, Government, Habitats, Health Care, Migration, Natural Resources, Population, Real Estate / Growth / Development, Sustainability, Technology, Transportation, Military, Workplace, Waste/Disposal [Others?] > Research Projects (see schedule for due dates) Project 01: Mapping / Image Interface Presentations Project 02: Research Papers Published to Web Project 03: Final Oral / Digital Presentations Final Project: Web-based Interface > Notes on Personal Web Pages, Computing, and Backing-up Your Files WEB PAGES: Throughout the semester you will be required to publish and maintain a web page containing your research, presentations, and reading journals, etc. You will be utilizing space through your pre-established UVA web account: “”. These should be maintained and updated as often as possible. We will work on the development of these during the first 4 weeks of the semester. COMPUTING: This course will provide you with a good introduction to digital computing and web-based design and publishing. In order for the “lab/tutorial” aspect of this course to be most effective, it will require you to work and learn independently. In addition to attending class, you should purchase the required texts and read them. You should attend additional computing seminars offered by the school and ask a lot of questions. You should engage your classmates and discuss your discoveries or innovations. BACKING-UP: Every semester at least one student loses all of their work. Back up your files using whatever technique you can (and do it often!). > Grading and Honor Code Attendance / Participation 25% Project 01- Web Presentation 15% Project 02 – Research Paper 15% Project 03 – Research Presentation 20% Final Submission of Web Page 25% 3 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  4. 4. Late and/or incomplete work will not be accepted. Attendance and working during lab times is mandatory. You will automatically receive an “F” for the course after two unexcused absences. Unexcused late arrival or early departure from the seminar is unacceptable and will count as an absence. Any violation of the University of Virginia Honor System (i.e. plagiarism, etc.) will result in an automatic “F” in the course. > Readings and Required Texts We will be reading a diverse selection of materials throughout the semester. Whenever possible you will be provided with Xerox copies of selected material from week to week. There will also be a selection of books on reserve in the library. I have chosen two required books for you to purchase. They are both very informative and affordable relative to the other possibilities out there. The two required books are: Flash MX Visual Quickstart Guide (by Katherine Ulrich, Peach Pit Press 2002) Dreamweaver MX Quickstart Guide (by J. Tarin Towers, Peach Pit Press, 2002) These are available at,, or they can be purchased and/or ordered locally from the New Dominion Book Shop at 404 E. Main Street 295-2552, or the student bookstore. There is also a great Photoshop 6 book on reserve. 4 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  5. 5. > General Bibliography (this is a partial listing and will be updated throughout the semester) > John Beckmann, Editor. The Virtual Dimension (Princeton Architectural Press, USA, 1998) Stewart Brand. How Buildings Learn: What Happens After They’re Built (Penguin Books, 1994) Le Corbusier. Towards a New Architecture - 1931 (Dover Publications, 1986) (also The City of Tomorrow and its Planning.) Roger Elwood, Editor. Future City: A Vision of Man’s Urban Future (Trident Press USA, 1973) Peter Hall. Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design (Blackwell Publishers, 1988) Hans Ibeling. Supermodernism: Architecture in the Age of Globalization (NAi Publishers, Rotterdam, 1998) Rem Koolhaas, Delirious New York – published 1978 (Montacelli USA, 1994) Rem Koolhaas, S, M, L, XL (Montacelli USA, 1995) Koolhaas, Boeri, Kwinter, Tazi, Obrist (editors) MUTATIONS Harvard project on the city (ACTAR, 2001) Ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines (Viking, 1999) John Rajchman. Constructions. see essay Future Cities, p. 109. (MIT Press, 1998) > Richard Rhodes. Visions of Technology (Simon + Schuster USA, 1999) Marshall McLuhan. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (MIT Press, 1994) Migayrou and Brayer, Editors. Archilab: Radical Experiments in Global Architecture (Thames + Hudson, 2001) William J. Mitchell. e-topia “ Urban Life, Jim – but not as we know it.” (MIT Press, USA, 2000) William J. Mitchell. City of Bits: Space, Place and the Infobahn (MIT Press, 1995) Lewis Mumford. The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations and its Prospects (Harcourt, 1961) Thomsen, Christian. Visionary Architecture: From Babylon to Virtual Reality (Prestel-Verlag, 1994) Frank Lloyd Wright. The Future of Architecture – The Princeton Lectures 1953 (Horizon Press USA, 1953) General Science Fiction: HG Wells, Arthur C. Clark, Isaac Asimov, Philip K. Dick (Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep), Ray Bradbury, Aldous Huxley (Brave New World), George Orwell (1984) > Other References Architectural Design AD, Visions for the Future (Academy Group UK, 1993) Doxiadis and Papaioannou, Ecumenopolis: The Inevitable City of the Future (WW Norton USA, 1974) Batty and Longley. Fractal Cities. Academic Press, London, (1995.) Georg Simmel, “The Metropolis and Mental Life” p. 69-79, in Rethinking Architecture (Neil Leach, ed. Routledge, 1997) Neil Leach, The Anaesthetics of Architecture (MIT Press USA, 1999) Arthur C. Clarke, July 20, 2019: Life in the 21st Century (Macmillan USA, 1986) Steven Johnson, Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities and Software (Scribner USA, 2001) Charles Jencks. Architecture 2000 and Beyond, 2nd Edition(Wiley Academy UK, 2000) 5 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  6. 6. Dennis Crompton, Editor, Concerning Archigram (Archigram Archives UK, 1998) R. Buckminster Fuller, Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth, 1969. Fuller, R., Buckminster: Synergetics. New York: Macmillan (1975) Willian Gibson, Neuromancer (Ace Books USA, 1984) Lebbeus Woods, War and Architecture (Pamphlet Architecture 15, PAP USA, 1993) Simon Sadler, The Situationist City (MIT Press USA, 1999) > Technology / Science / Theory Wilson,Catherine. The Invisble World: Modern Philosophy and the Invention of the Microscope. Princeton (1995) Baark and Svedin. Man, Nature, and Technology. St. Martins Press. (1988) Fox, Michael, Yeh, Bryant: Intelligent Kinetic Systems. Kinetic Design Group, MIT (1999) Ball, Philip. Made to Measure: New Materials for the 21st Century. Princeton Paperbacks (1997) Gordon, JE. The New Science of Strong Materials. Princeton Univ. Press (1984) Willian and Thomas Zuk. New Technologies: New Architecture (WordCrafters USA, 1994) James Gleick, “The Experimenter” in Chaos: Making a New Science (Penguin Books, NY, 1987) p. 188-211 Neil Gershenfeld, When Things Start to Think (Henry Holt USA, 1999) Richard Feynmann, QED – The Strange Theory of Light and Matter (Princeton University Press, 1985) Freeman Dyson, The Sun, The Genome and the Internet (Oxford University Press, 1999) Wiener, Norbert. Cybernetics: Or, Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine (MIT Press, 1948) 6 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  7. 7. > Recommended Magazines / Online Material Wired ( *see Stewart Brand’s interview of Freeman Dyson ( The Futurist (bi-monthly magazine): Forecasts, Trends, and Ideas About the Future ( World Futurist Society book recommendations: ( Scientific American ( Science Magazine ( Popular Science ( > Cinema > Tron (Steven Lisburger 1982) > Blade Runner (Ridley Scott 1982) and > Soylent Green (R. Fleischer, 1973) > 2001: A Space Odyssey (Stanley Kubrick 1974) Metropolis (Fritz Lang 1926) Modern Times (Charlie Chaplin, 1936) Things to Come / Journey to the Center of Time (HG Wells / William Menzies 1936) THX-1138 (George Lucas 1971) Solaris (Andrei Tarkovsky 1972) The Fifth Element (Luc Besson1997) The Matrix (Larry and Andy Wachowski 1998) Ghost in the Shell (1996 Anime) Gattaca (Andrew Niccol1997) Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within (Hironubu Sakaguchi 2001) > Computing Help Flash / Dreamweaver Help:, (see their links) Web Publishing Help: (UVA Web Help), (UVA) Software/Hardware Purchasing: (UVA Cavalier Computers) School of Architecture Help: These lists will be updated periodically. See: for updates. 7 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  8. 8. > Schedule as of: 10 May 2010 Week Date Lecture / Lab Readings / Projects Week 1 Tues 21 Jan Introduction to Future Cities Week 2 Tues 28 Jan TECHNOLOGY + UTOPIA [utopia / dystopia, ‘the imperative’] Reading: 1. Mumford:The Tech Lab: Digital Imaging / Personal Web Pages Imperative ; 2. Remnick: The Future as a Story; 3. Huxley: Sun 2 Feb Evening Film: 2001: A Space Odyssey (Stanley Kubrick, 1974) Brave New World Week 3 Tues 4 Feb MACHINES + MEDIA [tools, transportation, communication, Reading: 1. M. McLuhan: The construction, reproduction, in defense of machines] Medium is the Massage; 2. Lab: INTERFACE Lecture, Dreamweaver Tutorials Lewis Mumford: The Machine Our Servant; 3. G. Boas … Week 4 Tues 11 Feb SYSTEMS [complexity, non-linearity, self-organization, chaos, Reading: 1. S. Johnson: algorithm, indeterminancy, network, closed vs. open systems] Emergence; 2. Gleick: Chaos; Lab: Dreamweaver Tutorial 3. J. Cage: Indeterminacy Sun 16 Feb Evening Film: Soylent Green (R. Fleischer, 1973) 2/16 Draft Web Pages Due Week 5 Tues 18 Feb GROWTH [globalization, mega cities, population, development] Reading: 1. Sassen: The Lab: Dreamweaver Tutorial Global City; 2. UN Report: "World Urbanization Prospects; 3. Koolhaas: Mutations Week 6 Tues 25 Feb AGGLOMERATIONS [Student Project Presentations] Project 01 due Week 7 Tues 4 Mar SPRING BREAK WEEK Week 8 Tues 11 Mar WAR MACHINES [territory, fortification, speed, catastrophe] Reading: 1. Virilio Interview; 2. Lab: Flash Introduction and Tutorial De Landa: War in the Age of Intelligent Machines; 3. TBA Week 9 Tues 18 Mar ORGANIZATION [synthesis, settlement, networks, ekistics] Reading: TBA > Lecture: “Ecumenopolis: The Inevitable City of the Future” Guest Lecturer: Nataly Gattegno, The University of Virginia Project 02 due Lab: Flash Tutorial Week 10 Tues 25 Mar SPACE + PLACE [digital communities, identity, vr, WiFi, MUDS] Reading: 1.Mitchell: E-Bodies, Lab: Flash Tutorial E-Buildings, E-Cities; 2. Roetzer: Utopias of the Digital Sun 29 Mar Evening Film: Tron (Steve Lisburger, 1982) Age Week 11 Mon 31 Mar KINEMATICS [movement, vectors, velocity, diagrams, acceleration] Reading: 1. Selection from the > Lecture: “Aiero Kinesis / Animation: Art + Architecture” Virtual Dimension Reader; 2. Guest Lecturer: Eric Sculdenfrei, Princeton University S. Johnson: Emergence (The Mindreader) Tues 1 Apr SIMCITY [gaming, biosphere, automata, simulation, urban ecologies] Lab: Flash Tutorial 4/1 Presentation Drafts Due Week 12 Tues 8 Apr Student Presentations / Discussions - Day 01 Project 03 due 8 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc
  9. 9. Week 13 Tues 15 Apr Student Presentations / Discussions - Day 02 Project 03 due Week 14 Tues 22 Apr FUTURE CITIES Reading: TBA > Final Lecture and Discussion: “Androids Dream of Electric Sheep” Lab: Optional Tutorials Week 15 Tues 29 Apr Class will not meet Final Project Submissions Due: Friday May 9 at 12 Noon. Seminar Dinner / Outdoor Film Screening of “Bladerunner” (Ridley Scott, 1982) - Saturday May 10 at 8 pm 9 Spring03/Arch410/Classes/Week01/01_syllabus.doc