10 Big Questions Facing the   Local Food Movement
Who’s in the room?
What is Local Food Cleveland?  An action network connecting the  people and organizations workingtowards a sustainable loc...
Helping you “Connect, Learn and Do”    In Person:        On the Web:
E4S Action Networks
Why are we here tonight?•  Connect with each other•  Explore the big questions facing local foods in   NEO and beyond•  Le...
Meet somebody new!•  Meet 5 new people in 10 minutes•  Ask them:  1.  Why are you here?  2.  What do you want to learn?
I’m making some assumptions
5 Assumptions I’m Making               about Energy1.    Physical energy is the fundamental enabling and limiting      for...
5 Assumptions I’m Making           about the Economy1.    Money is nothing but a token that represents energy      availab...
Isn’t that kind of depressing?Has a high energy lifestyle truly brought us         more joy and happiness?
"As we came across the continentcutting the forests and plowing theprairies, we never knew what we weredoing, because we n...
10 Big Questions Facing the   Local Food Movement
Question #1How will we train and mobilize60 million new farmers in the       next 100 years?
1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new        farmers in the coming decades?     32%
                           ...
1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new        farmers in the coming decades?           What can we learn from Cu...
1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new        farmers in the next 100 years?         300 million x 20% farming =...
1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new            farmers in the coming decades?Baby Boomers Mid-Career +       ...
1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new        farmers in the coming decades?                 Paradigm shift     ...
Question #2How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of            staple crops?
2. How can we provide a complete diet locally   through the production of staple crops?            Two Big Opportunities: ...
2. How can we provide a complete diet locally   through the production of staple crops?             Ami Gignac and Tim Fox...
2. How can we provide a complete diet locally   through the production of staple crops?      Appalachian Staple Foods Coll...
2. How can we provide a complete diet locally   through the production of staple crops?                        Mark Shepar...
2. How can we provide a complete diet locally   through the production of staple crops?                Alley Cropping
2. How can we provide a complete diet locally   through the production of staple crops?                 Paradigm shift    ...
Question #3How will we feed ourselves locally          year round?
3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round?             Three Big Opportunities:             1. Season extension of ...
3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round?              Season extension of the farm
3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round?         Increase production of storage and staple crops
3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round? Low-energy food preservation
3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round?                   Paradigm shift                  Can we develop a great...
Question #4Can the market for local food grow tosupport an expansion in production?
4. Can the market for local food grow to  support an expansion in production?             Farmers’ Market Growth          ...
4. Can the market for local food grow to  support an expansion in production?               Local Roots               Woos...
Question #5    How will we re-create regional       infrastructure including slaughterhouses, dairy processing,grain mills...
Question #6How will we get local food intoschools, institutions and larger           markets?
6. How will we get local food into schools,      institutions and larger markets?This a question of institutional engageme...
6. How will we get local food into schools,     institutions and larger markets?
6. How will we get local food into schools,       institutions and larger markets?   small producer + big market =     bi...
6. How will we get local food into schools,     institutions and larger markets?               Paradigm shift          Mus...
Question #7How can local food be accessible    and affordable for all?
7. How can local food be accessible and          affordable for all?   Food Spending            Healthcare Spending    (% ...
7. How can local food be accessible and          affordable for all?
7. How can local food be accessible and          affordable for all?
7. How can local food be accessible and          affordable for all?   What about increased competition and economies of s...
7. How can local food be accessible and          affordable for all?            A few other thoughts:1.  We must begin to ...
Question #8What government policies must we  create or dismantle to enable             change?
8. What government policies must we enact or          dismantle to enable change?1.     Government policy came into place ...
8. What government policies must we enact or         dismantle to enable change?                  HOWEVER!   1.  That does...
8. What policies must we enact at the federal,   state and local levels to make this happen?
Question #9How will we create a culture ofconscious cooking and eating?
9. How will we create a culture of conscious            cooking and eating?
9. How will we create a culture of conscious            cooking and eating?               Paradigm shift            We mus...
10. What gifts can each one of us offer towardscreating a thriving local food economy and culture                    in ou...
Questions, comments, ideas or         reflections?
Upcoming local food eventsFree Stamp Garden DedicationJune 9th – 12pm to 1pmWillard Park – Cleveland, OHThe Dirt on Dirt: ...
Upcoming E4S eventsAkron Network Kick-Off MeetingJune 8th – 5:30pm to 8:30pmMusica– Akron, OHH2OpportunitiesJune 21st – 5:...
Thanks to our sponsors
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10 Big Questions Facing the Local Food Movement

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This presentation was given at the Local Food Cleveland event on June 6, 2011. For more info visit localfoodcleveland.org.

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10 Big Questions Facing the Local Food Movement

  1. 1. 10 Big Questions Facing the Local Food Movement
  2. 2. Who’s in the room?
  3. 3. What is Local Food Cleveland? An action network connecting the people and organizations workingtowards a sustainable local food future in Northeast Ohio “Commons”
  4. 4. Helping you “Connect, Learn and Do” In Person: On the Web:
  5. 5. E4S Action Networks
  6. 6. Why are we here tonight?•  Connect with each other•  Explore the big questions facing local foods in NEO and beyond•  Learn about local businesses and projects creating innovative solutions to these challenges•  Evolve the conversation around what it will take to grow a truly sustainable local food system in our region
  7. 7. Meet somebody new!•  Meet 5 new people in 10 minutes•  Ask them: 1.  Why are you here? 2.  What do you want to learn?
  8. 8. I’m making some assumptions
  9. 9. 5 Assumptions I’m Making about Energy1.  Physical energy is the fundamental enabling and limiting force in any system2. Fossil fuels gave society a one-time gift of high quality energy to fuel our industrial economy3. Overall net energy flow into human society has already peaked4. No combination of renewable energies will ever replace the net energy fossil fuels have given to society5. We must develop biological solutions to our problems that are simpler and use less energy than the technological solutions we are used to
  10. 10. 5 Assumptions I’m Making about the Economy1.  Money is nothing but a token that represents energy available to do useful work (net energy)2. The economy can only grow so long as the amount of net energy also grows3. Overall net energy flow into human society has already peaked4. No matter how much new money (debt) we create, we can no longer “grow the economy” when net energy is decreasing5. Our economy will continue to contract until we can live in balance with the resources earth can sustainably provide
  11. 11. Isn’t that kind of depressing?Has a high energy lifestyle truly brought us more joy and happiness?
  12. 12. "As we came across the continentcutting the forests and plowing theprairies, we never knew what we weredoing, because we never knew whatwere undoing. ” - Wendell Berry
  13. 13. 10 Big Questions Facing the Local Food Movement
  14. 14. Question #1How will we train and mobilize60 million new farmers in the next 100 years?
  15. 15. 1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new farmers in the coming decades? 32%
 2%

  16. 16. 1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new farmers in the coming decades? What can we learn from Cuba?
  17. 17. 1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new farmers in the next 100 years? 300 million x 20% farming = 60 MILLION FARMERS!
 (HOW IS THIS POSSIBLE!)
  18. 18. 1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new farmers in the coming decades?Baby Boomers Mid-Career + Immigrants Young folks Women
  19. 19. 1. How will we train and mobilize 60 million new farmers in the coming decades? Paradigm shift Can we accompany this rebirth of farming with a shift in both the social status of farmers within American culture as well our collective beliefs about the value of work?
  20. 20. Question #2How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of staple crops?
  21. 21. 2. How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of staple crops? Two Big Opportunities: 1. Local production of annual grains 2. Forest farming Both provide opportunities for larger-scale traditional farms to transition to more sustainable production for local markets
  22. 22. 2. How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of staple crops? Ami Gignac and Tim Fox Breakneck Acres - Ravenna, OH
  23. 23. 2. How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of staple crops? Appalachian Staple Foods Collaborative Athens, OH
  24. 24. 2. How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of staple crops? Mark Shepard New Forest Farm - Viola, WI
  25. 25. 2. How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of staple crops? Alley Cropping
  26. 26. 2. How can we provide a complete diet locally through the production of staple crops? Paradigm shift Can we evolve the dualistic and linear worldview that rationalizes commodity farming and the increasing using of pesticides, fertilizers and GMOs at the expense of biological life and human health?
  27. 27. Question #3How will we feed ourselves locally year round?
  28. 28. 3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round? Three Big Opportunities: 1. Season extension of the farm 2. Local staple and storage crop production 3. Low energy food preservation
  29. 29. 3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round? Season extension of the farm
  30. 30. 3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round? Increase production of storage and staple crops
  31. 31. 3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round? Low-energy food preservation
  32. 32. 3. How will we feed ourselves locally year round? Paradigm shift Can we develop a greater awareness of the seasons and a willingness to eat in sync with the tilt of the earth and the length of its day?
  33. 33. Question #4Can the market for local food grow tosupport an expansion in production?
  34. 34. 4. Can the market for local food grow to support an expansion in production? Farmers’ Market Growth 1992 thru 2010
  35. 35. 4. Can the market for local food grow to support an expansion in production? Local Roots Wooster, OH
  36. 36. Question #5 How will we re-create regional infrastructure including slaughterhouses, dairy processing,grain mills and distribution networks?
  37. 37. Question #6How will we get local food intoschools, institutions and larger markets?
  38. 38. 6. How will we get local food into schools, institutions and larger markets?This a question of institutional engagement and change or a question of local food supply and market consolidation?
  39. 39. 6. How will we get local food into schools, institutions and larger markets?
  40. 40. 6. How will we get local food into schools, institutions and larger markets? small producer + big market =  big producer + big market = To serve larger markets we must revive mid-size farms!
  41. 41. 6. How will we get local food into schools, institutions and larger markets? Paradigm shift Must we scale up the size and complexity of local food production, or ought we scale down the size and complexity of our institutions?
  42. 42. Question #7How can local food be accessible and affordable for all?
  43. 43. 7. How can local food be accessible and affordable for all? Food Spending Healthcare Spending (% of income) (% of GDP)
  44. 44. 7. How can local food be accessible and affordable for all?
  45. 45. 7. How can local food be accessible and affordable for all?
  46. 46. 7. How can local food be accessible and affordable for all? What about increased competition and economies of scale bringing the price down?
  47. 47. 7. How can local food be accessible and affordable for all? A few other thoughts:1.  We must begin to pay more for food2. We must all grow as much of our own as possible3. We must revive mid-sized farms that can serve larger markets at a lower price-point
  48. 48. Question #8What government policies must we create or dismantle to enable change?
  49. 49. 8. What government policies must we enact or dismantle to enable change?1.  Government policy came into place as a result of same system conditions (high energy flow into society) and worldview (rational-linear) that created the industrial food system2. Until those system condition change, it’s difficult to see meaningful transformation of food and farm policy3. Greater impact can likely be had creating new models and system on the edges than by attempting a top-down reform of a system that has no future
  50. 50. 8. What government policies must we enact or dismantle to enable change? HOWEVER! 1.  That doesn’t mean damage control (anti- subsidy, anti-GMO, anti-one-size-fits-all food safety regs) isn’t important 2. That doesn’t mean transformation on a farm and community scale isn’t possible
  51. 51. 8. What policies must we enact at the federal, state and local levels to make this happen?
  52. 52. Question #9How will we create a culture ofconscious cooking and eating?
  53. 53. 9. How will we create a culture of conscious cooking and eating?
  54. 54. 9. How will we create a culture of conscious cooking and eating? Paradigm shift We must begin to see “the whole problem of health in soil, plant, animal, and man as one great subject”.
  55. 55. 10. What gifts can each one of us offer towardscreating a thriving local food economy and culture in our place?
  56. 56. Questions, comments, ideas or reflections?
  57. 57. Upcoming local food eventsFree Stamp Garden DedicationJune 9th – 12pm to 1pmWillard Park – Cleveland, OHThe Dirt on Dirt: Permaculture Strategies toRemediate and Revitalize Urban SoilsJune 12th – 2pm to 4:30pmPilgrim Church – Cleveland, OHGarden Walk ClevelandJune 25th – 11am to 7pmVarious Neighborhoods – Cleveland, OH See all upcoming events on LocalFoodCleveland.org
  58. 58. Upcoming E4S eventsAkron Network Kick-Off MeetingJune 8th – 5:30pm to 8:30pmMusica– Akron, OHH2OpportunitiesJune 21st – 5:30pm to 8:30pmGLBC – Cleveland, OHBiomimicry Education SummitJune 27th – 8am to 12pmCleveland Botanical Garden – Cleveland, OH See all upcoming events on LocalFoodCleveland.org
  59. 59. Thanks to our sponsors

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