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Chandigarh the city beautiful


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Basic guide about Chandigarh.

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Chandigarh the city beautiful

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Chandigarh, also called The City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. The name translates from Hindi to English as "the fort of Chandi",Chandi being a Hindu Goddess. Known internationally for its architecture and urban planning, Chandigarh is home to numerous architectural projects of Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Matthew Nowicki, and Albert Mayer. The city boasts a high standard of living with the highest per capita income in the country and tops the list of Indian States and Union Territories with a Human Development Index of 0.987.
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY Chandigarh is located near the foothills of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas in Northwest India. It covers an area of approximately 44 sq mi or 114 km². and shares its borders with the states of Haryana in the south and Punjab in the north. The exact cartographic co-ordinates of Chandigarh are 30.74,76.79. It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 feet). The surrounding districts are of Mohali, Patiala and Ropar in Punjab and Panchkul a and Ambala in Haryana. The boundary of the state of Himachal Pradesh are not too far from its north.
  4. 4. ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING Le Corbusier's plan of modern Chandigarh Taking over from Albert Mayer, Le Corbusier produced a plan for Chandigarh that conformed to the modern city planning principles of Congres International d’Architecture Moderne CIAM. The initial plan had two phases: the first for a population of 150,000 and the second taking the total population to 500,000. Le Corbusier divided the city into units called "sectors", each representing a theoretically self-sufficient entity with space for living, working and leisure. The sectors were linked to each other by a road and path network developed along the line of the 7 Vs, or a hierarchy of seven types of circulation patterns. At the highest point in this network was the V1, the highways connecting the city to others, and at the lowest were the V7s, the streets leading to individual houses. Later a V8 was added: cycle and pedestrian paths.
  5. 5. The city plan is laid down in a grid pattern. The whole city has been divided into rectangular patterns, forming identical looking sectors, each sector measures 800 m x 1200 m. The sectors were to act as self-sufficient neighbourhoods, each with its own market, places of worship, schools and colleges - all within 10 minutes walking distance from within the sector. The original two phases of the plan delineated sectors from 1 to 47, with the exception of 13 (Number 13 is considered unlucky). The Assembly, the secretariat and the high court, all located in Sector - 1 are the three monumental buildings designed by Le Corbusier in which he showcased his architectural genius to the maximum. The city was to be surrounded by a 16 kilometer wide greenbelt that was to ensure that no development could take place in the immediate vicinity of the town, thus checking suburbs and urban sprawl; hence is famous for its greenness too. Chandigarh has two satellite cities: Panchkula and Mohali. Sometimes, the triangle of these three cities is collectively called the Chandigarh Tricity.
  6. 6. DEMOGRAPHICS As of 2001 India census, Chandigarh had a population of 900,635, making for a density of about 7900 persons per square kilometre. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. The sex ratio is 777 females for every 1,000 males – which is the lowest in the country. Chandigarh has an average literacy rate of 81.9%, higher than the national average of 64.8%; with male literacy of 86.1% and female literacy of 76.5%. About 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The main religions in Chandigarh are Hinduism(78.6%), Sikhism (16.1%), Islam (3.9%), and Christianity (0.8%). Hindi and Punjabi are the main languages spoken in Chandigarh, although these days English has also gained some popularity. People speaking Tamil form the third biggest linguistic group in Chandigarh. (Census of India 1991). A small number of people also speak Urdu. However, the most common language for informal communication, especially among the youth of the city is Hindi.
  7. 7. ECONOMY The government is a major employer in Chandigarh with three governments having their base here. A significant percentage of Chandigarh‟s population therefore consists of people who are either working for one of these governments or have retired from government service. For this reason, Chandigarh is often called a “Pensioner's Paradise”. There are about 15 medium to large industrial including two in the Public sector. In addition Chandigarh has over 2500 units are registered under small scale sector. The important industries are paper manufacturing, basic metals and alloys and machinery. Other industries are relating to food products, sanitary ware, auto parts, machine tools, pharmaceuticals and electrical appliances. Yet, with a Per Capita Income of Rs. 99,262, Chandigarh is the richest city in India. Chandigarh's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $2.2 billion in current prices.
  8. 8. Chandigarh IT Park (also Chandigarh Technology Park) is the city's attempt to break into the IT world. Chandigarh's infrastructure, proximity to Delhi, Punjab and Haryana, and the IT talent pool attracts IT businesses looking for office space in the area. Major Indian firms and multinational corporations like Quark, Infosys, Dell, Webart Softech have offices in the city and it's suburbs. According to a recent Global Services Survey conducted by Cyber Media, Chandigarh is ranked 9th in the top 50 cities identified globally as „emerging outsourcing and IT services destinations. Rajiv Gandhi Chandigarh Technology Park (RGCTP), was conceived in 2001 by Chandigarh administration this was to promote and provide planned facilities to the IT companies and young entrepreneurs. Located in the foothills of Shivaliks, close to Sukhna lake. The Department of Information Technology Chandigarh is this official department under Chandigarh administration dealing with IT policies and promotion of IT park.
  9. 9. EDUCATION Chandigarh is known for its quality school education. The schools are affiliated to different types of school curricula. The colleges in Chandigarh include many good colleges like GGDSD College (Sector 32), DAV College (Sector 10), Punjab University,etc. There are model schools set up by the government in various sectors, originally aimed to cater the needs of each sector. It is a major study hub for students all over Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K and Uttaranchal, and also for the students from South-East Asia. Some        of the notable schools in Chandigarh are: Bhavan Vidyalaya Chandigarh, Sector 27 St. John's High School Chandigarh, Sector 26 St. Kabir Public School Chandigarh, Sector 26 St. Stephen's School Chandigarh, Sector 45 B Carmel Convent School, Sector 9 Sacred Heart School, Sector 26 AKS International Public School Chandigarh, Sector 41
  10. 10. TRANSPORT
  11. 11. SPORTING VENUES            
  12. 12. GARDENS              Rose Garden, Sector 16 Bougenvilla Garden, Sector 3 Japanese Garden, Sector 16 Topiary Garden, Sector 35 Fragrance Garden, Sector 36 Leisure Valley, Sector 10 Terraced Garden, Sector 33 Sukhna Lake Park, Sector 6 Cactus Garden, Panchkula Rock Garden, Sector 1 Rajendra Park, Sector 1 Botanical Garden,khuda lahora Bamboo Valley, Sector 23
  13. 13. THE ROCK GARDEN Nek Chand Saini is an Indian self-taught artist, famous for building the Rock Garden of Chandigarh, a forty-acre (160,000 m²) sculpture garden in the city of Chandigarh, India. In his spare time, Chand began collecting materials from demolition sites around the city. He recycled these materials into his own vision of the divine kingdom of Sukrani, choosing a gorge in a forest near Sukhna Lake for his work. The gorge had been designated as a land conservancy, a forest buffer established in 1902 that nothing could be built on. The Rock Garden is still made out of recycled materials; and with the government’s help, Chand was able to set up collection centers around the city for waste, especially rags and broken ceramics.
  14. 14. THANK YOU Made By- *******