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  2. 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Describe and explain, ‘intrinsic’ and ‘extrinsic’ motivation with examples </li></ul><ul><li>Relate motivation to the different roles of participant, leader and official </li></ul>
  3. 3. MOTIVATION <ul><li>What is it? P18 </li></ul><ul><li>Motivations is really important to people that play sport or do physical activity. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>With out motivation, you won’t continue to persevere when things are hard. </li></ul><ul><li>If there are two athletes in a race of similar ability, the one that has more motivation is likely to win the race. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people don’t enjoy sport or physical activity and will choose not to follow a healthy lifestyle. It is important to find out the reasons why and to address these. </li></ul><ul><li>If we know what the reasons for not adopting a healthy lifestyle, we can address these and encourage people to be fitter and more active. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MOTIVATION <ul><li>Look at Pg 18’s examples and see if you can come up with one yourself: </li></ul>
  5. 5. MOTIVATION TYPES <ul><li>We can split motivation up into two categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Internal/intrinsic motivation </li></ul><ul><li>External/extrinsic motivation </li></ul>
  6. 6. INTERNAL/INTRINSIC MOTIVATION <ul><li>This is the internal drive or willpower that a person has to participate in physical activities, or perform well </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of intrinsic motivation are: </li></ul><ul><li>Fun, Enjoyment, Satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>These are achieved by achieving something or simply doing something for its own sake. E.G? </li></ul><ul><li>Definition Pg 18 </li></ul>
  7. 7. EXTERNAL/EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION <ul><li>These are influences that are external to the performer, e.g the drive to do well to please a coach or friends, or gain recognition like a medal or certificate, or even money. </li></ul><ul><li>Rewards that you can ‘touch’ and receive when you win are called ‘TANGIBLE REWARDS’ EG? </li></ul><ul><li>Whereas rewards that you cannot ‘touch’ are called ‘INTANGIBLE REWARDS’ EG? </li></ul><ul><li>External motivation can be used to encourage a person to follow a healthy lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Some external motivation can also increase your internal motivation EG? </li></ul>
  8. 9. EGO AND TASK MOTIVATION <ul><li>As sports people, you are motivated in different ways, </li></ul><ul><li>Ego Orientation – means you are motivated to play or take part because you want to beat others and win games </li></ul><ul><li>Task orientation – means you are motivated to play or take part because you enjoy playing and improving your own personal best </li></ul><ul><li>You probably have a mixture of both </li></ul><ul><li>It is best to have high levels of both, or it is good to be low in EGO and high in TASK orientation motivation, because you will continue to try hard whether you win or not. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have a high EGO and low TASK orientation you are likely to give up if things go badly and you loose continuously </li></ul>
  9. 10. MOTIVATION FOR THE DIFFERENT ROLES <ul><li>The Participant, Coach and Official may have different motivations: </li></ul><ul><li>Participant </li></ul><ul><li>May be motivated to please others (extrinsic) </li></ul><ul><li>Motivated to enjoy yourself and forget your worries (intrinsic) </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. </li></ul><ul><li>You may take up skateboarding, because you enjoy it, or you may take it up because everyone else is and you don't want to look silly. </li></ul>
  10. 11. MOTIVATION FOR THE DIFFERENT ROLES <ul><li>Leader </li></ul><ul><li>There are a number of situations you may be in a leadership role, leading a younger group in school, lead a warm up in PE etc... </li></ul><ul><li>You may do this because you enjoy the feeling of encouraging others (intrinsic) OR </li></ul><ul><li>You may do it because you look good in front of others and you may get recognition for doing it (extrinsic) </li></ul>
  11. 12. MOTIVATION FOR THE DIFFERENT ROLES <ul><li>Official </li></ul><ul><li>You may choose to umpire or referee a small game for younger pupils, or be a ball girl in a tennis competition </li></ul><ul><li>You might like the power it gives you and that this makes you feel good (intrinsic) </li></ul><ul><li>You may want to help others and help them develop (intrinsic) </li></ul><ul><li>You may be doing it to get a coaching certificate or further a career (extrinsic) </li></ul><ul><li>Or because you don’t want to let a coach or parent down (extrinsic) </li></ul>
  12. 13. WEBSITES TO HELP <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 14. FLASH CARDS <ul><li>A Revision Tool </li></ul>