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  1. 1. F= Full Course, S = Short Course. (Pupils on the Short Course, revise the topics in the grey boxes only. Full course you need to revise all topics) What the AQA Exam Board say you need to knowThe Participant as an Individual Revision Dates / CompletedAge (F & S) It is important to be aware of the physiological factors linked to age, why age divisions are always used in sport and examples of sports more suitable to particular age groupsDisability (F & S) It is important to know how the disabled are catered for to enable them to be active participants. You should also be aware of some examples of how they compete.Gender (F & S) You should be able to identify some of the physiological difference between men and women and back this up with knowledge about why competition is usually single sex. You may also be asked about sexual discrimination in sport.Physique (F & S) You not only need to know categories of somatotype but you also need to know specifically how a particular body type could affect the choice of and its suitability for a particular event or activity.Environment (F & It is important to be aware of all of theseS) factors and acknowledge that performers’ abilities to overcome problems caused by the environment can varyRisk and Challenge Questions are often asked about why an(F & S) individual would want to take part in a challenging activity. They are also closely linked to being aware of the safety measures that must be considered in a particular activity.Activity Levels and It is important to be able to compare andneeds (F & S) contrast the levels and needs linked to the demands of different activities and to be able to back this up with some actual examples.Training (F & S) You are likely to be asked to consider the link between the amount of training an individual is able to undertake in relation to their performance and that effect this and the successGCSE PE Exam tips,St Damian’s RC Science CollegeExam 2011 JMS
  2. 2. that is likely.Physical and mental demands of performanceFatigue and Stress Questions on this topic are likely to include(F & S) being able to identify clearly what fatigue and stress are and what affect they are likely to have on performance.Injury (F ) The important aspect of this section is that injuries should be prevented so you should know the most common causes and steps that should be taken to prevent them. You may also be asked to use examples in your answers.The Respiratory Make sure you understand the process ofSystem: aerobic gaseous exchange and that aerobic respiration(F ) is with oxygen. Knowing activities that require aerobic respiration is also vital.The Respiratory It is crucial that you are able to identify theSystem: Anaerobic difference between aerobic and anaerobic(F ) exercise and respiration. You should be able to give good examples of activities for both.The Circulatory You will not need to know the exact detailsSystem (F) about the heart or be required to label diagrams, but you must be aware of the function of the circulatory system, that it deals with transport and how it links to the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.The Cardiovascular Questions on this topic are likely to relate toSystem (F) why levels of cardiovascular endurance are important and the ways in which they can be improved and measured.Leisure and RecreationLeisure (F ) You should be aware of what leisure time actually is, the reasons why it has increased and the types of provision that are popular for people today.Recreation (F) It is important to be able to identify what is meant by recreation, but questions are likely to focus on how the best use can be made of the time available to bring about the maximum health benefits.DietMaintaining a It is important to know what constitutes abalanced diet (F) balance diet and to be able to understand the particular values and properties of the various nutrients that make this up.Specific Diets (F) The most likely topic to be examined in this section is any specific form of diet that particular performer in a specific activity might require.GCSE PE Exam tips,St Damian’s RC Science CollegeExam 2011 JMS
  3. 3. Health, fitness and a healthy lifestyle.General Health It is important to be able to remember the(F & S) definition of good health as it id often the focus of the question on this topic. This topic is also often linked to the relationship between health and fitness.Healthy active You will need to know what is meant by fitnesslifestyle (F & S) and exercise and be able to link these to benefits of leading a healthy, active lifestyle, giving examples of how this can be achieved.The structure of the You are unlikely to be asked specific questionsskeletal system about the skeletal system or to identify specific(F & S) joints, but you will need to know how it allows the body to move and its role in protecting vital organs.The role of the This topic is closely linked to the practicalskeletal system component. You need to be aware of any form(F & S) of movement require, such as physical actions in training, which require specific movements. E.g. flexion, extension etc.The structure of the You will mot need to identify and namemuscular system specific muscles but you do need to understand(F & S) why muscles are arranged in pairs.The role of the You may need to know the contribution thatmuscular system that muscular system makes to muscular(F & S) endurance and also its relationship with flexibility / supplenessComponents of It is important to be aware of what each of thefitness (F & S) components of fitness is, being able to give a concise definition for each of them. You should also be able to identify how each factor could be improved.Skill-related factors Being able to define these skill related factorsof fitness (F & S) is important, as well as making the link between various factors and giving examples of when they would be an advantage to a performer.TrainingPrinciples of Used the acronym SPORT to remember thetraining: Specificity principles of training. Specificity, Progression,and progression Overload, Reversibility, Tedium(F & S)Principles of You are likely to be asked for examples totraining: overload explain the aspect you are considering. Useand reversibility your own experiences and consider the major(F & S) muscles and muscle groups that would be affected.GCSE PE Exam tips,St Damian’s RC Science CollegeExam 2011 JMS
  4. 4. Aspects of training You will need to know about the reason for(F & S) warm ups and cool downs to answer several aspects of examination topics. You will also have to know how to implement them when taking part in the practical component.Circuit Training Questions are often asked about the specific(F & S) advantages and disadvantages of circuit training. The ease of setting up is a good example of an advantage, whist you need a large space is a disadvantage.Weight Training Most questions on weight training refer to(F & S) know the difference between repetitions and sets. Another common topics is the advantages and disadvantages of using this method together with the aspect of fitness that can be improved.Further training You should be able to match up a particularmethods (F & S) training method to the specific activity for which would be the most suitable. E.G. Fartlek training sustaining fitness in team games.School and Physical EducationNational Questions relating to why PE is compulsory inCurriculum (F & S) school are very popular, with an emphasis on the health issues associated with it.PESSCL Strategy Questions on this topic are almost certainly(F) going to relate to the impact of the PESSCL strategy. You can use your own experiences within school as examples in your answer.PESSYP (F ) As PESSYP is a relatively new initiative, it is likely that questions on how successful it is proving to be and how it has managed to build on the success of PESSCL. Therefore knowledge of PESSCL is also going to be essential.National Healthy It will be important to link the 4 core themes ofSchools (F & S) this programme and to consider it as a whole school policy, also identifying any direct link it is likely to have in the provision within the PE Curriculum.Extra Curricular It is important to be able to describe andProvisions (F & S) discuss what extra curricular provision actually consists of, but also to be able to state why it is important and what advantages are to be gained by providing it.Cultural and Social FactorsSocial Aspects (F) You should be able to define correct etiquette and be able to give examples from a sporting situation. You can use examples fro your own experience or from watching sporting events.GCSE PE Exam tips,St Damian’s RC Science CollegeExam 2011 JMS
  5. 5. Social Groupings You will be asked the positive and negative(F) effects of the different groupings. Try not to just consider opposites but come up with different examples for both types of effect.Opportunities for further involvement.Physical activity You will have to adopt at least one role as partRoles (F & S) of your practical course but you might also be asked about the main qualities for that particular role – especially that of the official.Vocational The difference between amateurs andOpportunities (F) professional sport is a popular topic to be questioned on as well as the ways in which amateurs are able to get around the rules relating to their status.Further Whist you will not be tested on exactly what aQualifications (F) specific award is, you might well be asked what the benefits would be of following an examination course. You will be able to use your own experiences as an example here.Cross – Curricular You are unlikely to be asked a questionLinks (F & S) specifically about the link with another particular subject, but you will need to know how PE can contribute to other subjects and where they link in to PE.International FactorsInternational You will not be asked about any specific eventSporting events (F) or competition but you might well be tested on what makes something high profile and to explain why it is so popular.The Olympic You will not be asked about any one particularGames (F) Olympic Games, but you are likely to be tested on issues relating to them and the advantages and disadvantages of hosting them.Competitions You may be set a scenario of a situation and(F&S) asked for the most suitable form of competition to use with it. Therefore, it is vital to know the advantages and disadvantages of each.Social FactorsThe role of the Being able to identify exactly what the media ismedia (F & S) and what it consists of is a common topic, but you will also need to know specific advantages each may have over the other.The influence of the The positive and negative effects the media canmedia (F & S) have are common topics for questions, but you will need to give some up to date examples of these.The role of One of the most common questions is aboutsponsorship (F& S) who or what can be sponsored, as well as the form the sponsorship is likely to take, such as equipment, payment or travel.GCSE PE Exam tips,St Damian’s RC Science CollegeExam 2011 JMS
  6. 6. The influence of You might well be examined on the type ofsponsorship (F&S) sponsorship and the advantages and disadvantages. You might also be asked for examples, particularly of unacceptable forms of sponsorship.Role Models (F) The influence of role models is a very common topic and will usually relate to how it may be able to increase levels of participation and performance in a sport or activity. You should be able to give an example of a current role model.Health and Safety You need to be aware of the general rules that(F) apply at all times. There are often questions relating to lifting and lowering that can be related to particular equipment used in PE lessons.Sport and Most questions on this topic will be relating toequipment rules (F) being able to identify a specific safety aspect relating to an activity or a specific rule regarding the clothing, equipment or footwear that should be used.Science in sport (F) It is important to keep up to date with technological advances as these happen very quickly and frequently. Having an up to date example to give in any exam question can be very beneficial.ICT in sport (F) Questions are often asked about how the use of ICT helps planning improvement and involvement in PE. You need to be aware of this as it is constantly changing and being updated.GCSE PE Exam tips,St Damian’s RC Science CollegeExam 2011 JMS
  7. 7. Your practical (unit 4) is worth 60% of your grade and your theory exam (unit3) is worth 40% of your grade.AO1 = Recall, select and communicate their knowledge and understanding ofphysical activity.AO2 = Apply skills knowledge and understanding in physical activity.AO3 = Analyse and evaluate physical activity, and identify action to bring aboutimprovement.The exam board then make a uniform mark from the mark you score.Practical /90 × 2 +Theory / 80 × 1.5 (The maximum uniform marks available is 300)GCSE PE Exam tips,St Damian’s RC Science CollegeExam 2011 JMS