PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

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PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. LONG TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. What is LTAD <ul><li>Developed by Istvan Balyi from 1990 to the present day, was initially an elitist talent development model now adopted as an athlete retention model. </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of models the Early and Late stage models </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Early Stage Model <ul><li>Consists of 4 stages; </li></ul><ul><li>1 Training to train </li></ul><ul><li>2Training to compete </li></ul><ul><li>3 Training to win </li></ul><ul><li>4 Retirement & Retainment </li></ul><ul><li>Sports can be classified as early specialization (e.g. gymnastics) or late specialization (e.g. Track and Field, Team sports). Early specialization sports require a four phase model while a late specialization model requires six phases </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Late Stage Model <ul><li>Phase 1: Fundamentals - Objective is to learn Fundamental motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2: Learning to train - Objective is to learn Fundamental sport skills </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 3: Training to train - Objective is to Build Fitness & Specific Sports Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 4: Training to compete - Objective is to refine skills for a specific event or </li></ul><ul><li>position </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 5 - Training to win - Objective is to maximise performance in competition </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 6 - Retirement & retainment / active for life - The main objective should be to </li></ul><ul><li>retain athletes for coaching, officiating, sport administration etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stage One FUNdamental <ul><li>This phase is appropriate for children aged 5 to 11. The main objective should be the overall development of the athlete’s physical capacities and fundamental movement skills </li></ul><ul><li>Develop the athlete's: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ABC's (Agility, Balance, Coordination and Speed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RJT (Running, Jumping, Throwing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KGBs (Kinesthetics, Gliding, Buoyancy, Striking with a body part) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CKs (Catching, Kicking, Striking with an implement) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Stage two Learning to train <ul><li>This phase is appropriate for children aged between 11 to15/16 . The main objective should be to learn all fundamental sports skills. </li></ul><ul><li>The key points of this phase are: </li></ul><ul><li>Further develop fundamental movement skills </li></ul><ul><li>Learn general overall sports skills </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to develop speed with specific activities during the warm-up, such as agility, quickness and change of direction </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to develop endurance with games and relays </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce basic flexibility exercises </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stage three Training to Train <ul><li>This phase is appropriate for children aged between 15 to 17. </li></ul><ul><li>The key points of this phase are: </li></ul><ul><li>Further develop speed and sport-specific skills </li></ul><ul><li>Develop knowledge of how and when to stretch, how to optimise nutrition and hydration, mental preparation, how and when to taper and peak </li></ul><ul><li>Establish pre-competition, competition and post competition routines </li></ul><ul><li>Special emphasis is also required for flexibility training due to the sudden growth of bones, tendons, ligaments and muscles </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stage four Training to Compete <ul><li>For energy ages from 16/17 plus. The main objective should be to maximize fitness preparation and sport/event specific skills as well as performance. </li></ul><ul><li>50% of available time is devoted to the development of technical and tactical skills and fitness improvements </li></ul><ul><li>50% of available time is devoted to competition and competition-specific training </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to perform these sport specific skills under a variety of competitive conditions during training </li></ul><ul><li>Special emphasis is placed on optimum preparation by modeling training and competition </li></ul>
  9. 9. Stage five Training to Win <ul><li>The main objective should be to maximize fitness preparation and sport/event specific skills as well as performance. </li></ul><ul><li>The key points of this phase are: </li></ul><ul><li>All of the athlete’s physical, technical, tactical, mental, personal and lifestyle capacities are now fully established and the focus of training has shifted to the maximization of performance </li></ul><ul><li>Athletes train to peak for major competitions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Stage 6 Retirement and Retainment / Active for life <ul><li>Retention Health Individual choice </li></ul><ul><li>The main objective should be to retain athletes for coaching, officiating, sport administration etc. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Task 1 <ul><li>Research the NGB of your sport and what are they doing about LTAD. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, what is physical literacy? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Homework <ul><li>Exam Question </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the concept of Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) and discuss how it has been implemented in UK sport (12) </li></ul><ul><li>Look at both Explanation and implementation. </li></ul>

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