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  1. 1. Please note this is a draft version until the course is fully published. Unit 1, Section 1: Applied exercise physiology - introduction Topic Learning Objectives Print Resources Page Electronic Resources (Subheadings) Number Improving explain the different concepts Concepts of fitness and health 2-14 Concept Presentation - The fitness and of health and fitness - Health impact of aerobic capacity on health explain how the health and - Fitness heart disease fitness of an individual are - How health and fitness are Case Study - The lifestyle related related choices of George Best: explain why it is difficult to The different components of football icon separate concepts of health fitness Interactive activity – and fitness in theory and in - Components of health-related Components of health- and practice fitness skill-related fitness - Components of skill-related break down health-related fitness Interactive activity – and skill-related fitness into Identification of fitness individual components How lifestyle choices can affect components through analysis health and fitness of a hockey game situation analyse the effect of an - Diet individual’s choice of lifestyle - Exercise Interactive activity – Analysis on their health and fitness. - Alcohol of data on obesity in men and - Smoking women - Lifestyle choices, fitness and Teacher notes health Revision quiz Nutrition understand percentage body Energy 16-27 Concept Presentation - fat/body composition and - Basal metabolic rate Understanding the definitions Body Mass Index (BMI) as - Percentage body fat of obesity and the limitations ways of measuring whether a - Obesity in trying to define it. person’s diet is nutritionally The seven classes of food Case Study - Comparison of suitable for them - Carbohydrates different diets in sport understand definitions of - Fat Interactive activity - Are you obesity and the limitations in - Protein the right weight for your trying to define it - Fibre height? understand the seven - Minerals - Vitamins Interactive activity – The classes of food and how they seven classes of food are used during exercise - Folic acid - Water Simulation - Nutritional understand the need for a Content of foods balanced diet and the idea of Balanced diet the energy balance of food - Different diets for different Teacher notes athletes Revision quiz understand the different types of diet required by endurance athletes and power athletes. Lung function understand the vital part that The mechanics of breathing 29-39 Concept Presentation - the lungs and associated - Lungs Diffusion of gases in the body processes of respiration play Lung volumes and capacities Case Study – The lung in enabling us to stay alive capacity of elite rowers and to engage in physical Gas exchange activity - Diffusion in the lungs Interactive activity - - The control of breathing and Inspiration and Expiration understand the mechanics of the role of carbon dioxide breathing – how our lungs Interactive activity - The are able to take air in and out control of breathing during rest and exercise Teacher notes describe the different lung Revision quiz volumes and their capacities interpret spirometer readings, in the form of graphs, of lung volumes at rest and during exercise understand the process of oxygen and carbon dioxide
  2. 2. 2 gas exchange that takes place in the lung alveoli and in the muscles understand the process of diffusion of oxygen and that carbon dioxide occurs within the lungs and at the muscle site understand what is meant by the concept of partial pressure and how it relates to differences of oxygen and carbon dioxide content in the alveolar air and pulmonary blood. Blood understand the circulation of Introduction 41-49 Concept Presentation - transport the blood at rest and during Circulation Redistribution of blood during system exercise - Arteries and veins exercise understand the transport of Redistribution of blood during Case Study – Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide exercise blood gases by the blood, including the Interactive activity - Venous roles of haemoglobin and Blood pressure and velocity return myoglobin in oxygen Venous return transport Interactive activity - Transport Transport of respiratory gases of respiratory gases understand the venous return - Oxygen transport mechanism understand the - Carbon dioxide transport Teacher notes a-vO2 difference. Gaseous exchange at tissues Revision quiz Heart function understand the structure of How the heart contracts 51-57 Concept Presentation - the heart and the cardiac An analogy for understanding Conduction system of the cycle the regulation of heart rate heart understand the terms cardiac Regulation of heart rate Case Study - Effects of output, stroke volume and training on heart rate and heart rate and the Effects of training function relationship between them Interactive activity - How the understand the role of blood heart contracts carbon dioxide in changing Interactive activity - heart rate, heart rate range in Regulating heart rate response to exercise and the hormonal and nervous Teacher notes effects on heart rate Revision quiz understand the effect of exercise (Starling’s law of the heart and cardiovascular drift) and training on the heart (cardiac hypertrophy leading to bradycardia/athlete’s heart). Analysis of understand the names of How we move 59-74 Concept Presentation – movements articulating bones, joint - Planes of motion Analysis of specific types, joint actions, planes Analysis of specific movements movements and axes, main agonists and - Running Case Study – Striking a ball antagonists - Jumping Interactive activity - describe types of muscle - Kicking Identification of bones contraction of the shoulder - Over-arm throwing and elbow involved in press- - Racket strokes Interactive activity - ups, over arm throwing and - Squats Identification of muscles forehand racket strokes - Press-ups Interactive activity - understand the names of - Levers Understanding levers articulating bones, joint Simulation - Planes of types, joint actions, planes Movement and axes, main agonists and Teacher notes antagonists, and types of Revision quiz muscle contraction of the hip, knee and ankle involved in running, kicking, jumping and squats understand the three classes of levers and provide examples from sporting actions understand the relationship
  3. 3. 3 of levers to effective performance and the range and speed of movement understand the concepts of mechanical advantage and disadvantage. Unit 1 Section 1 Electronic Resource: On Your Marks
  4. 4. 4 Unit 1, Section 2: Skill acquisition - introduction Topic Learning Objectives Print Resources Page Electronic Resources (Subheadings) Number Skills recognise a skill by its Characteristics of skill – how do 78-85 Concept Presentation - What characteristics, define it and you recognise it? is Skill? be able to tell the difference Difference between skill and Case Study - The relationship between skill and ability ability between skills and abilities in know the difference between - Types of abilities – perceptual basketball motor and perceptual skill and motor Interactive activity - and how they underpin all - Type of skill Characteristics of Skill: skills - Classifying skills Difference between skill and recognise different types of Ability skill – cognitive, perceptual Interactive activity - Types of and psychomotor and how Skill these are also underpinned by motor and perceptual Interactive activity - Skill abilities classification classify by using a range of Teacher notes continua (open-closed, Revision quiz discrete-serial-continuous, gross-fine, self paced - externally paced). Information understand the process of Input 87-100 Concept Presentation – The processing the input of information - Perception basic 3-stage model through the senses and the Memory Case Study - A comparison of process of selective attention - Short-term sensory stores information processing in understand the role and - Short-term memory beginner and more characteristics of memory - Long-term memory experienced performers understand the need for Strategies to improve memory Interactive activity - Memory quick decision making in - How to make mental rehearsal Processes sport effective Interactive activity - understand how performer - Uses of mental rehearsal Investigation into Simple and may use response time – Decision making Choice Reaction Time anticipation, Hick’s Law and - Spatial and temporal Interactive activity - the psychological refractory anticipation Psychological refractory period Psychological refractory period period understand the concept of Motor programmes Simulation – A practical motor programmes and Investigation into Hick’s Law subroutines Factors affecting the efficiency of the components of the Teacher notes understand the factors that information processing system affect the efficiency of Revision quiz and strategies for improvement information processing - Improving selective attention systems. - Improving retention in memory - Improving reaction time - Why skills break down Learning and describe how motivation What drives us to acquire 102-120 Concept Presentation - performance helps us to acquire and psycho-motor skills? Theories of how we learn develop psycho-motor skills Theories of how we learn Case Study - Understanding understand the three main - Conditioning theories the 3 stages of learning theories of learning – - Operant conditioning through the analysis of conditioning, cognitive and Cognitive theories of learning breakdance observational – that are used - Adams’ closed loop theory Interactive activity - to explain the ways in which - Schmidt’s schema theory Understanding motivation in we acquire psycho-motor - Insight learning sport skills Social learning theories Interactive activity - Learning describe the different stages - Observational learning plateaus of learning that we go through, including learning From beginner to expert – the Interactive activity - Transfer plateaux, that occur as stages of learning of Learning psycho-motor skills are - Cognitive stage Teacher notes acquired and refined - Associative stage - Autonomous stage Revision quiz describe how learning can be - Stages of learning and types transferred from one situation of feedback to another - Forms of feedback understand how we can help Skill development and ourselves learn and develop performance curves skills more effectively Learning plateau through the use of practice - Overcoming a learning understand the rate at which
  5. 5. 5 we learn skills and how this plateau can be graphically The transfer of learning represented and modelled. - Positive transfer - Negative transfer - Zero transfer - Bilateral transfer - Proactive transfer - Retroactive transfer The effect of practice on learning - Skill learning and teacher guidance Unit 1 Section 2 Electronic Resource: On Your Marks
  6. 6. 6 Unit 1, Section 3: Opportunities for participation Topic Learning Objectives Print Resources Page Electronic Resources (Subheadings) Number Concepts and understand the The characteristics and 123-144 Concept Presentation – definitions characteristics and objectives objectives of physical activities Understanding the of play, physical education, - Play Characteristics of Leisure and leisure and recreation, active - Leisure and recreation Recreation leisure, outdoor and - Active leisure Case Study - Urban adventurous activities and - Outdoor and adventurous adventure sport activity - Sport Interactive activity - The recognise when individuals objectives of play are engaged in these - Physical education activities Recognise when individuals are Interactive activity - The engaged in these activities objectives of sport understand that these concepts are inter-related Are these activities Interactive activity - interrelated? The physical Characteristics of Physical compare and contrast the Education different forms of physical activity continuum activity Understand the benefits of Teacher notes understand the benefits participating in physical activity Revision quiz these activities bring to - Benefits to individuals individuals and to wider - Benefits to wider society society. Leisure describe the characteristics Characteristics and goals of 146-162 Concept Presentation - provision and goals of the public, each of the sectors Provision of Leisure private and voluntary sectors - Public sector Case Study - Characteristics in terms of making provision - Private sector of the Public and Private for sport and active - Voluntary sector sector of leisure provision leisure/physical recreation Equality of opportunity – the Interactive activity - Equality analyse the advantages and advantages and disadvantages of opportunity- the disadvantages of public, of each of the sectors advantages and private and voluntary sector - Private sector disadvantages of each of the provision in terms of - Voluntary sector leisure providers providing equality of - Public sector opportunity for different Interactive activity - ‘Best value’ – improving the Recreation: Who manages? groups within the community public sector discuss how the concept of Interactive activity - The role The role of National of National Government ‘Best Value’ has impacted Government upon the quality and range of Teacher notes public sector provision for Revision quiz sport and active leisure describe how government policy is implemented by Sport England and its impact upon the public sector. National understand the historical, Public school sports (1800– 164-184 Concept Presentation - Curriculum social and cultural factors 1870) National Curriculum Physical Physical contributing towards the - Rational recreation (1850– Educational and School Sport Education and development of the current 1890) Case Study - A history of school sport provision of Physical - Social changes leading to sport at Eton public school Education rationalisation of sport Interactive activity - The understand the development State school education (1870– development of physical of physical activities within 1940) education between 1904 - state elementary schools National Curriculum Physical 1988 from the early twentieth Education century emphasis on drill Interactive activity - National through physical training to Developing school–club links Curriculum Physical post WWII emphasis on Sports colleges Education movement - School Sports Co-ordinator Interactive activity – Policies understand the (SSCo) and strategies for improving characteristics of each of the The Physical Education and school sport and PE Key Stages of the National School Sport Club Links Teacher notes Curriculum for Physical (PESSCL) strategy Revision quiz Education and the relevance - School Sport Partnerships of each in relation to Active sports increasing opportunity for Sports leaders UK participation TOP programme understand the role of national governing bodies, National Governing Bodies and Sport England and Youth Whole Sport Plans Sports Trust in increasing Sport England
  7. 7. 7 participation. Youth Sports Trust Equal understand and accurately Participation – a level playing 186-205 Concept Presentation – Equal opportunities identify examples of field? opportunities discrimination, stereotyping - Participation by age group Case Study – Racism in and prejudice in sport What is meant by inclusiveness football understand what is meant by and equal opportunity? Interactive activity - Who inclusiveness and equal What are the barriers to suffers from the barriers to opportunity participation? participation? identify the specific barriers - Lack of opportunity Interactive activity - Which to participation that occur as - Personal resources groups are involved in a result of gender - Discrimination in sport providing equality of discrimination; discrimination - Fear of discrimination opportunity? towards those from different - Stereotypical views – the push socio-economic classes, factor Teacher notes ethnic groups or towards - The status of sport Revision quiz those who have a disability Who suffers from the barriers to understand the current participation? policies and strategies - Women designed to overcome - Ethnic groups discrimination and raise the - Sport, physical recreation and participation levels of those those with a disability who suffer from - Social class issues discrimination in sport and What is being done to physical recreation. overcome the barriers to participation? - Which groups are involved in providing equality of opportunity? How effectively are we overcoming the barriers and achieving equality of opportunity in sport? Unit 1 Section 3 Electronic Resource: On Your Marks
  8. 8. 8 Unit 2, Section 1: Practical aspects of physical education Topic Learning Objectives Print Resources Page Electronic Resources (Subheadings) Number Practical describe the How the marks in Unit 2 209-221 Teacher notes coursework accepted/correct skill model (Practical Coursework)are demonstrate the required awarded personal skills and - How the performance marks techniques, on your own and are allocated under practice or modified/ - How the marks for acting as a controlled competitive coach or leader are awarded situations - How the marks for acting as an official are awarded observe, analyse and evaluate your own and Practical coursework – others’ performance preparing for assessment - Improving yourself as a interpret, analyse and performer process information related - Improving yourself as a coach to performance in physical - Improving yourself as an activity official test and compare your Practical assessment – being performance against the the best you can be correct skill models and the - As a performer performance of others - As a coach apply the knowledge gained - As an official in Unit 1 in order to improve - It is worth it! your performance or the performance of others. Practical understand the principles of Principles of training 222-248 Concept Presentation - exercise training – specificity, - Specificity Understanding the application physiology progression, overtraining, - Overload of the F.I.T.T. principle in a overload, reversibility, tedium - The FITT principles of training sporting context and the FITT principles of - Frequency Case Study - An analysis of intensity - Intensity the Multi-stage fitness test understand how to calculate - Type and its development optimal workload intensities - Time Interactive activity - Fitness understand the reasons for Measuring intensity testing fitness testing and the - Borg scale - Heart rate Interactive activity - Training principles of maximal and methods sub-maximal tests - One rep max - Progression Simulation – Understanding understand the physiological - Overtraining how to calculate optimal and psychological value of a - Reversibility workload intensities warm-up and a cool-down - Tedium Teacher notes understand the different Fitness testing types of stretching exercises Revision quiz - Reasons for testing - active and passive; static - Making the test specific to the and ballistic; and the sport principles of safe practice. - Making the test valid - Making the test reliable - Ensuring accuracy - Maximal and sub-maximal tests - Standardising the test protocol Health-related fitness tests - Multi-Stage Fitness Test – a test for stamina - Sit-ups test – a test for muscular endurance - Leg/back dynamometer – a test for strength - Sit and reach test – a test for flexibility - Bioelectric impedance – a test for body composition (percentage body fat) Skill-related fitness tests - Sergeant jump test – a test for power - 20 metre sprint test – a test for speed - Illinois agility run test – a test for agility
  9. 9. 9 - The Ruler drop test – a test for reaction time - Stork stand test – a test for balance - Anderson ball-catch test – a test for hand–eye coordination The warm-up - General warm-up - Stretching - Specific warm-up - Psychological preparation Types of stretching - Principles of safe practice Cooling down - Benefits of a cool-down Training methods - Continuous training regimes - Intermittent training regimes - Circuit training - Weight training - Plyometric training - Mobility training Practical skill improve skill using practice Teaching or coaching? 250-266 Concept Presentation - acquisition identify and use a range of - Teaching styles Identification of different teaching styles (command, - When to use a particular style teaching styles reciprocal, discovery and How to practise a skill Case Study - An analysis of problem solving) and know - The different methods of the types of practice Beth when to use them practice Tweddle, Olympic Gymnast, identify the different methods Structuring practice time uses as part of her training of practice; whole, regime How to guide an improver progressive part and whole- - Visual guidance Interactive activity - Different part-whole and when to use - Verbal guidance types of guidance each method - Mechanical or manual Interactive activity - understand that practice can guidance Understanding feedback in be structured in different Feedback relation to the skill, purpose ways: massed, distributed, - Types of feedback and learning situation variable and mental practice - Which feedback to use Teacher notes and understand when they - The importance of feedback are most effective Revision quiz understand the different ways that a performer may be guided: verbal, visual, manual and mechanical and where it is appropriate to use those methods of guidance understand the different types of feedback and what type of feedback is most effective. Exam skills Preparing for the examination 268-271 On the day Interpreting questions Command words Unit 2 Electronic Resource: On Your Marks