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  1. 1. Questions Questions1 Name one of the 4 key concepts in PE 1 What is meant by knowledge of results?2 Name one of the 5 key processes in PE 2 What is knowledge of performance?3 Name one fundamental motor skill 3 What is motivation?4 What is meant by the term positive 4 What is intrinsic motivation? reinforcement? 5 What is extrinsic motivation?5 Give an example of positive reinforcement Questions Questions1 What is task motivation? 1 What is meant by the term etiquette?2 What is ego motivation? 2 Who usually sets the rules for a sport?3 What does the ‘S’ stand for in the SMARTER 3 What are ‘regulations’ in physical activities? Principles of goal-setting? 4 Name one component of fitness4 What does the ‘M’ stand for in the SMARTER Principles of goal-setting? 5 What is the main function of haemoglobin?5 What is meant by the term ‘role’ in a physical activity? Give an example. Questions Questions1 What does the term hypertrophy mean? 1 Give two functions of the skeleton2 What is the definition of flexibility? 2 What is the proper name for the skull?3 What is muscular endurance? 3 What is the most common type of joint?4 What are mitochondria? 4 What are ligaments?5 What is a definition of strength? 5 What is meant by the term flexion?
  2. 2. Answers Answers1 feedback which is external and can come from 1 competence, performance, creativity, healthy the performer seeing the result of their active lifestyles response – or from another person e.g. coach 2 developing skills, making and applying2 feedback about the pattern of movement that decisions, developing physical and mental has taken or is taking place – can be gained capacity, evaluating and improving, making through kinaesthetic awareness informed choices about healthy active lifestyles3 the drive or need to do something with 3 running, catching, throwing, kicking, jumping, determination hitting4 the internal drive or willpower to perform well 4 a reward given to a performer to encourage5 external influences to perform well such as behaviour to be repeated money, medals, praise etc…. 5 praise, badges, money, certificates, medals, trophies etc… Answers Answers1 codes of behaviour and customs that are 1 exercising to keep healthy or playing sport to acceptable in a particular activity improve personal bests (mainly intrinsic)2 National Governing Body 2 exercising or playing sport because you want3 specifications relating to players, umpires, to win or want to beat others (mainly extrinsic) referees, equipment, playing surfaces etc…. 3 specific4 cardiovascular endurance (stamina), speed, 4 measurable strength, muscular endurance, flexibility 5 the part played by someone in a particular5 to transport oxygen in the blood situation eg as a player in a rugby team or a referee in football Answers Answers1 shape and support, protection, allow 1 an increase in the size of an organ or muscle movement, produce red and white blood cells, 2 the range of movement around a joint store minerals 3 the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to2 cranium keep going without a rest3 synovial or freely moveable 4 places in each muscle cell where energy is4 tough, connective tissue that connect bone to produced bone 5 the ability of the muscular system to exert5 the bending of a limb at a joint force for a short period of time
  3. 3. Questions Questions1 What is meant by the term adduction? 1 What is an antagonist muscle?2 What is osteoporosis? 2 What is meant by the term ‘origin’ in the muscular system?3 What is skeletal or voluntary muscle? 3 Give two symptoms of tendonitis?4 What is the calf muscle otherwise known as? 4 What are synergist muscles?5 What is a prime mover? 5 What is tennis elbow? Questions Questions1 What causes lactic acid to build up in the 1 What is meant by the term perception? muscles? 2 What are cognitive skills?2 What is external imagery? 3 Give two characteristics of skill.3 What is meant by the term internal imagery? 4 What are performance goals?4 Briefly describe ‘self-talk’ as a method for mental preparation 5 What are outcome goals?5 What is progressive relaxation training (PRT)? Questions Questions1 What is VO2 Max? 1 Name the two types of carbohydrate.2 What is the most reliable method of assessing 2 Name two components of a healthy diet. cardiovascular fitness? 3 Approx what % of our diet should be3 What is the test for assessing lower back and carbohydrates? hamstring flexibility? 4 What is meant by the term Basal Metabolic4 How is BMI calculated? Rate?5 Name a test for cardiovascular endurance 5 What is meant by the term ‘core strength’? other than the bleep test.
  4. 4. Answers Answers1 a muscle that lengthens when prime mover 1 the movement of a limb towards the midline contracts of the body2 the end of a muscle attached by a tendon to a 2 a disease in which bones become fragile and bone that is stable weak (lack of hormones, lack of vitamins)3 tenderness, pain, swelling, warm skin, reduced 3 muscle which is under our conscious control movement and used mainly for movement4 muscles which prevent undesired movements 4 the gastrocnemius by prime movers and antagonists – also known 5 a muscle that produces movement by as neutralisers contracting (shortening) also known as agonist5 inflammation of the tendons attached to the elbow Answers Answers1 interpreting the stimuli around us, depends on 1 a lack of oxygen in the working muscles past experience and attention 2 when you can picture yourself from outside2 our intellect, the ability to make sense of a your body – like watching yourself on film situation 3 when you imagine and simulate the feeling of3 fluent, coordinated, controlled, effortless, an activity looks good, 4 when performers talk to themselves in a4 related to improving the technique or the positive manner about past and future efforts performance 5 when an athlete learns to be aware of the5 concerned with the end result, eg win or lose tension in the muscles and then releases all the tension – also known as the Jacobsen technique Answers Answers1 simple/sugars, complex/starches 1 the maximum amount of oxygen an individual2 carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, fibre, fats, can take in and use in one minute water, vitamins 2 the multi-stage fitness test (beep / bleep test)3 50% 3 sit and reach test4 a measure of the amount of energy we need at 4 weight divided by height squared Rest 5 Cooper 12 minute run, Harvard Step Test5 strength in your back, abdominal and pelvis muscles
  5. 5. Questions Questions1 What is tidal volume? 1 What does the word aerobic mean?2 What is meant by the term specificity? 2 What does the word anaerobic mean?3 What is meant by the term overload? 3 What type of physical actions does plyometrics involve?4 When will a performer experience reversibility? 4 What are the two types of flexibility (stretching) exercise called?5 What do the initials FITT stand for? 5 Will interval training improve aerobic fitness, anaerobic fitness or both? Questions Questions1 What is hypothermia? 1 What is meant by the term risk?2 What is another name for ‘Fartlek’ training? 2 What is meant by the term hygiene?3 What is a sprain and how is it caused? 3 What is athlete’s foot?4 What is a risk assessment? 4 What is a blister?5 What is a hazard? 5 How should a performer prevent dehydration? Questions Questions1 What is the definition of sport? 1 As a provider of sport who are the private sector?2 What is meant by the term leisure? 2 What are governing bodies?3 What is meant by the term recreation? 3 What is the main function of UK Sport?4 What are participation rates? 4 Name 3 specific barriers that prevent5 what is meant by the term sports equity? participation in sport 5 In terms of sports provision, what is meant by a target group?
  6. 6. Answers Answers1 with oxygen 1 volume of air breathed in or out per breath2 without oxygen 2 any training should be specific to the needs3 bounding, hopping, leaping of the activity or type of sport involved4 passive stretching and active stretching 3 making the body work harder than normal5 both 4 when they stop training due to illness, injury or lack of motivation 5 frequency, intensity, time, type Answers Answers1 the chances that somebody will be harmed 1 a drop in the body’s core temperature to by a hazard 35 degrees Celsius or less2 keeping clean in order to limit the chances of 2 ‘speed play’ training infection and disease, good habits of personal 3 a tear to a ligament caused by an overstretch washing and grooming 4 measuring the chances of an accident3 a fungal infection of the feet, causes itchiness happening and planning to prevent it4 a bubble of liquid (serum) that flows between 5 something that has the potential to cause damaged skin layers harm5 taking in fluids before and during prolonged exercise Answers Answers1 companies who provide sports facilities to 1 competition between individuals or teams that make a profit is organised and includes physical activity2 committees who decide the rules and 2 time in which there is an opportunity for regulations for their sport choice, time spent when not working3 to provide support for elite performers 3 an enjoyable activity carried out in your leisure4 age, gender, education, family, disability, time ethnicity, religion, environment, climate 4 the number of people within a group who are5 a group of people who may have low involved in sport compared with those who are participation rates in sport and physical activity not eg disabled people 5 concerned with the fairness in sport and equality of access, recognising inequalities and taking steps to address them
  7. 7. Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 What is involved in the process of evaluating 1 How would you apply the concept of and improving? creativity to long jump?2 What is meant by the process of making and 2 How would you apply the concept of creativity applying decisions? to badminton?3 What is meant by the process of making 3 Explain the use of trial and error learning. informed choices about healthy, active lifestyles? Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Explain the process of observational learning 1 Explain the effects of under-eating on performance and participation2 Explain how kinaesthetic awareness helps Feedback 2 Describe the main benefits of a healthy, active lifestyle3 Explain why you would perform a ‘cool –down’ after exercise. 3 How would you use the Body Mass Index (BMI) to assess a young person’s readiness for exercise? Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Explain why it is important to abide by rules 1 Explain how assessment courses in PE and codes of behaviour. (like GCSE PE)can help to promote an active, healthy lifestyle2 Describe what is involved in performing the role of umpire or referee 2 How can the control of your emotions help with the management of stress in physical3 How would the British Olympic Association activities? help you if you were an Olympic athlete? 3 How can an active lifestyle keep your muscles Healthy?
  8. 8. Answers Answers1 trying different techniques to find which one 1 being able to analyse a performance and suits your own abilities then practising that one identify the strengths and weaknesses, making until successful decisions about how to improve based on the2 trying different tactics to see which one is the analysis most effective eg playing shots close to the net 2 selecting and using the correct skills, tactics, or towards the back of the court strategies and ideas effectively in a3 sometimes called operant conditioning, performance involves the shaping of behaviour through 3 identifying the types of physical activity that reinforcement, if a reward is given when a are best suited to you and the types of role certain behaviour takes place- learning is much that you might like to take on faster Answers Answers1 causes muscle weakness, performance 1 observe a model performance (role model), decreases in terms of stamina, speed, strength; paying attention to the important movements, lack of energy available, low blood sugar, feel remembering the model that has been faint, weaker bones due to loss of nutrients presented (visual image), repeat the skill2 less prone to illness / disease, less prone to being observed t gain intrinsic feedback injury, live longer, good mental health, positive 2 improves knowledge of performance or self-esteem, improves enjoyment of activity, intrinsic feedback by providing information improves social life, avoids obesity, avoids via proprioceptors eg balancing on a beam fatigue 3 removes lactic acid, reduces risk of injury,3 indicates how fit they are, can tell if they are decreases muscle soreness, prevents blood overweight, identifies need for exercise, a pooling, gradually reduces heart rate and temp score over 25 indicates overweight, over 40 indicates serious health risk, score between 18 – 15 more desirable, measurement of weight divided by height squared Answers Answers1 raises awareness of positive reasons, having 1 prevents injury, less dangerous, everybody can fun on the course can motivate person to lead enjoy activity, shows respect for everyone, not healthy lifestyle, educates about health and letting team mates down, not to get sent off fitness, helps to set goals for improved fitness, 2 need to concentrate and watch game, keep the provides role models in school to motivate score, communicate with players and other others, provides links with clubs outside school officials, ensure everyone keeps to the rules,2 relaxes you, takes pressure off, keeps you have good knowledge of rules, make decisions calm, reduces anxiety, less likely to be angry, under pressure, keep check on time more focused on activity, less likely to be 3 might get selected for the team, organises kit violent and facilities for you, organises training, helps3 make them stronger, more powerful, more with funding, helps with travel, helps provide toned, bigger (hypertrophy), less prone to top coaches injury, improves endurance tire less easily
  9. 9. Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Describe the effects of lactic acid on muscles 1 Explain how the media influences those who participate in physical activities2 Explain how you might motivate a young person to be involved as an official in a physical 2 Describe the training method of plyometrics activity3 Describe the main functions of the skeleton that keep the body healthy and active Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Explain the function of synovial fluid in joints 1 Explain why a warm up in important before Exercise2 Give four ways in which a performer might minimise the risk of injury 2 Describe the possible ‘pathways’ of involvement in physical activities3 Explain how Government initiatives related to healthy active lifestyles can encourage people 3 Identify 2 positive and 2 negative effects of to be healthy the family on participation in physical activities Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Describe how schools influence young people 1 Identify three measures or indicators of to get involved in physical activity as part of a someone’s health and well-being healthy active lifestyle 2 Explain how vitamins contribute to our health2 Describe circuit training 3 Explain how minerals contribute to our health
  10. 10. Answers Answers1 media covers wide range of activities on a 1 causes fatigue/tiredness, may cause us to stop, regular basis, encourages general interest, performer has to slow down / decrease in promotes certain activities, promotes benefits effectiveness, can hurt / painful / soreness of being active and healthy, promotes new 2 to try something different, give praise, give or novel activities, media attracts sponsorship rewards / badges, to make money, to gain which may provide more funding for increased qualifications, to get involved in an activity participation, can be a negative influence if an even though they may not be a good undesirable factor is linked to the activity performer, as a possible career, good for fun, eg violence opportunity to make friends2 involves bounding / hopping, depth jumping, 3 shape/support eg posture, red blood cell muscles must work concentrically and production for energy, protection eg vital eccentrically when athlete jumps onto and off organs, movement eg exercise in physical boxes, very strenuous type of training, very activities, mineral production eg keep healthy important to warm up Answers Answers1 increase muscle temp, improve performance, 1 lubricates the joint, protects from injury, prepare body for exercise, increase blood ensures smooth movement/prevents friction, supply, rehearse skills, mentally prepare, helps stabilise the joint less chance if injury, increase flexibility 2 correct clothing/footwear, protective kit,2 participating regularly in PE lessons, taking part follow health and safety rules, complete warm in extra-curricular activities, coaching/teaching, up and cool down routines, carry equipment officiating an activity, volunteering to help in correctly an activity, as a career/professional 3 can help to tackle barriers to participation,3 Positive: provide support, give advice, watch provides a simple message/easy to understand, you, provide transport, buy equipment encourages people to share ideas and Negative: show little interest, not watching, experiences, helps to motivate, parents can poor role models, no financial support, push get more involved with their children, eg Top you too hard Tips for Mums, Change4life, 5 a Day Answers Answers1 satisfaction with life, frequency of positive 1 teach PE as part of curriculum, stimulate feelings, how active you are, how well you look Interest, make it exciting/fun, teach skills, after yourself, number of friendships, good develop fitness to participate, offer exam sleeping patterns, health screening (eg BMI) courses, provide extra-curricular clubs and2 prevent infections/illness, help produce energy links to clubs outside school helps body systems work effectively 2 series of exercises/stations of different3 needed for strong/healthy bones/teeth/skin, activities, each exercise has its own repetitions essential for blood/helps carry oxygen, whole circuit can be repeated, body weight is essential for effective growth/development the usual resistance, skills as well as fitness can be incorporated, periods of rest between stations and/or circuits
  11. 11. Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Apart from Health Screening, identify three 1 Explain why old age might affect participation other ways of assessing the body’s readiness in physical activity for exercise 2 How would you assess someone’s readiness2 Identify 2 reasons why it is good to follow an for cardiovascular exercise so that they can active, healthy lifestyle participate in physical activities?3 Explain how flexibility can influence following 3 Explain why carbohydrates are important for a healthy, balanced lifestyle those who participate in a healthy lifestyle Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Explain reasons why teenagers often give up 1 How would you use extrinsic motivation to on participating in physical activity and encourage a teenager to follow an active, following an active, healthy lifestyle healthy lifestyle?2 How can physical activity keep our joints 2 Explain how local provision can encourage healthy? participation in physical activities3 Explain how exercise can have a positive effect 3 Describe the difference between aerobic on our heart and lungs and anaerobic exercise Hurdle Questions Hurdle Questions1 Explain how skills in physical activities can be 1 Explain why you would use a cool down after learned effectively physical activity2 Describe how you would evaluate someone’s 2 Explain what is meant by the term ‘overload’ performance and help them improve in a in terms of fitness training physical activity 3 Explain what is meant by a skilled performer3 Describe how you would use performance goals to improve a player in an activity
  12. 12. Answers Answers1 lack of mobility, lack of confidence, loss of 1 fitness tests, Bleep test, Cooper 12 min run, self-esteem, discrimination, no role models, sit and reach test, grip test for strength, lack of activities/facilities, poor transport sit up test for muscular endurance, agility/2 ask them about their current health, use a balance/coordination test Suitable test to assess fitness eg Bleep test or 2 able to exercise for long periods, stronger 12 min Cooper run, possibly use medical checks heart, live longer, less prone to injury/illness, Eg heart rates/blood pressure recover more quickly, make more friends,3 provides fast energy release (sugars), provides feel better energy for long periods (carbo-loading), used 3 ensures good mobility, less prone to have a as a fuel for cell respiration joint/muscular injury, gives you more options to take part in more sports Answers Answers1 give praise/encouragement, badges/rewards, 1 lack of motivation, peer pressure, lack of show them role models, show benefits to body opportunity, loss of self-esteem, lack of image parental support, no role models2 facilities provided by local authority/council, 2 strengthens the connective tissues, gives wide variety of facilities, subsidise strengthens the muscles therefore helps the activities to make them affordable, give taster joints stay healthy, maintains good mobility courses, provide disabled access, advertise 3 lower resting HR, improved stroke volume courses and activities, provide transport and cardiac output, better lung capacities,3 aerobic: involves presence of oxygen, the prevents illness, quicker recovery from disease, ability to exercise for long periods eg marathon exercise without risk of health problems anaerobic: without the presence of oxygen, short bursts of work eg sprinting Answers Answers1 to speed up removal of lactic acid, decreases 1 practice/rehearsal, copying others, role chance of injury, decreases muscle soreness, models, trial and error, being taught, use of prevents blood pooling, prevents dizziness rewards to motivate, through enjoyment2 making the body work harder than normal to 2 observe them/video them, assess performance place body under stress, achieved by increasing identify strengths and weaknesses, set targets frequency, intensity or time of exercise to improve (SMARTER) use praise/rewards,3 someone who makes it look effortless, they monitor progress, make further assessments, look good (aesthetic), they are fluent, test for improvement coordinated, controlled, display good 3 performance relates to technique of skills, technique assess performance and set goal eg to improve my forehand in tennis, could also relate to tactics/strategies eg when is the best time to use a dummy pass in rugby