Youth Employment and Youth on the Move


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Youth Employment and Youth on the Move

  1. 1. Youth employment & “Youth on the Move”Kick-Off meeting « Future City Jobs » London, 11/10/2011 Brigitte DEGEN Policy & Communication Officer European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
  2. 2. EU economy: what is the current picture?• 23 million people (on average 10% of active population) now unemployed• Much higher percentage for young people (20,9%), harshly hit by the crisis (more than 40% unemployed youth in Spain & Greece)• In 2009, EU GDP fell by 4% ; industrial production dropped by 20% to 1990s levels• National deficits at 7% of GDP on average, national debts at over 80% of GDP on average• EU‘s growth potential has already halved as a result of the crisis
  3. 3. EU priorities for young people (1)ENSURING TRANSITIONS•Individualised professional guidance and advice• Youth guarantees• Vocational training, apprenticeship• Targeted active policies• Personalised approach, reach out to young people inpartnership with various relevant actors
  4. 4. EU priorities for young people (2)IMPROVING THE LABOUR MARKETS•Stimulating the offer• Reducing segmentation• Promoting quality mobilityMOBILISING EU SUPPORT:• Sharing experiences & good practices (Progress)• Using EU funding, in particular ESF
  5. 5. Europe 2020: 3 relevant EU headline targets By 2020• 75 % employment rate for people between 20 and 64• < 10% early school leavers & min. 40% hold tertiarydegree• reduce by 20 million the number of people at risk ofpoverty
  6. 6. Europe 2020: 3 interlinked priorities Smart growth: developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation Sustainable growth: promoting a more efficient, greener and more competitive economy Inclusive growth: fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion
  7. 7. Europe 2020: 7 flagship initiatives Smart Growth Sustainable Inclusive Growth Growth Innovation Climate, energy Employment and« Innovation Union » and mobility skills « Resource efficient  « An agenda for  Europe » new skills and jobs »Youth education and Competitiveness Fighting poverty employment « An industrial  « European platform  « Youth on the  policy for the  against poverty » move » globalisation era » Digital society « A digital agenda  for Europe »
  8. 8. Youth on the move
  9. 9. 3 strands of key actions• Improve education and training systems: lifelong learning, higher education, VET• Facilitate EU mobility for learning purposes and on the labour market• Policy framework to improve youth employment
  10. 10. 1. Actions to support education & training• Re-launch cooperation on vocational education and training• Modernise universities• Quality framework for traineeships
  11. 11. 2. Support for learning and job mobility• Access to job opportunities in the wider EU labour market through new mobility scheme: Your first EURES job• A European Vacancy Monitor to increase transparency• Ensure free movement of young workers and monitor the application of EU legislation to ensure that mobile workers enjoy the same rights as « home » young workers• Remove obstacles and increase opportunities: proposal for a Council Recommendation on promoting learning mobility
  12. 12. 3. A framework for youth employment• For all young people: graduates from VET, graduates from HE, vulnerable groups (NEETs, low-skilled, women, ethnic minorities, migrants, disabled)• Focus on: transitions, fighting segmentation, provide adequate safety nets, encourage youth entrepreneurship & self-employment
  13. 13. A framework for youth employment What do we want to achieve? Reduce high youth unemployment Raise youth employment rates EU had these objectives already before the crisis when youth employment was not satisfactory either, but there are important additional short term challenges in the jobs crisis: tight public budgets fewer job openings, risk of “lost generation”
  14. 14. A framework for youth employment : How does EU intervene?• Design and implementation of youth policies: first and foremost a Member States’ competence• EU has mainly a policy coordination role: * setting common priorities * monitoring progress * making recommendations to individual Member States * promoting mutual learning and best practice exchange
  15. 15. Priorities of the policy framework* Help young people to get the first job and start a career* Support youth at risk* Provide adequate social safety nets for young people* Support young entrepreneurs and self-employed
  16. 16. Improve education-to-work transitions Information, guidance and counselling Skills development at labour market entry(vocational training, apprenticeships)  Early contact with labour market during studies(traineeships, internships)
  17. 17. Youth GuaranteesEnsuring that all young people are in a job, further education oractivation measures within four months of leaving school and providethis as a “Youth Guarantee”Implementation at national level; Youth Guarantees (and similarapproaches) need to be based on consensus and joint action ofdifferent stakeholders
  18. 18. “Single contract”In segmented labour markets, introducing an open-ended "singlecontract" with a sufficiently long probation period and a gradualincrease of protection rights, access to training, life long learningand career guidance for all employees.Make permanent contracts more attractive, e.g. by introducingminimum incomes specifically for young people and by positivelydifferentiated non-wage costs.
  19. 19. Strengthening social safety net for youth* Offering a good balance between rights to benefits and targetedactivation measures based upon mutual obligation; in order to avoidthat young people fall outside any social protection system and toavoid benefit traps.* Modernising social security systems to take account of specificsituation of young people, especially their increased risk ofprecariousness
  20. 20. Promoting youth entrepreneurship & self-employment (1) • Increasing knowledge on entrepreneurship and self-employment • First report on "entrepreneurial activity in Europe" focusing on the social and employment aspects of entrepreneurship; •Policy brief on youth entrepreneurship beginning of 2012 • Youth@Work campaign
  21. 21. Youth@WorkAwareness-raising campaign to build contacts between young peopleand small businesses (SMEs). The aim is to: help young jobseekers find jobs in SMEs and rapidly gainexperience and skills raise awareness among small businesses about the potential benefits of recruiting inventive, dynamic young people make young people aware of the existing tools that can help them become self employed or set up their own business
  22. 22. Promoting youth entrepreneurship & self-employment (2) Supporting entrepreneurship & self- employment financially:  European Social Fund  European Progress Microfinance Facility  ERASMUS for young entrepreneurs
  23. 23. Progress MicrofinanceCreating jobs and fighting exclusionby:Increasing access to, and availability of,microfinance for:  vulnerable groups (unemployed, disadvantaged people, youth...)  micro-enterprises, especially those in the social economy
  24. 24. Some relevant linksPromoting entrepreneurs & the self-employed Microfinance for young Entrepreneurs on the move
  25. 25. Thank you!