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BP 2014: Supporting Deeper Deliberative Dialogue Through Awareness Tools


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Presentation at 2014 Build Peace Conference at MIT. more at

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BP 2014: Supporting Deeper Deliberative Dialogue Through Awareness Tools

  1. 1. Working Group Session: 
 Supporting deep dialogue and deliberation 
 in socio-technological systems
 Tom Murray
  2. 2. Agenda: 1.5 hr. working session • 10 min Theme of the workshop • 20 min Discussion questions to seed the field • 7 min presentation: UMass research--Murray • 7 min presentation: NCDD resources--Murray • 7 min presentation: Justify system--Fry • Remainder – open discussion
  3. 3. Interdependent Quadrants
 (Wilber’s Integral Theory) singular plural interiors exteriors I (skills, etc.) 
 IT (material/ visible) 
 WE (cultural)
 ITS (systems/
  4. 4. Small group discussion: 
 Why do/don’t people get along? 
 Causes of peace and non-peace... 1.  - 2.  - 3.  - 4.  - 5.  ....
  5. 5. Technology Supporting Peace & Justice
 1 — Systemic change Supporting grass-roots movements •  organizing actions and information flow Citizen Reporting & Monitoring •  of crimes, conflicts, social injustices, of governments, social trends, industry Eliminating precursors to war & unrest, •  building precursors to peace: economic stability and growth, education, health care, nutrition… e-Civic engagement •  participatory budgeting; community forums
  6. 6. Technology Supporting Peace & Justice
 2 — Supporting Dialogue and Deliberation Discussion, Argumentation, Critical Thinking, Voting & Decision Making tools Supporting 
 Mutual Understanding and Mutual Regard. ThisSession ThisConference <- UMass
  7. 7. Dialog—Deliberation—Conflict Resolution
 What are the general skills?
 • Civic engagement/public dialogue • International & inter-group conflict • Labor/management, consumer disputes alternative dispute resolution • Interpersonal disputes / mediation • Deliberative decision making (school, work, home)
  8. 8. Software
 Content vs. Structure/Tools
 (& Beliefs vs. Skills)
  9. 9. A. What SKILLS are needed for dealing with differences and conflict? 1.  - 2.  - 3.  - 4.  - 5.  .... B. Example of a simple tool supporting a skill...
  10. 10. Rationality: Clear, reasonable arguments and explanations, decision making Leadership: organizing, inspiring, teaching, ‘politicking’ Group process skills: facilitation, mediation Communication skills • Nonviolent Communication • Appreciative Inquiry • Others? Skill domains >> technology supporting each?...
  11. 11. Supporting Deeper Deliberative Dialogue Through Awareness Tools Tom Murray University of Massachusetts MIT Build Peace Conference
 April, 2104 Working Group Session: 
 Supporting deep dialogue and deliberation in socio-technological systems
  12. 12. Global Citizen Skills • “A good deal of research ...evidence of people’s inability to understand and fairly consider other people’s perspectives, to think critically about their own position” (Rosenberg) • “In times of increased global interdependence, producing interculturally competent citizens who can engage in informed, ethical decision-making when confronted with problems that involve a diversity of perspectives is becoming an urgent educational priority…however these skills…are what corporations find in shortest supply among entry- level candidates." (King & Baxter) • Engaging reciprocally with the perspectives where "reasonable people can reasonably disagree" (King & Kitchener)
  13. 13. Social Deliberative Skills:
 Social/Emotional/Reflective • 1. Social perspective taking (cognitive empathy, reciprocal role taking...) • 2. Social perspective seeking (social inquiry, question asking skills...) • 3. Social perspective monitoring (self-reflection, meta-dialogue...) • 4. Social perspective weighing (reflective reasoning; comparing and contrasting views...) 16
  14. 14. [CURRENT] WEEK 1: Discuss the pros and cons of leg... UPDATE PROFILE LOG OUT HOME Logged in as tomm [CURRENT] WEEK 1: Discuss the pros and cons of legalizing marijuana.[CURRENT] WEEK 1: Discuss the pros and cons of legalizing marijuana. To focus the conversation, we invite you to assume you are on an advisory panel for the state legislature, having some preliminary conversations online, and you will eventually be drafting a group recommendation. Consider not only your own preferences but what is best for the state (or society). edit delete CONTRIBUTE YOUR THOUGHTS 14:53 EDT Sunday, November 13 by tomm tomm has joined the conversation 23:53 EDT Saturday, November 12 by ines-v ines-v added a resource: 'Getting a Fix' 23:52 EDT Saturday, November 12 by ines-v I have to disagree with your third point that marijuana is a gateway drug. Of all the people I know that smoke marijuana, they do not do any hard drugs. I do agree that gateway drugs exist, however I feel like that typically happens from one hard drug to another when one doesn't seem to be enough. But if you want to talk about gateway drugs we would also have to mention alcohol and cigarettes which many people consume and smoke. Alcohol and cigarettes are also drugs and often considered gateway drugs. They are both legal so that option is void in regards to marijuana. You also mentioned cancer and other lung related issues. Marijuana is a natural plant. Cigarettes are made up of extremely harmful chemicals that cause lung related issues and cancer much faster than marijuana ever could. Yet, they are still legal. If anything, cigarettes should be illegal when considering public health. Marijuana is a lot safer than cigarettes. I do appreciate you playing Devil's advocate though! I'd like to explain how I see it differently (ines-v) 18:26 EDT Friday, November 11 by arthur-x It seems like the vast majority is supportive of the legalization of marijuana, so I'm going to play devil's advocate in order to bring the opposition's side to the table. First off, research has demonstrated that marijuana use reduces learning ability by limiting the capacity to absorb and retain information. A 1995 study of college students discovered that the inability of heavy marijuana users to focus, sustain attention, and organize data persists for as long as 24 hours after their last use of the drug. Earlier research, comparing cognitive abilities of adult marijuana users with non-using adults, found that users fall short on memory as well as math and verbal skills. Although it has yet to be proven conclusively that heavy marijuana use can cause irreversible loss of intellectual capacity, animal studies have shown marijuana-induced structural damage to portions of the brain essential to memory and learning. Furthermore, when someone is under the influence of marijuana, they should not be allowed to operate heavy machinery like motor vehicles, right? Sure, if marijuana becomes legalized, Congress will definitely enact laws to prevent drivers from being under the influence of marijuana. But, ines-v arthur-x joseph-t laura-t rtwells matthew-s tomm DIALOGUE TABLE Everyone (no demographics set) 17
  15. 15. 18 Mediem Opinion Sliders
  16. 16. Experimental Trials 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 TotalSkill REFLECTIVETOOLS SLIDERS VANILLA Experimental_group All Pairs Tukey-Kramer 0.05 19
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  18. 18. Linguistic Features – LIWC