Holding and Promoting Beliefs: A Develpmental View.


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Murray, T. (2010). Holding and Promoting Beliefs: A Develpmental View. Presented at Integral Education and Sustainability Seminar, Aug. 2010, Mt. Madonna, CA

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Holding and Promoting Beliefs: A Develpmental View.

  1. 1. Holding and promoting beliefs:A developmental Perspective<br />OnDevelopment, Beliefs, Skills, and Post-metaphysics<br />Tom Murray — Integral Education Seminar, Aug. 2010<br />
  2. 2. Belief: what, how, why (ethics)?<br />Belief<br />Knowledge<br />Truth<br />Justification<br />(un)Certainty<br />Decision Making & Leadership<br />Communication & Collaboration<br />Wilber-IV: post-metaphysics, methodological pluralism, zones, perspectives…from “What is true?” to “How do we know?”<br />
  3. 3. Instinctive/Sensate<br />Magical<br />Warrior (& Subjugate)/ Mythic<br />Traditionalist/Believer<br />Rationalist/Modernist<br />Pluralistic/Sensitive<br />Integral<br />3<br />____ Second Tier: ____ <br />… …<br />(figure: see www.spiraldynamics.net)<br />
  4. 4. Activity: Reminding ourselves of Developmental “Meme” levels<br />Purple<br />Magical<br />Create a 30 second play:<br />“Deciding where to go out to dinner”<br />Red<br />Warrior/Mythic<br />Blue<br />Traditionalist/Believer<br />Rationalist/Modernist<br />Orange<br />Pluralistic/Sensitive<br />Green<br />4<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />EDUCATION (and Environmentalism) as conveying/supporting important knowledge<br />what is an integral or second tier approach to holding & promoting beliefs? <br />In teaching, advocating beliefs when and how do we include (as we “transcend”) magical, mythical, conventional, modern ways of thinking (and believing/knowing)?<br /> see, FormelessMountain.com<br />
  6. 6. Map of the talk – Useful distinctions<br />Development of belief-holding (epistemics):<br />Mythic/magical (metaphysical/mystical)<br />Rational & Conventional<br />Pluralist/Green<br />Integral; Second Tier; Post-metaphysical<br />Promoting knowledge: Belief vs. Skills <br />What are second tier skills?<br />The “post-metaphysical” perspective<br />Beliefs in: <br />Concepts (what exists) vs. <br />Statements (what is True or Good)<br />Indeterminacy and Positive vs. Negative Epistemic Capability<br />
  7. 7. Some New Age vs. Integral Beliefs<br />7<br />
  8. 8. What is real (exists)?<br />(concepts; metaphysics)<br />vs.<br />What is true (or good)? (propositions; validity claims)<br />
  9. 9. Magical thinking – imagination as reality<br />Nonliving things have an animate life force; intentions, can hurt & bless<br />Powerful beings (gods, spirits…) can punish or reward; we are vulnerable <br />I have the psychic power to effect the world; bless or curse; pray, manifest (omnipotency) <br />I hear inner messages; I use special objects and rituals to access divinations<br />Impulses and emotions and power dynamics determine my actions (not abstract ideas or plans)<br />All is one; boundary-less; we are all connected<br />Wishful thinking (the unwanted is unreal)<br />– Very in touch with imagination; subtle phenomena –<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Magical/mythical Criteria for what is true (and good)<br />Authority figures and charismatics<br />Magical or sacred books and objects<br />Social norms, habit, they way it has been<br />Peer identification; what everyone does/says<br />My own experience<br />10<br />
  11. 11. To Blue, Orange…<br /><ul><li>Blue meme: ideals, rules, principles, predictable patterns
  12. 12. Orange meme: systematic, possibilities/probabilities, logic; rigor, efficiency & perfection drives
  13. 13. Differentiating/discriminating:
  14. 14. Feelings vs. thoughts
  15. 15. Interiors vs. exteriors (self reflection)
  16. 16. True / Good / Beautiful
  17. 17. Self vs. group/culture
  18. 18. Belief vs. truth
  19. 19. Past/Future
  20. 20. Statement validity:
  21. 21. observation, repeatability, logic
  22. 22. Scientific method</li></ul>11<br />
  23. 23. Ideas as reality<br />Magical thinking – imagination as reality<br />Mythical thinking – stories as reality<br />Conventional thinking – norms as reality<br />Modern thinking – concepts/models as reality<br />(Postmodern? – mirror as reality?)<br />
  24. 24. Integral/Second Tier thinking?<br />
  25. 25. Activity #2:reflections on things said to Exist<br />Pick something you have tried unsuccessfully to explain to a colleague or friend<br />Integral <br />Holon<br />(Collective) consciousness<br />LL, UR…quadrants<br />Green, orange… meme<br />The True, Good, the Beautiful..<br />Gross, Subtle, Causalstates<br />Subtle energies and chakras <br />Spirit; Authentic Self<br />Ground of Being; The non-dual<br />Involution; Eros & Agape<br />Universe is evolving through us<br />14<br /><ul><li>Does it exist?
  26. 26. In what way?
  27. 27. How sure are you?
  28. 28. How would I explain/argue for (against) it?
  29. 29. Why is it important for others to believe?</li></li></ul><li>Ego-centric > Ethnocentric > World-centricPre-conventional > Conventional > Post-conventionalBlack & White (either/or, us/them) > more complexity<br />What is an integral (second tier) way of holding (& justifying) our beliefs?<br />
  30. 30. Portability of integral ideas<br />16<br />THEM<br />Beliefs, values??<br />US (integralists)<br />beliefs, knowledge, values…<br />Skills??<br />
  31. 31. A heuristic spectrumof developmental narratives<br />17<br />WHAT one believes<br />HOW one believes/thinks<br />What on does/can DO<br />Skills &Capacities<br />Beliefs &World Views<br />(Virtues, Habits)<br />(Values, Identity,)<br />
  32. 32. “Skill” = <br />Higher order skills, capacities, capabilities, "skillful means" <br />Cognitive, social/ethical/emotional skills<br />The beliefs in focus are meaning-generative:cultural, metaphysical, spiritual, philosophical… (not concrete facts)<br />Tom Murray | www.perspegrity.com | August 2010<br />18<br />
  33. 33. E.G. belief & world-view basedNarratives of human development<br />Cohen & Hamilton’s Evolutionary Enlightenment<br />Kosmos Journal<br />McIntosh’s Integral Consciousness<br />Beck & Cohen’s Spiral Dynamics<br />Wilber? AQAL?...<br />19<br />
  34. 34. Memes as Beliefs vs. Skills<br />Is “Mean Green Meme”about belief or skill?<br />20<br />
  35. 35. Some Problems with Development as a Worldview or Belief System <br />Beliefs: perspectival, culturally bound, fallible <br />Attached to identity and support in/out group<br />Beliefs can “clash” in struggles of power and identity; skills are “cognitive tools” <br />Beliefs-systems can be ideologies/dogmas (manipulation/misconception/misuse)<br />Charismatic propaganda, peer pressure (inculcation/adoption vs. teaching/learning)<br />Tom Murray | www.perspegrity.com | August 2010<br />21<br />
  36. 36. The value of belief systems<br />Motivation, intention, vision!<br />…when and why to USE skills/capacities<br />Power of story, myth, narrative <br />Shared world-view <br />Synergetic action, solidarity, meaning-generation<br />Stable base for new levels of cultural evolution<br />Need shared beliefs (community) to create skills(?) <br />22<br />
  37. 37. Wisdom Skillsfor Second Tier enaction<br />Egoawareness (self/ego/will and being/spirit/essence; "I" dimension)<br />Relationalawareness (emotional/social/ethical/interpersonal intelligence; "We" dimension)<br />Constructawareness(cognitive; "It" dimension)<br />Systemsawareness ("Its" dimension; context, cognitive capacity RE dynamic systems and networks of relationships)<br />23<br />
  38. 38. Integral & post-metaphysical injunctions>> Toward Construct Awareness <<<br />Don’t confuse map with territory<br />Avoid the Myth of the Given<br />Beliefs are perspectives:<br />“Things are getting better”<br />“Things are getting worse”<br />“Things are always perfect”<br />24<br />}<br />Belief …. Skill<br />
  39. 39. What is Post-metaphysics?<br /><ul><li>Is not anti-metaphysics (there are non-physical ‘things’)
  40. 40. No view from nowhere (privileged perspective), beyond myth of the given; map is not territory;
  41. 41. Perspectival: all truths/experiences come from a perspective and are partial/fallible
  42. 42. There are no fixed eternal forms, structures, or archetypes, because everything is evolving
  43. 43. Phenomena are enacted/co-constructed (makes no sense to say things exists(ed) unless (until) perceived)</li></ul>(There is no ideal, transcendental, essential, or primordial in the metaphysical sense)<br />25<br />
  44. 44. Integral Post-metaphysics<br />Kosmic address: altitude + perspective (of S,O)<br />Who x How x What<br />Who: adequatio (developmental level(s) of perceiver)<br />How: method / tool; relationship of S,O; zone<br />What: quadrant (I,we,it,its)<br />26<br />the dog, Santa Claus, √-1, Emptiness, ecosystem,…<br /> - where/how do the referents to these signifiers exists?<br /> - “ecosystems exist only in a worldspace of turquoise or higher”<br />
  45. 45. Post-metaphysical Validation(Wilber’s “three strands” of knowledge, plus)<br /><ul><li>1. Injunction — If you want to know this, do this. (IT/how)
  46. 46. 2. Experience —Beyond concepts/words. (I/who)
  47. 47. 2.5 Conceptualize, Infer, & Communicate — A “truth” from the experience & everything else you know
  48. 48. 3. Dialog (with a community of the adequate) — What do others who followed the injunction think? (WE)</li></ul>27<br />— and “Indeterminacy Analysis” —<br /><ul><li>What are my/our biases, assumptions, capacities?
  49. 49. Describe alternatives; limitations; fallibilities…
  50. 50. What is the knowledge for and what level of certainty is needed/called for?
  51. 51. Other perspectives to invite? New Qs? — Iterate!</li></li></ul><li>Positive (epistemic) capability vs.Negative (epistemic) capability<br />Positivist attitude: <br />clarity, certainty, action<br />knowledge/meaning-generative<br />problem solving, theorizing…<br />Negative capability: <br />awe, humility, curiosity<br />fallibilism & indeterminacy: limits of language, knowledge & method<br />tolerance for ambiguity, uncertainty, unknowing<br />Tom Murray | www.perspegrity.com | August 2010<br />28<br />
  52. 52. “Epistemic Drives”(in beliefs, ideas, knowledge)<br />Concreteness/reification (of abstractions)<br />Seeing connections, patterns<br />(over-) Generalize & abstract<br />Attribute sharp boundaries to concepts (ignore the grey areas)<br />Foundationalism, essentialism, universality<br />Unity/oneness, totality/wholeness, integration<br />…proto-fascism, grandiosity, hegemony, elitism…?<br />29<br />
  53. 53. Belief and Emotion, Ethics (1) (embodiment, enaction)<br />Certainty / importance / emotional intensity <br />Fear, risk, urgency, ecstasy… (states)<br />Risk of “misplaced concreteness”<br />Magnification of epistemic (and other) drives<br />Regression to <br />Black & white (us/them; either/or) <br />Reliance on authority, peers & norms <br />30<br />
  54. 54. Pause and reflect…<br />Belief and Emotion (and Will)…<br />Positive and Negative capability…<br />
  55. 55. Belief and Emotion, Ethics (2) (embodiment, enaction)<br />Habermas (on the validity of statements):<br />Knowledge and truth are strongly related to ethics – fairness, equality, power, and authenticity (and emotion)<br />
  56. 56. Statements:A 4th Validity Type?<br />True (science)<br />Good/Just (morality)<br />Beautiful (aesthetics)<br />&<br />Meaning-generative<br />(e.g. reincarnation)<br />33<br />
  57. 57. Underview– Useful distinctions<br />Development of belief-holding (integrating all levels):<br />Mythic/magical (metaphysical/mystical)<br />Rational & Conventional<br />Pluralist/Green<br />Post-metaphysical; Integral; Second Tier<br />Promoting knowledge: Belief vs. Skills <br />What are second tier skills?<br />The “post-metaphysical” perspective<br />Beliefs in: <br />Concepts (what exists) – fuzziness; perspectival<br />Statements (what is True or Good) – validity claims; Meaningfulness<br />Models & Theories – indeterminacy analysis ‘wrappers’<br />Indeterminacy and Positive vs. Negative Epistemic Capability<br />Implications of embodied thought for ethical decisions<br />
  58. 58. Thanks!…<br />tommurray.us@gmail.com | www.tommurray.us<br />
  59. 59. A few extra slides…<br />
  60. 60. Focusing in on construct awareness<br />David Bohm: "underneath [humanity's dilemmas] there's something we don't understand about how thought works" and that what is needed is a "very deep [and] very subtle" awareness of thought itself.<br />Albert Einstein: "the significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them.” <br />Deeper understanding mind, thought, language, knowledge, belief…=> the (epistemic or) “post-metaphysical turn”<br />37<br />
  61. 61. Misplaced Concretenessthrough developmental levels<br />Magical thinking – imagination as reality<br />Mythical thinking – stories as reality<br />Conventional thinking – norms as reality<br />Modern thinking – concepts/models/abstractions as reality<br />(Postmodern? – mirror/paradox as reality?)<br />(Integral?...)<br />Concepts:<br /><ul><li> Freedom
  62. 62. The economy
  63. 63. Green meme
  64. 64. Eros
  65. 65. UR quadrant
  66. 66. - …</li></li></ul><li>Interdependent modes of statement justification/critique<br />First hand experience<br />Deep intuition (or gut feeling)<br />Reasonable assumptions/bases/premises<br />Logical inference (supporting truth) <br />It is ethically right<br />It is pragmatically useful (it works)<br />Consistent with other knowledge<br />Support of experts/authorities<br />Trusted sources (journal, NPR, etc.)<br />Most people (peers in my group) believe it<br />I used a trusted method<br />Aesthetic or elegant<br />Tom Murray | www.perspegrity.com | May 2010<br />39<br />