• Extremist groups/organizationsINNOVATIVE” EXPLOSIVE DEVICES (IEDs) continue to utilize IEDs to attack Can be disguised as anything or hidden anywhere: Security Forces in an attempt to discredit security efforts. Trash in the roadway, cigarette cartons, trash bags, • soda cans, milk cans, buckets, burlap bags, cinder blocks, potholes, tied to telephone poles, in guard rails and in animal carcasses • Groups will continue to utilize IEDs and entice Security Forces intoVERY HARD to spot IEDs at high speeds prepared ambushes. Slow down, stop, look and listen Situational Awareness is critical to the • 90 Day review of IED attacks: performance of each security team -708 IED attacks member -599 IEDs found -298 IED attacks which caused Situational Awareness is the most injury (718 casualties) important skill you can possess on patrol
When can you expect an IED Who are IED’s designed to take out? attack? Up to now, security force/personnel soft targets, HMMWVs, NTVs. 24 Hours a day: Because of the reduced Any time a group of Security personnel exposure time compared to a traditional are considered a soft target or unaware ambush, anytime is a good time for IED is a perfect situation for employing an Strike IED. Morning time IEDs are placed under cover of darkness or periods of reduced visibility. Where are we currently finding IED’s? Methods used to detonate IEDs: Command detonated devices Primarily along the MSRs and main Hard wired (electrical wires between routes of travel. devices and/or leading away from the bomb. Why use an IED? Remote controlled (battery powered An IED is low cost. More Bang for the Buck doorbell devices (Sega brand), pagers, cell Easily disguised, and exposes the terrorist to phones a low risk of exposure when attacking. as senders and receiving units) Anonymity after the event to a bomb-maker is Tall buildings or line of sight Observation worth the risks of building the bomb. Points will be near by. Many controllers Psychological warfare at its most vicious level. require a direct line of sight to activate the receiver and detonate.
The problem with IEDs is they can look like • “INNOVATIVE” EXPLOSIVE any common object. EOD has found: DEVICES (IEDs) Black plastic garbage bags (with 130mm artillery rounds wired in series) Can be disguised as anything or A Bus (with a grenade attached to the fuel tank; hidden anywhere: failed) Milk cartons, pepsi cans, cigarette cartons (with trash in the roadway plastique or C4) cigarette cartons Burlap bags ( again using artillery rounds) trash bags A pothole in the road filled in with dirt and an explosive charge soda cans Refrigerator compressor (filled with high milk cans explosives and re-welded) buckets MRE bag (bomb platform; common item; easily burlap bags disguised) cinder blocks Cars, trucks, vans (older models, worn so as not potholes to draw attention) tied to telephone poles Beware of a beater with worn shocks and springs; overloaded, trash on seats; good tires on • VERY HARD to spot IEDs at high a junk car. This is a one-way trip, driver wants speeds no flats. Pipe bombs (Some of the most renowned IED Where there is A LOT of debris on the Specialists in EOD have fallen victim to low side of the roadway or in the parking yield pipe bombs). lot…99.9% of it is just trash but give a closer look and don’t just pass it over Dog carcasses filled with explosives
Get in the right frame of mind Keep Alert: Make yourself a “Hard Target” Intell Reports that a “Blue X” on Rocks Indicates an IED Site Be Prepared for IED Do NOT Approach the IED Attack Followed by IEDs are a Very Real Threat Ambush IEDs are Disguised as Almost Anything Be and look vigilant, especially Be and Appear Vigilant when “forced” to Slow Down for Personnel Who Look a “Disabled Vehicle” or an Aware/Ready Make Bad accident Targets Security Personnel Need the Eyes Bad Guys Wait for the and Ears of ALL personnel! Next helpless individual or group
The rapid evolution ofinsurgent tactics, requireSecurity Forces to developand maintain a heightenedstate of situational awareness(SA) while on patrol. GoodSA is key to seeing,understanding, and thenacting on pre-attack indicatorsto deny the enemy theadvantage of surprise. Forexample, while on exteriorpatrols also be aware of yoursurroundings.