Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
BIO ELECTRONICS   and Implanted Devices…                     Trisha Stephanie C. Cardona
What is Bioelectronics? • BIOlogy + ELECTRONics • the application of electronic devices to living organisms   for clinical...
Do CYBORGs exist? • The earlier and more strict definition of Cyborg was   almost always considered as increasing or   enh...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…                                        eyes
• restore vision to patients with certain forms of retinal                                                       blindness...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…            ears
• A cellphone implanted in the ear                                                         • six-axis piezoelectric       ...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…                                        heart
AbioCor Artificial Heart                                                            • Sept. 6, 2006 — A Massachusetts comp...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…           lungs
BioLung                                                                    • artificial lung that can replace the gas     ...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…                                        liver
Hepalife’s Bioreactor                                                                          • External device          ...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…           kidney
Hepalife’s Bioreactor                                                                  • Kidneys remove metabolic wastes f...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…       hands
i-limb ultra                                                                       • vari-grip mode, allowing variable dig...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…                                        penis
Remote controllable penile prosthetic                                                           system                    ...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…             foot
Proprio Foot                                          • Capable of independent thought                                    ...
Bioelectronics and implanted devices…
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Bioelectronics

4,698 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Bioelectronics

  1. 1. BIO ELECTRONICS and Implanted Devices… Trisha Stephanie C. Cardona
  2. 2. What is Bioelectronics? • BIOlogy + ELECTRONics • the application of electronic devices to living organisms for clinical testing, diagnosis and therapy • the interactions of increased computing power, advances in prosthetic devices, artificial implants, and systems that blend electronic and biological componentsSources: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/bioelectronicshttp://www.svegritet.se/ethics-bioethics/bioelectronics-and-implanted-devices/
  3. 3. Do CYBORGs exist? • The earlier and more strict definition of Cyborg was almost always considered as increasing or enhancing normal capabilities, whereas now the term can also be applied to those organisms which use technology to repair or overcome their physical and mental constraints • Examples are artificial limbs and hands Kevin Warwick 1998Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyborghttp://www.motherboard.tv/2010/8/10/the-cyborg-kevin-warwick-is-the-world-s-first-human-robot-hybrid
  4. 4. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… eyes
  5. 5. • restore vision to patients with certain forms of retinal blindness • this happens when rods and cone degenerate • but nerve cells that connect the eye to the brain remains healthy • zooming in on distant objects • get useful facts to pop up in your field of view • surfing the Web • visual aids for vision-impaired people • immersive video gamesSources: http://sweetnotsoft.com/goodies/?p=48#more-48http://www.bostonretinalimplant.org/
  6. 6. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… ears
  7. 7. • A cellphone implanted in the ear • six-axis piezoelectric accelerometer attached to the angle of the mandible, or the jawbone • using crystals that create electrical pulses when they change shape • on/off switch • hermetically sealed to prevent water entry and corrosion • Uses heat of the skin to power up the deviceSources: http://sweetnotsoft.com/goodies/?p=48#more-48
  8. 8. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… heart
  9. 9. AbioCor Artificial Heart • Sept. 6, 2006 — A Massachusetts company received federal approval Tuesday to sell up to 4,000 artificial hearts a year • would be used only in patients who are close to death and have no other treatment options • tested in only 14 men • Two died from the operation, and another never regained consciousness • The rest survived only an average of five months, with one exception: • a man who lived 17 months, until the mechanical heart wore out.Sources: http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2006/09/06/artificialheart_hea_zoom0.html?category=health&guid=20060906160030
  10. 10. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… lungs
  11. 11. BioLung • artificial lung that can replace the gas exchange function of a person’s native lungs during recovery from injury or illness, or until donor lungs are available for transplantation. • currently undergoing testing for FDA submission.Sources: http://www.mc3corp.com/case_studies/artificial_lung_bio/
  12. 12. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… liver
  13. 13. Hepalife’s Bioreactor • External device • reduced levels of toxic ammonia by 75% in fewer than 24 hours • consists of three basic components: • (1) a plasma filter, separating the patients blood into blood plasma and blood cells; • (2) the bioreactor, which biologically mimics the liver’s function; and • (3), the HepaDrive™, a perfusion system for pumping the patient’s plasma through the bioreactor while controlling gas supply and temperature for best possible performance of the cells.Sources: http://medgadget.com/2008/02/hepalife_artificial_liver_shows_promise.html
  14. 14. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… kidney
  15. 15. Hepalife’s Bioreactor • Kidneys remove metabolic wastes from the body and regulate fluid volume and distribution on a continuous, around-the- clock basis • Dialysis-on-the-go • With traditional hemodialysis, patients are hooked up to a machine for four hours, three times a week • provide cleansing and fluid balance on a continuous basisSources: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080710153015.htm
  16. 16. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… hands
  17. 17. i-limb ultra • vari-grip mode, allowing variable digit-by- digit grip strength • Gesture selection allows users to create custom gestures • Auto grasp feature to prevent objects slipping • Hand automatically moves to a natural position after period of inactivity • Low battery warning audio signalSources: http://www.touchbionics.com/products/active-prostheses/i-limb-ultra/
  18. 18. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… penis
  19. 19. Remote controllable penile prosthetic system • first fluid chamber means located adjacent a distal end of said prosthesis, and being inflatable with pressurizing fluid • second fluid chamber means for selectively storing fluid and located adjacent a proximal end of said prosthesis opposite said first fluid chamber means Electronic Condoms • 1995 paten image • Inflatable vibrating strip to make contact with the clitoris • Inflatable vibrationg ring to make contact with vaginal walls • Uses air or fluid • Actuated elictrically • Actuated by temperature sensitive materialSources: http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/5437605.htmlhttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/5377692.pdf
  20. 20. Bioelectronics and implanted devices… foot
  21. 21. Proprio Foot • Capable of independent thought • Transforms the approach to stairs and slopes, as well as level-ground walking. • Reacts immediately, automatically and naturally.Sources: http://ossur.com/?PageID=12704
  22. 22. Bioelectronics and implanted devices…

×