Visual Dictionary-Permeance


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Visual Dictionary-Permeance

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary Materials, Methods and Equipment I
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper
  3. 3. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Definition- a solid membrane material that generally that blocks air flow in one/both directions. It is applied to the exterior, but behind the cladding material. It usually comes in rolls up to 150’ long and up to 14’ tall. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent, Ridge Vent, Gable Vent, Roof Turbine
  5. 5. Soffit Vent <ul><li>Attic Ventilation- allows the exchange of air to be cycled through the attic area, as to get rid of stale air and introduce fresh air. It is also used to remove heated air through the ridge/gable vents and allow fresh air in through the soffit vents. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ridge Vent <ul><li>What it is doing- It allows attic heat to escape thru the top of the roof. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gable Vent <ul><li>It allows air to freely enter and escape to keep stale air out of the attic space where the air-exchange unit is usually placed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Roof Turbine <ul><li>A device that is mounted thru the roof that is powered by the wind outside or sometimes small electric motors, it helps escape hot moist air that is caused in the heating months </li></ul>
  9. 9. Backhoe also called a rear actor, is a piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. It can move from side to side, up and down, in and out.
  10. 10. Backhoe <ul><li>Width of bucket- 18” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Batterboards <ul><li>Definition- boards that are fastened horizontally to stakes driven into the ground on the outside of the corners of a prospected location of a building. A string will be pulled from one to another to mark the outline of the building. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brick Arches <ul><li>Jack Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic Arch </li></ul>
  13. 13. Brick Arches cont. <ul><li>Arch with a Keystone </li></ul><ul><li>Centering- temporary formwork for a dome, arch, or vault </li></ul>
  14. 14. Brick Bonds
  15. 15. Brick Bonds cont. <ul><li>Fleming- an alternating pattern of running bonds and headers on every course </li></ul><ul><li>English- has six courses of headers, and then a course of headers </li></ul>
  16. 16. Brick Bonds cont <ul><li>Rowlocks </li></ul><ul><li>Headers </li></ul>
  17. 17. Brick Bonds cont <ul><li>Soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Sailors </li></ul>
  18. 18. Brick Bonds cont. <ul><li>Stretcher rowlocks (aka shiners)-these shiners are standing are standing straight up, but are still shiners because are finishing the row </li></ul>
  19. 19. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Modular Brick </li></ul><ul><li>3 ½ “ x 7 5/8 “x 2 ¼ “ </li></ul><ul><li>Utility Brick </li></ul><ul><li>3 ½” x 11 ½” x 3 3/8” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Bulldozer <ul><li>A tractor that usually has “tracks” as source of movement that has a large blade on the front used to move/lift large quantities of earth, gravel, sand, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>It is usually used for heavy construction, and pre-construction purposes </li></ul>
  21. 21. Cladding <ul><li>Brick Cladding </li></ul><ul><li>EFIS Cladding </li></ul>
  22. 22. Cladding cont <ul><li>Stone Cladding </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Ashlar </li></ul>
  23. 23. Cladding Cont <ul><li>Wood board cladding </li></ul>
  24. 24. Cladding <ul><li>Definition of Wood Shingle- is sawn from wood blocks and have a generally smooth surface </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of Wood Shake-are split from blocks of wood, are less uniform and have a taper. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a wood shake </li></ul>
  25. 25. Code Requirements
  26. 26. Code Requirements cont. <ul><li>Egress window from bedroom </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements of open area </li></ul><ul><li>28” wide by 24” tall open area. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Code Requirements cont. <ul><li>IBC requirements- the minimum horizontal area shall be no smaller than 5.7ft sq. Min opened height shall be atleast 24”, and min opened width of 20”. And no more than 44” AFF. </li></ul><ul><li>The window meets requirements for the following reason- The min measurements are exceeded. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Code Requirements cont. <ul><li>Stair studied </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements of tread and riser </li></ul><ul><li>Tread-11” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser-7” </li></ul>
  29. 29. Code Requirements <ul><li>IBC code requirement for tread and riser </li></ul><ul><li>That the tread be no less than 10”, and that the riser be no more than 7 ¾”. </li></ul><ul><li>Reason for stair meeting IBC code </li></ul><ul><li>The dimensions of the steps are at the least above the desired 10” tread, and below the 7 ¾” max for the riser. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Concrete Joints Control Joint- a controlled joint that helps minimize undesired cracks in unwanted areas of the concrete.
  31. 31. Concrete Joints cont. <ul><li>Control Joint and crack near </li></ul>
  32. 32. Isolation Joint <ul><li>Definition- AKA expansion joints, are generally in between walls and columns and they help relieve flexural stress from movement of the slab or column. </li></ul><ul><li>A wall is being isolated from the finished concrete floor. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>1 CMU=3 brick courses </li></ul><ul><li>Definition w/ typical dimensions- an individual piece of hardened concrete that is laid up in the same fashion as brick or stone. 6x8x16 </li></ul><ul><li>Two different size CMU laid together </li></ul>
  34. 34. Decorative CMU <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbed Block </li></ul>
  35. 35. Doors <ul><li>Exterior Flush door </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior panel door with descriptions-top rail </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom rail, stile, panel, lock rail </li></ul>
  36. 36. Doors cont. <ul><li>Transom </li></ul><ul><li>Definition- a small window directly above a door that can be functioning as a hopper or awning </li></ul><ul><li>Sidelight </li></ul><ul><li>Definition- tall, usually narrow windows that run the height of the door, do not move. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Electrical Components <ul><li>Power pole w/ transformer </li></ul><ul><li>Function- this unit takes the electricity coming from the power company and turns it into a useful power source that we can use to power our homes </li></ul><ul><li>Service head- channels the power coming from the transformer to the service/ house via a weatherproof entry </li></ul>
  38. 38. Electrical Components cont. <ul><li>Meter </li></ul><ul><li>Function- reads the amount of electricity that Is being used in the residence </li></ul><ul><li>Service Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Function-distributes the electrical currentthroughout the residence </li></ul>
  39. 39. Electrical Components cont. <ul><li>Function- to supply the proper amount of current to desired areas of the residence </li></ul><ul><li>Duplex receptacle </li></ul>
  40. 40. Framing Elements <ul><li>#1. Anchor Bolt </li></ul><ul><li>#2. Sill Plate </li></ul>
  41. 41. Framing Elements cont. <ul><li>#3. Floor Joist </li></ul><ul><li>#4. Subflooring </li></ul>
  42. 42. Framing Elements cont. <ul><li>#5. Sole Plate </li></ul><ul><li>#6. Stud </li></ul>
  43. 43. Framing Elements cont. <ul><li>#7. Top Plate </li></ul><ul><li>#8. Ceiling Joist </li></ul>
  44. 44. Framing Elements cont. <ul><li>#9. Rafter </li></ul><ul><li>#10. Roof Decking </li></ul>
  45. 45. Framing Elements cont. <ul><li>#11. Sheathing </li></ul><ul><li>#12. Stringer </li></ul>
  46. 46. Front End Loader <ul><li>Definition- the front end loader is used to transport loose materials to a desired location without pushing it across the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>-It differs from a bulldozer because a dozer is mainly used to push very large quantities of material from one area to another . </li></ul>
  47. 47. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Definition- a material that is used mostly on the interior that has a gypsum core and is faced on both sides with paper. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Heat Pump <ul><li>Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Has the capacity to both heat and cool </li></ul><ul><li>Quick response time </li></ul><ul><li>Can filter air and control humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage </li></ul><ul><li>Ducts/systems are bulky </li></ul><ul><li>Usually noisy </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to work around and zone </li></ul>
  49. 49. Heat Pump cont. <ul><li>Compressor/Condenser </li></ul><ul><li>Function- to move outdoor air across refrigerant coils to change the temperature of the refrigerant </li></ul><ul><li>Air Handling Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Function- this unit takes the refrigerant and whether heating or cooling blows air across the coils to get the desired effect to then push the air through the residence </li></ul>
  50. 50. Insulation Purpose- to be able to provide thermal comfort to the occupants within the thermal envelope
  51. 51. Insulation cont. <ul><li>Batt/Blanket </li></ul><ul><li>Loose Fill </li></ul>
  52. 52. Insulation cont. <ul><li>Foamed </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid Board </li></ul>
  53. 53. Lintel- Steel <ul><li>Definition- a structural piece of steel, concrete, etc. that helps carry loads above doors, windows, and general openings </li></ul>
  54. 54. Mortar <ul><li>Mortar Joint 1- Tooled </li></ul><ul><li>3/8”, residential home, type-n </li></ul><ul><li>Mortar Joint 2- Tooled </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 “, storage building, type-n </li></ul>
  55. 55. Oriented Strand Board (OSB) Definition- a non-veneered panel product that is composed of long shreds of wood oriented in a certain pattern, glued and compressed
  56. 56. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
  57. 57. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a 1 ½’’ PVC pipe as drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Water Closet </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a 3” PVC pipe as drainage </li></ul>
  58. 58. Plumbing cont. <ul><li>Shower/Tub (steel) in framing prior to gypsum board- in a post-fire situation </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing Roof Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Function- it maintains an atmospheric pressure for the plumbing and waste lines by connecting them to the outdoor air </li></ul>
  59. 59. Plumbing cont. <ul><li>Bathroom Sink </li></ul><ul><li>Integral Sink </li></ul>
  60. 60. Plywood- T1-11 siding shown <ul><li>Definition of Plywood- wood panel composed of an odd number of layers, laying perpendicular to each other for maximum strength ,of thin veneers of wood bonded together under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer-Thin layer, sheet or facing </li></ul>
  61. 61. Radiant Barrier-Foil Type <ul><li>Definition/Function- to provide a radiant barrier in an air space from infrared energy </li></ul>
  62. 62. Rebar <ul><li>Size 7/8” and is # 7. </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of deformations is to provide the concrete to have more holding power on the steel bar </li></ul>
  63. 63. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter- a channel that sometimes has a “leaf-guard” that catches rainwater and snowmelt from the eave of a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout- channels the water caught in the gutter away from the house to a desired location </li></ul>
  64. 64. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Splashblock </li></ul><ul><li>Is-A bed of grave, pre-formed concrete piece, plastic, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Does- It provides the protection of the natural earth from erosion of the swift moving channeled water of the gutter/downspout assembly </li></ul>
  65. 65. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment- provides a second layer of protection to keep the roof sheathing dry, usually a asphalt-impregnated paper </li></ul><ul><li>Clay Tile Roof </li></ul>
  66. 66. Steep Roof Materials cont. <ul><li>Shingle- usually small unit of water resistant material nailed in an overlapping fashion to keep water flowing in downward direction </li></ul><ul><li>Slate shingle roof </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Panel Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Typical materials are Aluminum and aluminized steel </li></ul>
  67. 67. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Gambrel Roof </li></ul>
  68. 68. Steep Roof Shapes cont. <ul><li>Hip Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Mansard Roof </li></ul>
  69. 69. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge- a level intersection of two roof lines in a gable roof </li></ul><ul><li>Valley- the low point, “trough”, of two intersecting roof slopes </li></ul>
  70. 70. Steep Roof Terms cont. <ul><li>Eave- the horizontal edge at the low side of a roof with a slope </li></ul><ul><li>Rake- the sloping edge of a steep roof </li></ul>
  71. 71. Steep Roof Terms cont. <ul><li>Soffit- part of the exterior trim that is the underside of an overhang system </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia- part of the exterior trim that is on the facing of the overhang </li></ul>
  72. 72. Steep Roof Terms cont. <ul><li>Building without fascia- a building that does not have the part of the exterior trim that is on the facing of the overhang </li></ul>
  73. 73. Stone <ul><li>Random Rubble Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Rubble Pattern </li></ul>
  74. 74. Stone Cont. <ul><li>Random Ashlar Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Ashlar Pattern </li></ul>
  75. 75. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Vapor Retardor </li></ul><ul><li>What it is doing- layer of material that is used to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly </li></ul><ul><li>It is generally put on the warmer side of the insulation </li></ul>
  76. 76. Waterproofing <ul><li>Waterproofing </li></ul><ul><li>What it is doing- it helps stop the intrusion of water from entering the building structure </li></ul><ul><li>This is a liquid applied water proofer </li></ul>
  77. 77. Weep Hole <ul><li>Definition- a small opening usually located in the head joint of masonry work </li></ul><ul><li>What it is doing- used to allow the escapement of water seeps through the brick, block, etc. </li></ul>
  78. 78. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>WWF </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements are: 4” by 4” grid </li></ul>
  79. 79. Windows <ul><li>Double Hung- It has a double sash design that move up and down independently of each other </li></ul><ul><li>Why- it has two sashes that move independently from each other up and down </li></ul><ul><li>Hopper window </li></ul><ul><li>Why- it hinges in the residence from the bottom </li></ul>
  80. 80. Windows cont. <ul><li>Awning- it hinges from the top, and swings outward </li></ul><ul><li>Why- because the sash hinges from the top and swings outward </li></ul>