Rod Visual Dictionary


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Rod Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br /><ul><li>Air Barrier Paper - Controls air leakage into and out of the building.
  3. 3. Air barrier paper functions as a weather resistant barrier, preventing rain from getting into the wall assembly while allowing water vapor to pass to the exterior.</li></li></ul><li>Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine<br />Soffit Vent<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation contd….<br />Ridge Vent<br />Gable Vent<br />
  5. 5. Backhoe<br /><ul><li>Backhoe - An excavator , or digger, whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. </li></li></ul><li>Batter Boards<br />
  6. 6. Brick Arches<br />Roman<br />Jack Arch with Keystone<br />Gothic<br />
  7. 7. Brick Bonds<br />Rowlocks<br />English<br />Flemish<br />Soldiers<br />Headers<br />Sailors<br />
  8. 8. Brick Sizes<br />Top: Standard<br />Bottom: Queen Size<br />
  9. 9. Bulldozer<br />Bulldozer- a crawler (caterpillar track tractor, equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work.<br />
  10. 10. Cladding<br />Brick<br />Random Rubble<br />Wood Board<br />EIFS<br />
  11. 11. Cladding contd….<br />Wood Shingle – Sawn shingles used as siding, all with uniform thickness.<br />
  12. 12. Code Requirements<br />
  13. 13. Code Requirements<br />
  14. 14. Concrete Joints<br />Control Joint – Joints installed in concrete slabs and structures to direct and control cracks .<br />
  15. 15. Concrete Joints contd…<br /><ul><li>Isolation Joints – Joints embedded at the bottom of columns and walls to separate columns and walls from slabs.
  16. 16. Isolation is a column from a slab</li></li></ul><li>Concrete Masonry Unit<br />Concrete Masonry Unit- A concrete masonry unit is a rectangular concrete block used in construction which is made out of Portland cement and aggregate. In the US, the most common size is 8 in × 8 in × 16 in. In residential construction it primarily serves in foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces.<br />1st block: 3x8x16<br />2nd block: 10x8x16<br />Three courses of laid brick is roughly one CMU block.<br />
  17. 17. Decorative CMU<br />Split CMU<br />Ribbed CMU<br />
  18. 18. Doors<br /><ul><li>Panel
  19. 19. Stile
  20. 20. Top Rail
  21. 21. Bottom Rail
  22. 22. Lock Rail</li></ul>Exterior Flush Door<br />Exterior 6 Panel Door<br />Sidelight: a window, usually with a vertical emphasis, that flanks a door. <br />Transom: A transverse beam or bar in a frame, or to the crosspiece separating a door or the like from a window or fanlight above<br />
  23. 23. Electrical Components<br />Electrical Meter<br />Transformer<br />measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence<br />transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors<br />Duplex Receptacle<br />Service Head<br />electrical connectors that have slots or holes which accept and deliver current to the prongs of inserted plugs<br />weatherproof entry point for above-ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business<br />
  24. 24. Framing Elements<br />Anchor Bolt<br />Sill Plate<br />Floor Joist<br />Subflooring<br />Sole Plate<br />Stud<br />Top Plate<br />Ceiling Joist<br />Rafter<br />#8<br />#9<br />#5,6,7<br />#3<br />#4<br />
  25. 25. Framing Elements contd…<br />Roof Decking<br />Sheathing<br />Stringer<br />#11<br />#12<br />
  26. 26. Front End Loader<br />Front End Loader- A machine that is primarily used to load material into or onto another type of machinery. Differs from a backhoe because it doesn’t excavate dirt and differs from a bulldozer because it doesn’t clear and grade land <br />
  27. 27. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum Board- Drywall, gypsum board, construction is used globally for the finish construction of interior walls and ceilings. <br />
  28. 28. Heat Pump<br />What its doing: a machine or device that moves heat from one location (the &apos;source&apos;) to another location (the &apos;sink&apos; or &apos;heat sink&apos;) using mechanical work<br />Advantage: Heat pumps are one of the most efficient systems you can buy to heat your home. It saves energy.<br />Disadvantage: If you live in an area that is frequently below freezing in winter, a back up system may be required to provide enough heat for the entire home<br />Compressor/Condenser<br />What its doing: a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system<br />Air Handling Unit<br />
  29. 29. Insulation<br />Batt Insulation<br />Foam Insulation<br />Rigid Insulation<br />
  30. 30. Lintel<br />Lintel: A horizontal beam used in the construction of buildings that supports the masonry above a window or door opening<br />
  31. 31. Mortar<br />Tooled<br />3/8’’<br />Small Commercial Building<br />Type N<br />Tooled<br />3/8’’<br />Apartment Building<br />Type N<br />
  32. 32. Oriented Strand Board<br />
  33. 33. Plumbing<br />
  34. 34. Plywood<br />
  35. 35. Radiant Barrier<br />
  36. 36. Rebar<br /><ul><li>This rebar was a #3 with it being 3/8’’.
  37. 37. The purpose of the deformations in this rebar is to connect the slab when poured.</li></li></ul><li>Steep Roof Drainage<br />Downspout: is a pipe attached to the side of a building, through which water flows from the roof into a drain<br />Splash block: directs water away to protect your foundation and soil from damaging rainwater erosion. <br />Gutter: A narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure, typically into a drain.<br />
  38. 38. Steep Roof Materials<br />A shingle is flat covering element for a roof consisting of individual overlapping elements. <br />Metal Shingle Roof<br />Clay Tile Roof<br />Underlayment: Roof underlayments are designed to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetration<br />What its doing: Roof underlayment performs as a secondary weather resistant barrier under roof cladding. <br />Galvanized Steel Metal Panel Roof<br />Roofing Underlayment<br />
  39. 39. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard<br />Gambrel <br />Gable<br />Hip <br />
  40. 40. Steep Roof Terms<br />Valley: is formed where two roofs join at an angle<br />Ridge: The uppermost, horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes<br />Eave: The projecting overhang at the lower edge of a roof<br />Rake: The inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall<br />Soffit: The finished underside of the eaves<br />Fascia: A flat horizontal band around a roof&apos;s perimeter.<br />Building without a fascia: A building with no horizontal band around a roof&apos;s perimeter<br />
  41. 41. Steep Roof Terms contd…..<br />#2<br />#1<br />
  42. 42. Stone<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />Random Ashlars<br />Random Rubble<br />
  43. 43. Vapor Retarder<br />
  44. 44. Waterproofing<br />
  45. 45. Weep Hole<br />Weep Hole: Are small openings left in the outer wall of masonry construction <br />What its doing: It is an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate.<br />
  46. 46. Welded Wire Fabric<br />
  47. 47. Windows<br />3. Awning– Awning windows are similar to casement windows but are hinged horizontally<br />2. Double hung -The window consists of two sashes that move up and down<br />1. Sliding – Sliding windows move on top and bottom tracks.<br />