Veg-Flex: The Practical Interfaith Pathway to a Low-Carbon Maine Food System Jonathan Maxson, MSW Webinar 7 June 2011 for ...
Three Guiding Questions <ul><li>What is the carbon foodprint of the American food system today? </li></ul><ul><li>What foo...
What is a Carbon Foodprint? <ul><li>The sum of all greenhouse gases produced by our meals across their total life cycle. <...
The Sum of All Greenhouse Gases <ul><li>Carbon Dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Methane </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrous Oxide </li></ul...
Produced By Our Meals <ul><li>All Meals - Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner & Snacks </li></ul><ul><li>Eating In & Eating Out </li>...
Across Their Total Life Cycle <ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Transportation...
Carbon Foodprint Definition <ul><li>The sum of all greenhouse gases produced by our meals across their total life cycle. <...
The American Carbon Foodprint <ul><li>Total Emissions = 28.6 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita </li></ul><ul><li>Foodprint = 6.1 Tons...
28.6 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita? <ul><li>U.S. Clocking 28.6 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source:  Carbon Footprint of Nati...
Versus Australia… <ul><li>Australia Clocking 20.6 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source:  Carbon Footprint of Nations
Versus Canada… <ul><li>Canada Clocking 19.6 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source:  Carbon Footprint of Nations
Versus United Kingdom… <ul><li>UK Clocking 15.4 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source:  Carbon Footprint of Nations
Versus China… <ul><li>China Clocking 3.1 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source:  Carbon Footprint of Nations
Versus India… <ul><li>India Clocking 1.8 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source:  Carbon Footprint of Nations
One More Comparison <ul><li>Total U.S. CO 2 e Emissions = 28.6 Tons Per Capita </li></ul><ul><li>Total Chinese Emissions =...
If That Is the U.S. Foodprint Today… <ul><li>What Reduction Targets Should Americans Aim to Achieve by 2030? </li></ul>
A Difficult Political Calculus Source:  Fig. 24  from  Dr. J. Hansen’s  SMG
But Most Reliable Sources Agree <ul><li>Contraction and Convergence of Total Emissions to Less Than 1-2 Tons CO 2 e Per Ca...
2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 1
2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 2
2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 3
2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 4 <ul><li>A Foodprint Reduction Target of 1.0 to 0.25 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita by 2030 is 84% t...
Low-Carbon Food Transition: Other Reasons <ul><li>Peak Oil, Gas & Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Peak Phosphorous </li></ul><ul><l...
How Do We Lead There? Pt 1 <ul><li>Eat fewer animal products & more plants </li></ul><ul><li>Buy unprocessed foods with le...
How Do We Lead There? Pt 2 <ul><li>Incremental 4-5% Foodprint Reduction Per Year Over 20 Years </li></ul><ul><li>We Do Not...
Veg-Flex Food Pyramid
Emissions Per Calorie By Food Group Source: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010)
How Do We Lead There? Pt 3 <ul><li>Veg-Flex Food Pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>85-100% of Calories from Whole, Plant-Based Foo...
How Do We Lead There? Pt 4 <ul><li>Precision-Engineered Nutrition and Neighborhood-Based Organic Food Production Systems <...
How Do We Lead There? Pt 5 <ul><li>70% Neighborhood-Based </li></ul><ul><li>90% Organic, 90% Nutrient Recycled </li></ul><...
How Do We Lead There? Pt 6 <ul><li>Explore Low-Carbon Food Systems (Less Than 1 Ton CO 2 e Per Capita) as a Humanistic & I...
Conclusion <ul><li>The climate impacts of our food choices are complex and serious </li></ul><ul><li>With knowledge, we ga...
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Veg-Flex: The Practical Interfaith Pathway to a Low-Carbon Maine Food System

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Veg-Flex: The Practical Interfaith Pathway to a Low-Carbon Maine Food System

  1. 1. Veg-Flex: The Practical Interfaith Pathway to a Low-Carbon Maine Food System Jonathan Maxson, MSW Webinar 7 June 2011 for Maine Interfaith Power & Light Board Conference Call
  2. 2. Three Guiding Questions <ul><li>What is the carbon foodprint of the American food system today? </li></ul><ul><li>What foodprint reduction should Americans achieve by 2030? </li></ul><ul><li>How can Maine lead the way to this target? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a Carbon Foodprint? <ul><li>The sum of all greenhouse gases produced by our meals across their total life cycle. </li></ul>Source: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010) brighterplanet.com
  4. 4. The Sum of All Greenhouse Gases <ul><li>Carbon Dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Methane </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrous Oxide </li></ul><ul><li>Other Gases </li></ul><ul><li>Measured in carbon dioxide equivalents (CO 2 e) </li></ul>Source: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010)
  5. 5. Produced By Our Meals <ul><li>All Meals - Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner & Snacks </li></ul><ul><li>Eating In & Eating Out </li></ul><ul><li>All Food Groups </li></ul>Source: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010)
  6. 6. Across Their Total Life Cycle <ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Retail </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal </li></ul>Source: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010)
  7. 7. Carbon Foodprint Definition <ul><li>The sum of all greenhouse gases produced by our meals across their total life cycle. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The American Carbon Foodprint <ul><li>Total Emissions = 28.6 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita </li></ul><ul><li>Foodprint = 6.1 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita </li></ul><ul><li>Foodprint = 21% of Total Emissions </li></ul>Source: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010)
  9. 9. 28.6 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita? <ul><li>U.S. Clocking 28.6 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source: Carbon Footprint of Nations
  10. 10. Versus Australia… <ul><li>Australia Clocking 20.6 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source: Carbon Footprint of Nations
  11. 11. Versus Canada… <ul><li>Canada Clocking 19.6 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source: Carbon Footprint of Nations
  12. 12. Versus United Kingdom… <ul><li>UK Clocking 15.4 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source: Carbon Footprint of Nations
  13. 13. Versus China… <ul><li>China Clocking 3.1 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source: Carbon Footprint of Nations
  14. 14. Versus India… <ul><li>India Clocking 1.8 Tons Carbon Per Person </li></ul>Source: Carbon Footprint of Nations
  15. 15. One More Comparison <ul><li>Total U.S. CO 2 e Emissions = 28.6 Tons Per Capita </li></ul><ul><li>Total Chinese Emissions = 3.1 Tons Per Capita </li></ul><ul><li>Total Indian Emissions = 1.8 Tons Per Capita </li></ul><ul><li>American Food print Alone = 6.1 Tons Per Capita, or Double All Chinese Emissions & More Than Triple All Indian Emissions </li></ul>
  16. 16. If That Is the U.S. Foodprint Today… <ul><li>What Reduction Targets Should Americans Aim to Achieve by 2030? </li></ul>
  17. 17. A Difficult Political Calculus Source: Fig. 24 from Dr. J. Hansen’s SMG
  18. 18. But Most Reliable Sources Agree <ul><li>Contraction and Convergence of Total Emissions to Less Than 1-2 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita by 2030-2050 to stabilize at 450 PPM - with runaway warming still possible </li></ul>Source: Global Commons Institute
  19. 19. 2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 1
  20. 20. 2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 2
  21. 21. 2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 3
  22. 22. 2030 Foodprint Targeting, Pt 4 <ul><li>A Foodprint Reduction Target of 1.0 to 0.25 Tons CO 2 e Per Capita by 2030 is 84% to 95% Below the Current American Average </li></ul>
  23. 23. Low-Carbon Food Transition: Other Reasons <ul><li>Peak Oil, Gas & Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Peak Phosphorous </li></ul><ul><li>Peak Water </li></ul><ul><li>Peak Land </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Soil Fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Jobs in Other Sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Health Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetic Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Social Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Joys of Home Gardening, Composting & Cooking </li></ul>
  24. 24. How Do We Lead There? Pt 1 <ul><li>Eat fewer animal products & more plants </li></ul><ul><li>Buy unprocessed foods with less packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Grow & harvest your own food *organically </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize car trips to food stores & restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>Cook at home more & eat out less </li></ul><ul><li>Cook with efficient appliances & techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Compost, recycle & relish leftovers </li></ul>From: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010) *Except “organically,” which is an addition to the original text.
  25. 25. How Do We Lead There? Pt 2 <ul><li>Incremental 4-5% Foodprint Reduction Per Year Over 20 Years </li></ul><ul><li>We Do Not Miss a Single Year’s Reduction Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>We Harvest the Lowest Hanging Fruit First By Reducing Beef & Dairy Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>We Anticipate Subsequent Reductions Will Be Increasingly Hard to Achieve </li></ul>
  26. 26. Veg-Flex Food Pyramid
  27. 27. Emissions Per Calorie By Food Group Source: The American Carbon Foodprint (2010)
  28. 28. How Do We Lead There? Pt 3 <ul><li>Veg-Flex Food Pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>85-100% of Calories from Whole, Plant-Based Foods </li></ul><ul><li>Veg an Base (no animal products; honey as a matter of conscience) </li></ul><ul><li>Veg etarian (dairy & eggs) and Flex itarian (fish and meat) Options in Very Small Amounts (4 oz day or less for all animal products on average) </li></ul>
  29. 29. How Do We Lead There? Pt 4 <ul><li>Precision-Engineered Nutrition and Neighborhood-Based Organic Food Production Systems </li></ul><ul><li>20% of Workforce in Well-Trained, Middle-Income Food Production Sector </li></ul>
  30. 30. How Do We Lead There? Pt 5 <ul><li>70% Neighborhood-Based </li></ul><ul><li>90% Organic, 90% Nutrient Recycled </li></ul><ul><li>75% Human-Powered </li></ul><ul><li>Garden, Orchard & Microfarm Intensive </li></ul><ul><li>Raw & Dried Foods, Wood Stoves, Induction Stoves & Pressure-Cookers </li></ul>
  31. 31. How Do We Lead There? Pt 6 <ul><li>Explore Low-Carbon Food Systems (Less Than 1 Ton CO 2 e Per Capita) as a Humanistic & Interfaith Sacrament </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the Transition to a Low-Carbon Food System as a Movement Toward God & Wholeness </li></ul>
  32. 32. Conclusion <ul><li>The climate impacts of our food choices are complex and serious </li></ul><ul><li>With knowledge, we gain the power to reduce these impacts through conscious daily living  </li></ul><ul><li>As interfaith stewards of creation, we are called to champion conscious living in the modern world </li></ul><ul><li>www.permavegan.blogspot.com </li></ul>

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