Ecosystems for Life
A Bangladesh-India Initiative

Mihir Kanti Majumder PhD

INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATUR...
BASIC INFORMATION

Geographical Area
Bangladesh-India sub region (Ganga, Brahmaputra, Meghna region)

Project Duration
201...
GBM Region: Opportunities
• Second largest hydrological region in the world.
• Huge surface water potential with tributari...
GBM Region: Threats & Challenges
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Covers only 1.2 % of the World’s land mass.
Per capita arable land abo...
CONCEPT & GOAL
 Promote a better understanding of the water regimes in Bangladesh
and India to address food, livelihood, ...
APPROACH
• Dialogues focused on civil society actors, researchers and
government agencies – between Bangladesh and India
•...
Research & Dialogue:Theme Pentagon
•Food security, water productivity and
poverty - exploring the links between these
issu...
THREE-TIER APPROACH
 Research- to build a scientific information base
(identification of stakeholders, conducting researc...
THREE-TRACKS OF COOPERATION


Track-I – Indo-Bangladesh Joint River Commission (JRC)
& the mode of consultation.

 Track...
Expected Output
• Develop a Shared vision for addressing food,

livelihood and water security issues.
• Establish Multi-st...
SHARED VISION: HEADWAY
• National Advisory Committee covering water resource
professionals, legislators, diplomats, privat...
STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS
Joint Meeting of Authors
8 December, 2010, Bangkok

(Academics, advocacy
organisations, research...
MEDIA DIALOGUE

Around 20 Media professionals
from Bangladesh and India

Panel Discussions
7 Dec 2011
Bangkok

13
KNOWLEDGE HUB: HEAD WAY
• Collection and transformation of information to knowledge
products through consultation processe...
Knowledge Products

15
Capacity Building of Civil Society: Headway
• Build the capacity of young professionals, media and
Government officials.
•...
DIALOGUE on Hilsa Fisheries Management

Government officials of both
the countries with scientists,
representatives of fis...
Brahmaputra-Jamuna Book
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Book in a non-technical and non-jargon language.
Myths and beliefs relating t...
JOINT RESEARCH

19
et odo ogy

et odo ogy
eet g

JOINT RESEARCH

MultiStakeholder
Consultation

Dissemination

Guidance from
NAC Members
Peer...
Joint Research: Community Based Floods Early
Warning System(FEWS) Development in Brahmaputra
Basin
• An appropriate FEWS p...
KEY OUTPUTS AND OUTCOMES
Creation of a
knowledge
hub

Knowledge
products
scientific
reports,
popular
books

Comprehensive
...
LESSONS LEARNED
• Importance of science in dialogue and science based
•
•
•
•
•

23

research.
Process-oriented approach b...
THANK YOU
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Mihir Kanti Majumder - Dhaka Dialogue, August 21, 2013

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Mihir Kanti Majumder - Dhaka Dialogue, August 21, 2013

  1. 1. Ecosystems for Life A Bangladesh-India Initiative Mihir Kanti Majumder PhD INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  2. 2. BASIC INFORMATION Geographical Area Bangladesh-India sub region (Ganga, Brahmaputra, Meghna region) Project Duration 2010 to 2014 Support The Kingdom of The Netherlands 2 Implementing IUCN Offices IUCN Bangladesh IUCN India IUCN Asia Regional Office
  3. 3. GBM Region: Opportunities • Second largest hydrological region in the world. • Huge surface water potential with tributaries and distributaries. • Excellent geographical location in the Himalayan region. • Suitable rainfall pattern with huge precipitation. • Ample arable land with highest potentiality to support agriculture. • Annual water availability is 771400 CM/sq.km. against the world average of 269000 CM/sq.km. • Huge hydro-electric potential: Nepal- 83000 MW ( viable 42000 MW, India- 76000 MW and Bhutan- 30000 MW). • Sufficient waterways for navigation. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 3
  4. 4. GBM Region: Threats & Challenges • • • • • • • • • Covers only 1.2 % of the World’s land mass. Per capita arable land about 1/10th per hec.(half of world average) Home of 10% of the World’s pop. & 40% of the World’s poor. Broken down by country and individual basin. Drains an area larger than their actual surface area. Knowledge gap exists relating to hydrological flow of water. Absence of Regional climate change model for GBM Region. Most vulnerable Region to Climate Change. Natural & Climate induced hazards like landslide, sudden change in river course, bank erosion, drainage congestion, increased rainfall , decreased monsoon period etc are on the rise. • Anthropogenic factors also contribute to develop threats. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 4
  5. 5. CONCEPT & GOAL  Promote a better understanding of the water regimes in Bangladesh and India to address food, livelihood, biodiversity and climate change concerns.  Create a body of knowledge through credible joint scientific research.  Influence policy options for sustainable management of ecosystems in the region.  Improve Integrated Management of Trans-boundary Water Regimes in South Asia Region. Research Dialogue “Knowledge Management” INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 5 Advocacy
  6. 6. APPROACH • Dialogues focused on civil society actors, researchers and government agencies – between Bangladesh and India • Formation of civil society platform in Bangladesh and in India at actual working level (a core working group) • Research activities focusing on present situation and generating information for future activities. • Civil society platform is the vehicle to run dialogues—concerned government agencies are engaged when necessary • A cross-national project committee provides advice and expertise 6
  7. 7. Research & Dialogue:Theme Pentagon •Food security, water productivity and poverty - exploring the links between these issues for poverty alleviation •Impacts of climate change - developing a common understanding of these impacts and adaptation methods •Convergence of inland navigation and integrated water resources management goals •Environmental security - developing a understanding of the links between economic development and environmental security •Biodiversity conservation – understanding of ecosystems and habitats, leading to improved conservation of flagship species 7
  8. 8. THREE-TIER APPROACH  Research- to build a scientific information base (identification of stakeholders, conducting research studies, documentation and review of research).  Dialogue- to facilitate consultation meetings, mapping of concerns and build a common research and dialogue network.  Knowledge Management- transformation of information to knowledge products, disseminate the same and contribute to policy deliberations and integration. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 8
  9. 9. THREE-TRACKS OF COOPERATION  Track-I – Indo-Bangladesh Joint River Commission (JRC) & the mode of consultation.  Track-II – Discussions among Government Officials supported by Civil Society Leaders to facilitate the JRC consultations.  Track III– Research, dialogue and advocacy approach to establish a knowledge based platform to sensitize Track-I and Track-II initiatives. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 9
  10. 10. Expected Output • Develop a Shared vision for addressing food, livelihood and water security issues. • Establish Multi-stakeholder knowledge Hub on food, livelihood and water security issues. • Enhance the capacities of Civil Society stakeholders to address food, livelihood and water security. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 10
  11. 11. SHARED VISION: HEADWAY • National Advisory Committee covering water resource professionals, legislators, diplomats, private sector managers, researchers and academics. • Stakeholder mapping to develop a database of NGOs, CSOs, academia, researchers and key members. • Multi-stakeholders consultations at different locations (Dhaka, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bangkok and other places). • Joint meeting of Authors and Researchers and develop a common research framework. • Conduct research work using common research framework. • Presentation of findings to produce Joint Thematic Situation Analysis report. • Dialogue and Consultations to disseminate the report. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 11
  12. 12. STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS Joint Meeting of Authors 8 December, 2010, Bangkok (Academics, advocacy organisations, research institutions, individual experts) 12 – Thematic group discussions – Consensus on approach and methodology – Deadlines
  13. 13. MEDIA DIALOGUE Around 20 Media professionals from Bangladesh and India Panel Discussions 7 Dec 2011 Bangkok 13
  14. 14. KNOWLEDGE HUB: HEAD WAY • Collection and transformation of information to knowledge products through consultation processes, NAC & PAC discussions, situation analysis papers, studies, exposure visit & research book. • Dissemination of knowledge products through web, publication and other media. • Dev. of Effective Communication Strategy and media monitoring. • Development of Comprehensive database on transboundary knowledge resource. • Creation of an informed public opinion based on studies and contribute to policy options. • Development of Resource Books (Brahmaputra-Jamuna Book, Trans-boundary Water Governance Resource Book). INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 14
  15. 15. Knowledge Products 15
  16. 16. Capacity Building of Civil Society: Headway • Build the capacity of young professionals, media and Government officials. • Create synergies and integration of best water management initiatives (Southern Asia Water Initiatives, Abu-Dhabi Knowledge Forum, Nile Basin Initiatives, India-Nepal Committee on Flood Forecasting, HKH Friend, SACi Waters). • Enhance research capacities on environmental flow and develop a common understanding. • Enhance research capacities on Trans-boundary Water Management. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 16
  17. 17. DIALOGUE on Hilsa Fisheries Management Government officials of both the countries with scientists, representatives of fishermen associations, journalist and civil society members Policy Dialogue 24 July 2013 Kolkata, West Bengal 17
  18. 18. Brahmaputra-Jamuna Book • • • • • • • • • • Book in a non-technical and non-jargon language. Myths and beliefs relating to the river. Basic data of the river & Views of the scholars, locals. The largest river island in the world in this river. Biggest one horned Rhino Sanctuary on the river bank. Home of Ganges Dolphin. Reflection of the lives of the Char dwellers. Reflections from river doctors of the Floating Hospitals. Indigenous dredging techniques followed by locals. Existence of one of the longest Bridges on the river. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 18
  19. 19. JOINT RESEARCH 19
  20. 20. et odo ogy et odo ogy eet g JOINT RESEARCH MultiStakeholder Consultation Dissemination Guidance from NAC Members Peer Review Feedback Joint Research Report Publication & Dissemination Policy Options Stakeholders/Constituency 20 Feedback
  21. 21. Joint Research: Community Based Floods Early Warning System(FEWS) Development in Brahmaputra Basin • An appropriate FEWS plays a pivotal role to reduce damage. • Both the countries have flood forecasting system. • Have the practice of data sharing at the Govt. level. • Community based appropriate FEWS can be developed introducing a sharing culture at the community level: * Sharing experiences and ideas to improve the system. * Enhance the use of web based hydro-metrological data. * Sharing of the water level information between riparian countries. * Discussion of reliable flood information. 21
  22. 22. KEY OUTPUTS AND OUTCOMES Creation of a knowledge hub Knowledge products scientific reports, popular books Comprehensive capacity building on project themes 22 Policy Advocacy Identification of policy options Dialogue, joint research and knowledge management Exposure of stakeholders to best practices Influence changes on the ground
  23. 23. LESSONS LEARNED • Importance of science in dialogue and science based • • • • • 23 research. Process-oriented approach by ensuring sustainability of trans-boundary collaboration and networks. Strategic approach to develop a vision for sustainable and workable TBWM in the region addressing all externalities. Contextual approach addressing the dynamics of civil society due to political, geographical and other aspects. Involvement of broad range of stakeholders including civil society, researchers and media. Various lessons from activities (regular revisits of stakeholders mapping, visible output, conceptual clarity of activities etc.)
  24. 24. THANK YOU

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