Present Perfect


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Present Perfect

  1. 1. The Present Perfect
  2. 2. The Present Perfect <ul><li>In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has with the past participle of a verb: he has seen, have you tried?, they haven’t eaten. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Present Perfect <ul><li>To form the past participle of a verb in Spanish, you add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of most -er/-ir verbs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Present Perfect <ul><li>To form the present perfect tense, we combine this past participle with the present tense of the verb haber . </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Present Perfect <ul><li>We generally use the Spanish present perfect in the same way we use its English equivalent. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Present Perfect <ul><li>I have rented </li></ul><ul><li>You have rented </li></ul><ul><li>He, She It </li></ul><ul><li>has rented </li></ul><ul><li>We have rented </li></ul><ul><li>They have rented </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Present Perfect <ul><li>he alquilado </li></ul><ul><li>has alquilado </li></ul><ul><li>ha alquilado </li></ul><ul><li>hemos alquilado </li></ul><ul><li>habéis alquilado </li></ul><ul><li>han alquilado </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Present Perfect <ul><li>I have chosen </li></ul><ul><li>You have chosen </li></ul><ul><li>He, She It </li></ul><ul><li>has chosen </li></ul><ul><li>We have chosen </li></ul><ul><li>They have chosen </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Present Perfect <ul><li>he escogido </li></ul><ul><li>has escogido </li></ul><ul><li>ha escogido </li></ul><ul><li>hemos escogido </li></ul><ul><li>habéis escogido </li></ul><ul><li>han escogido </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Present Perfect <ul><li>I have decided </li></ul><ul><li>You have decided </li></ul><ul><li>He, She It </li></ul><ul><li>has decided </li></ul><ul><li>We have decided </li></ul><ul><li>They have decided </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Present Perfect <ul><li>he decidido </li></ul><ul><li>has decidido </li></ul><ul><li>ha decidido </li></ul><ul><li>hemos decidido </li></ul><ul><li>habéis decidido </li></ul><ul><li>han decidido </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Present Perfect <ul><li>No he reparado la bicicleta todavía. </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t repaired the bicycle yet. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Present Perfect <ul><li>¿Qué trabajos has tenido? </li></ul><ul><li>What jobs have you had? </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Present Perfect <ul><li>Notice that when the past participle is used with forms of haber , the final -o never changes. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Present Perfect <ul><li>Ricardo ha grabad o su película favorita. </li></ul><ul><li>Sus hermanos han grabad o una telenovela. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Present Perfect <ul><li>Certain verbs that have a double vowel in the infinitive form (except those with the double vowel ui ) require an accent mark on the i in the past participle. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Present Perfect <ul><li>Caer </li></ul><ul><li>Leer </li></ul><ul><li>Oír </li></ul><ul><li>Creer </li></ul><ul><li>Traer </li></ul><ul><li>Reír </li></ul>caído leído oído creído traído reído
  18. 18. The Present Perfect <ul><li>Notice that we place no and other negative words, object pronouns, and reflexive pronouns directly in front of the form of the verb haber . </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Present Perfect <ul><li>Has alquilado esa película alguna vez? </li></ul><ul><li>No, no la he alquilado nunca. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Present Perfect <ul><li>Some verbs have irregular past participles. </li></ul><ul><li>Memorize this acronym: </li></ul><ul><li>REVV MAC PHDD </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>R roto </li></ul><ul><li>E escrito </li></ul><ul><li>V visto </li></ul><ul><li>V vuelto </li></ul><ul><li>M muerto </li></ul><ul><li>A abierto </li></ul><ul><li>C cubierto </li></ul><ul><li>P puesto </li></ul><ul><li>H hecho </li></ul><ul><li>D dicho </li></ul><ul><li>D devuelto </li></ul>Romper Escribir Ver Volver Morir Abrir Cubrir Poner Hacer Decir Devolver