More expressions

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More expressions

  1. 1. More Expressions<br />acabar de volver a time expressions with “hacer”<br />
  2. 2. Index<br />Verbs + Infinitive 3-11<br />Acabar de + Infinitive 5-8<br />Volver a + Infinitive 9-11<br />Time Expressions with “Hacer” 12-23<br />Hacer - concept “how long” 13-18<br />Hacer- concept “ago” 19-22<br />
  3. 3. Verb + Infinitive<br />in Spanish, many useful expressions are<br />formed by combining two verbs.<br />the first verb is conjugated, while the<br />second verb remains in the infinitive form.<br />
  4. 4. Verb + Infinitive<br />Yovoy a viajar a España. (ir)I am going to travel to Spain.<br />Túacabas de comer. (acabar)You have just eaten.<br />Juan puedenadarcadadía. (poder)Juan can swim every day.<br />Maríavuelve a leer el libro. (volver)María reads the book again.<br />
  5. 5. Acabar de + Infinitive<br />One such expression combines the verb<br />acabar(conjugated) with an infinitive. <br />The preposition "de" is always used.<br />
  6. 6. Acabar de + Infinitive<br />to have just done something<br />(in the very recent past)<br />
  7. 7. Acabar de + Infinitive<br />Nosotrosacabamos de leer el libro.We just read the book.<br />Vosotrosacabáis de escribirunascartas.You-all havejustwritten some letters.<br />Ellosacaban de nadar en el mar.They havejustswum in the ocean.<br />
  8. 8. Acabar de + Infinitive<br />Acabo dellevar a mi hermana a su casa.I justtook my sister to her house.<br />Acabas de invitara muchasmuchachas.You havejustinvited many girls.<br />Cristina acaba de conversar con mi mamá.Christina hasjustspoken with my mom.<br />
  9. 9. Volver a + Infinitive<br />Another expression combines the verb<br />volver(conjugated) with an infinitive. <br />The preposition “a" is always used.<br />
  10. 10. Volver a + Infinitive<br />to do something again<br />(past, present and future)<br />
  11. 11. Volver a + Infinitive<br />Vuelvo a leer el libro.I read the book again.<br />Cristina havueltoa conversar con mi mamá.Christina has spokenwith my mom again.<br />Ayer, volvióanievar.<br /> Yesterday, it snowedagain.<br />Mañana, volveráallover<br /> Tomorrow it will rain again.<br />
  12. 12. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />“HACER" can be used to indicate:<br />1 – “how long” you have been doing something.<br />2 - The concept of "ago."<br />
  13. 13. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />”how long” you have been <br />doing something”<br />
  14. 14. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />Hace dos añosqueestudioespañol.<br />I have been studying Spanish for two years.<br />
  15. 15. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />hace+ time + que + present<br />
  16. 16. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />Hacecincoañosqueellasestudianinglés.<br />They have been studying English for five years.<br />Hacetres años que no visitamosEspaña.<br />We haven't visited Spain for three years.<br />
  17. 17. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />Another way to use the verb "hacer" to express <br />the same thing:<br />present + desdehace+ time<br />
  18. 18. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />Estudioespañoldesdehaceun año.<br />I have been studying Spanish for one year.<br />No estudioinglésdesdehacedos años.<br />I haven't studied English for two years.<br />
  19. 19. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />the concept of "ago"<br />
  20. 20. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />Haceuna hora que se durmió. <br />He fell asleep an hour ago.<br />
  21. 21. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />hace+time + que + preterit<br />or<br />preterit + hace+time<br />
  22. 22. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />Hace un año queestudiéespañol.<br />I studiedSpanishoneyear ago.<br />Estudiéespañolhaceun año.<br />I studied Spanish one year ago.<br />
  23. 23. Time expressions with “HACER”<br />The time expression must be specific<br />amount of time:<br />hours weeks days <br />months years etc<br />You cannot use time adverbs such as<br />"yesterday" or "this morning".<br />

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