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Acentos ortográficos


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Acentos ortográficos

  1. 1. acentosortográficos<br />accent marks<br />
  2. 2. help with pronunciation<br />distinguishing between certain homonyms<br />demonstrative pronouns<br />indicating a question<br />separating numerals<br />acentosortográficosuses<br />
  3. 3. If a word ends in a vowel, the letter s, or the letter n, the stress is on the next to last syllable;<br />camino  <br />hablan<br />muchachas<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  4. 4. In other words without an accent, the stress is on the last syllable;<br />querer  <br />ciudad<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  5. 5. A written accent mark IS required if the situation is not as given in the above two rules, that is, when:<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  6. 6. The word ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or n or s and the stress falls on the last syllable;caminó   <br />canción<br />verás<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  7. 7. The word ends in a consonant other than n or s and the stress falls on the next-to-last syllable;  <br />mártir <br />cárcel<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  8. 8. The stress falls on any vowel more than two syllables from the end of the word;<br />propósito <br />dándomelo<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  9. 9. Does the word end in a, e, i, o, u, n, or s? <br />“yes” <br />+<br />notstressed on the next-to-the-last syllable<br />= <br />written accent<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  10. 10. Does the word end in a, e, i, o, u, n, or s? <br />“no” <br />+ <br />not stressed on the last syllable<br />=<br />written accent<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  11. 11. A vowel may either gain or lose an accent when <br />a word is put into plural or singular.<br />examen (egg-SAW-men) <br />exámenes (eggs-SAH-men-ess<br />canción(kahn-SEEOHN) <br />canciones (kahn-SEEOHN-ess)<br />acentosortográficospronunciation<br />
  12. 12. de (of, from); dé(formal command of dar)<br />el (the); él (he) <br />mas(but); más (more) <br />mi (my); mí (me); <br />se (pronoun); sé (1st person, present saber) <br />si (if); sí (yes) <br />solo (single, alone); sólo (only, solely) <br />te (you - as an object); té (tea) <br />tu (your); tú (you) <br />acentosortográficosdistinguishing homonyms<br />
  13. 13. demonstrative pronouns <br />(éste, ése, and aquél, this one, that one) <br />generally carry a written accent mark<br />while <br />demonstrative adjectives<br />(este, ese, and aquel, this, that) <br />never do.<br />acentosortográficosdemonstrative pronouns<br />
  14. 14. Question words are written with a written<br />accent mark:<br />¿adónde?to where?  <br />¿dónde?where?<br />¿cómo?how?, <br />¿cuál? which?<br />¿cuándo?when?<br />¿cuánto(s)? how much, how many?<br />¿qué?what, how?<br />¿quién(es)?who, whom?<br />acentosortográficosindicating a question<br />
  15. 15. The corresponding relative pronouns or<br />connecting words are not: <br />adondeto where<br />comoas, like, because<br />cualwhich, as<br />cuandowhen<br />cuanto(s) as much, as many<br />dondewhere<br />quewhich, that<br />quienwho, whom<br />acentosortográficosindicating a question<br />
  16. 16. ¿Adónde vas?       <br />Where are you going?<br />¿Cuántocuesta? <br />How much does it cost?<br />¡Quéinteresante! <br />How interesting!<br />No sécómo se llama. <br />I don't know what his/her name is.<br />acentosortográficosindicating a question<br />
  17. 17. Cuandovengan, iremos al parque. <br />When they come, we'll go to the park.<br />Digoque no esverdad. <br />I say that it isn't true.<br />La mujer de quienhablases la jefa. <br />The woman you're talking about is the boss.<br />acentosortográficosindicating a question<br />
  18. 18. The conjunctiono (meaning "or") in between <br />numerals, it is accented to avoid confusion <br />with the 0(zero). <br />Tengocinco o seisradios<br />I have five or six radios. <br />Tengo5 ó 6 radios<br />I have 5 or 6 radios. <br />acentosortográficosseparating numerals<br />