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Lafcadio Hearn

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Lafcadio Hearn

  1. 1. LAFCADIO HEARN 小泉八雲
  2. 2. EARLY LIFE Born June 27, 1850 in Lefkada Son of Charles Bush Hearn & Rosa Antoniou Kassimati Baptized Patricios Lefcadios Hearn in Greek Orthodox Church (Patrick Lefcadio Tessima Charles Hearn in English) Unknown if parents legally married Moved to Dublin at 2, mother had difficulty in foreign culture Educated at Roman Catholic Ushaw College Injured in playground accident in teens, suffering loss of vision in left eye
  3. 3. IMMIGRATION Moved to London At 19, moved to America, settled in Cincinnati, Ohio Impoverished but soon found low-grade journalism work On strength of talent, soon began writing for Cincinnati Daily Enquirer Became known for lurid accounts of local murders
  4. 4. SCANDAL AND NEW ORLEANS Married Alethea “Mattie” Foley, a black woman (illegal at the time) When discovered in 1875, was fired from Enquirer and went to work for rival paper, The Cincinnati Commercial Divorced Foley in 1877 and moved to New Orleans Wrote about Creole culture, French Opera, Louisiana Voodoo, & helped popularized New Orleans’ unique culture First to write about Filipinos in the United States in 1883 1887-1890: Lived in Martinique in the West Indies
  5. 5. JAPAN Sent to Japan as a newspaper correspondent in 1890, but was quickly terminated Shimane Prefectural Common Middle School and Normal School in Matsue Married Koizumi Setsu, daughter of a samurai family, had four children 1891: Moved to Kumamoto & worked at Fifth Higher Middle School while completing Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan
  6. 6. LATER LIFE 1894: Wrote for English newspaper, Kobe Chronicle Began teaching English literature at Tokyo Imperial University In 1896, became a naturalized Japanese citizen, taking the name Koizumi Yakumo In 1903, admitted feelings of isolation & persecution 1904: Became professor at Waseda University Died of heart failure on September 26, 1904 at the age of 54
  7. 7. LEGACY Grave located at Zoshigaya Cemetery in Toshima With introduction of Japanese aesthetics to west in 1900, Hearn’s writings became known to the world Offered the West first glimpses into pre-industrial and Meiji-era Japan Homes in Kumamoto and Matsue are now museums dedicated to him
  8. 8. WORKS ON JAPAN Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan (1894) Out of the East: Reveries and Studies in New Japan (1985) Kokoro: Hints and Echoes of Japanese Inner Life (1896) Gleanings in Buddha-Fields: Studies of Hand and Soul in the Far East (1897) The Boy Who Drew Cats (1897) Exotics and Retrospectives (1898) Japanese Fairy Tales (1898) In Ghostly Japan (1899) Shadowings (1900) Japanese Lyrics (1900) A Japanese Miscellany (1901) Kottô: Being Japanese Curios, with Sundry Cobwebs (1902) Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things (1903) The Romance of the Milky Way and Other Studies and Stories (1905)

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