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Morten Meyerhoff Nielsen: Status and Requirements to Optimise Future Benefits

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Morten Meyerhoff Nielsen: Status and Requirements to Optimise Future Benefits

  1. 1. EUROPEAN E-PARTICIPATION: STATUS AND REQUIREMENTS TO OPTIMISE FUTURE BENEFITS PEP-NET SUMMIT, Hamburg (DE), 23 September 2010 Morten Meyerhoff Nielsen
  2. 2. OUTLINE <ul><li>EU agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Status of eParticipation in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge and the opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>How to optimise eParticipation </li></ul><ul><li>eParticipation the next 5 years </li></ul>
  3. 3. EU AGENDA APPROACH (1) <ul><li>Governance White Paper (2001): Openness, participation, accountability, effectiveness, coherence </li></ul><ul><li>EU (from 2006): Focus on empowerment of citizens, better communication, listening </li></ul><ul><li>Lisbon Treaty (2009): Democratic equality, participative democracy, representative democracy </li></ul>
  4. 4. EU AGENDA (2) <ul><li>Europe 2020 (2010-2020): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support active participation in the digital society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(media, digital literacy, security and trust) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote social inclusion and combating poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital Agenda (2010-2015): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance digital literacy, skills and inclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(digital era is about empowerment and emancipation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT-enabled benefits for EU society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(use of ICT and PSI to address challenges) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eGovernment services enabling cost-effective and better service for all, participatory, open and transparent government </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. STATUS OF ePARTICIPATION (1) <ul><li>Countries with national or sub-national eParticipation policies and different levels of initiatives (2009) </li></ul>
  6. 6. STATUS OF ePARTICIPATION (2) <ul><li>Type and level of eParticipation initiatives in Europe (2008) </li></ul>
  7. 7. STATUS OF ePARTICIPATION (3) <ul><li>European eParticipation funding (2008) </li></ul>
  8. 8. CHALLENGE AND THE OPPORTUNITY (1) <ul><li>Channels used for eParticipation (2007/2009) </li></ul>
  9. 9. CHALLENGE AND THE OPPORTUNITY (2) <ul><li>Channels used for eParticipation (2009/2010) </li></ul><ul><li>23% of Norway’s 431 municipalities use social media </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1/3 have guidelines for employee use of social media </li></ul><ul><li>17% of municipalities have an official Facebook group / profile while 1% use LinkedIn. </li></ul><ul><li>15% use Twitter and 13% have a kind of blog </li></ul><ul><li>Other social media used include YouTube (8%), Flickr (5%) and Slideshare (2%) </li></ul><ul><li>MEPs use digital tools, recognise the online presence of citizens , but the majority do not take advantage of Web 2.0 to actively engage voters </li></ul><ul><li>75% have a website, but 62% have never heard of Twitter or have no plans to Tweet </li></ul><ul><li>24% blog extensively, but 26% of bloggers comment on other blogs once a week or more </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional channels seen as most important incl: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising: TV (57%), print (45%), online advertising (33%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach: Writing a column (81%), blogging/micro-blogging (51%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informing thinking: Personal contact with stakeholdergroups (48%), national media coverage (42%), blogs (32% / 17%) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. HOW TO OPTIMISE ePARTICIPATION (1) <ul><li>Increased democratic accountability </li></ul><ul><li>(sine qua non) </li></ul><ul><li>At least 6 main elements which could improve eParticipation practice and impact </li></ul>
  11. 11. HOW TO OPTIMISE ePARTICIPATION (2) Governments/institutions should listen and provide frameworks for citizen participation from the bottom (but not control it) ENABLE Formalise and mainstream eParticipation as part of a coordinated ‘open engagement policy’ NECESSARY Establish and support independent, neutral, trusted 3rd parties GUARDIAN Citizen centricity EMPOWER Civil-servant centricity EMPOWER Unleash Public Sector Information for easy re-use machine-readable format KEY
  12. 12. ePARTICIPATION THE NEXT 5 YEARS <ul><li>Basic issues remain likely to remain the same but … </li></ul><ul><li>not just about politics and policy making, but governance structures and arrangements, service design and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>broadening, widening, merging theme </li></ul><ul><li>(eInclusion, personalisation, design-for-all, community development, social entrepreneurship, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>business models turning inside-out </li></ul><ul><li>(sharing, cooperation, collective action, blurring of boundaries, roles and accountability) </li></ul><ul><li>will we move from eParticipation to eEngagement? </li></ul><ul><li>(are definitions helpful?) </li></ul>
  13. 13. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION <ul><li>Morten Meyerhoff Nielsen Jeremy Millard </li></ul><ul><li>National IT- and Telecom Agency Danish Technological Institut </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>+45 2391 2291 +45 7220 1417 </li></ul>European eParticipation Study consortium http://www.european-eparticipation.eu or http://islab.uom.gr/eP/

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